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Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 44, chapter 40

Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 44
Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D., Ed.

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book: Book XLIII Summary of Book XLIII Book XLIV Summary of Book XLIV Book XLV Summary of Book XLV chapter: chapter 1chapter 2chapter 3chapter 4chapter 5chapter 6chapter 7chapter 8chapter 9chapter 10chapter 11chapter 12chapter 13chapter 14chapter 15chapter 16chapter 17chapter 18chapter 19chapter 20chapter 21chapter 22chapter 23chapter 24chapter 25chapter 26chapter 27chapter 28chapter 29chapter 30chapter 31chapter 32chapter 33chapter 34chapter 35chapter 36chapter 37chapter 38chapter 39chapter 40chapter 41chapter 42chapter 43chapter 44chapter 45chapter 46
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Book XLIII Summary of Book XLIII chapter 1 chapter 2 chapter 3 chapter 4 chapter 5 chapter 6 chapter 7 chapter 8 chapter 9 chapter 10 chapter 11 chapter 12 chapter 13 chapter 14 chapter 15 chapter 16 chapter 17 chapter 18 chapter 19 chapter 20 chapter 21 chapter 22 chapter 23 chapter 24 chapter 25 chapter 26 chapter 27 chapter 28 chapter 29 chapter 30 chapter 31 chapter 32 chapter 33 chapter 34 chapter 35 chapter 36 chapter 37 chapter 38 chapter 39 chapter 40 chapter 41 chapter 42 chapter 43 chapter 44 chapter 45 chapter 46 Summary of Book XLIV Book XLV Summary of Book XLV 40. After this speech silence ensued, partly because men had changed over to his opinion, partly because they shrank from offending him to no purpose in a matter which was in any case a lost opportunity and could not be brought back. Nor [p. 225]even on that day did either the consul or the king1 care to fight, the king because he would have had to attack men no longer weary from travel as on the previous day, nor in turmoil as they marshalled their line of battle and hardly in formation, the consul because neither wood nor fodder had been collected in the new camp and a large number of soldiers had gone out of camp to seek them from the near-by countryside. Without either general wishing it, Fortune, which is stronger than human planning, brought on the battle. There was a stream of no great size nearer the camp of the enemy, from which both the Macedonians and the Romans were drawing water after posting guards on either bank in order to accomplish this mission safely. There were two cohorts on the Roman side, a Marrucinian and a Paelignian, and two troops of Samnite cavalry under the command of the staff-officer Marcus Sergius Silus; another fixed outpost was stationed before the camp under the staff-officer Gaius Cluvius, composed of three cohorts, from Firmum, the Vestini, and Cremona respectively, and two troops of cavalry from Placentia and Aesernia.2 [2] While there was quiet at the river, since neither side took the offensive, about the ninth hour a baggage-animal shied from the hands of his grooms and escaped toward the other bank.3 While three soldiers were chasing him through the water, which was about knee-deep, two Thracians dragged the animal from mid-stream to their bank; the Romans pursued them, killed one, [p. 227]recaptured the animal, and retired to their post.4 There was a guard of eight hundred Thracians on the Macedonian bank. At first a few of these, angry at the killing of their fellow-countryman before their eyes, crossed the river in pursuit of the killers, then more went, and finally the whole force, and with the guard . .5

1 B.C. 168

2 The Marrucini, Paeligni, Samnites, and Vestini were Italian “allies” of the Romans; Firmum, Cremona, Placentia, and Aesernia were colonies with Latin rights.

3 Plutarch credits Aemilius with ordering a horse to be let loose, in order to bring on the battle.

4 B.C. 168

5 Two leaves of the MS. are missing at this point. Judging from Plutarch, these pages contained a description of the advance of the armies from camp, their battle-order, skirmishing by the light-armed troops in which the Macedonians had the advantage, the charge of the Paelignians against some Macedonian light infantry and their collision with the phalanx (cf. below, sec. 9), and perhaps the impression made on Aemilius by the phalanx, an impression which he was careful not to show at the time.

Livy. Books XLIII-XLV With An English Translation. Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1951: published without copyright notice.

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Browse Bar focus Notes (W. Weissenborn, 1880) focus Notes (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1911) focus Notes (W. Weissenborn, 1880) focus Summary (Latin, W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1911) focus Summary (English, Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D., 1951) focus Summary (Latin, Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D., 1951) focus English (William A. McDevitte, Sen. Class. Mod. Ex. Schol. A.B.T.C.D., 1850) focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1911) focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, 1880) focus English (Rev. Canon Roberts, 1912) focus Latin (Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D., 1951) References (34 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (4):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 34.12
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 41-42, commentary, 41.20
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, book 45, commentary, 45.2
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, book 45, commentary, 45.25
  • Cross-references to this page (20):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Macedones
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Peligna
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Perseus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Phalanx
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Placentina
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, M. Sergius Silus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Sarisae
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Turmas
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Aciei
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Aesernina
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Vestina
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, C. Cluvius
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Cohors
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Cremonensis
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Firmana
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), EXE´RCITUS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PELIGNI
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), VESTINI
    • Smith's Bio, Clu'vius
    • Smith's Bio, Silus, Se'rgius
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (10):
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