Latent Print Examination

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Current Trends in Legal Challenges to Fingerprint Evidence
by Amy Watroba, Asst. State's Attorney
Forensic Science Unit
Cook County State's Attorney's Office
Chicago, Illinois
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
These slides address recent types of legal challenges to latent print evidence, what you can expect from defense attorneys, and much more.

Ms. Watroba supports prosecutors in the Cook County (Chicago) area, but welcomes inquiries from latent print examiners and prosecutors anywhere. Her contact details are on the last slide.
             
      
               
FBI Next Generation Identification
by William G. McKinsey
FBI CJIS Biometric Services Section Chief
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
How does the FBI perform 300,000 searches per day against 140 million fingerprint records with superb accuracy? This informative update describes NGI's improved performance with additional modality implementations (face and iris) and new services. Many US state and local forensic scientists consider the FBI's NGI system as America's most important and valuable crime-solving asset.
             
      
       
IAI Latent Print Certification Board Update- 2018
by Stephanie Howard, CLPE
Ontario Provincial Police
LPCB Chair
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
This excellent presentation updates activities of the LPCB during the past year, including details about test impressions which caused decertification of examiners (8% failure rate).

Discussion after the presentation included recommendations by many CLPEs present to cease decertification due to one missed ident (in the same manner that not identifying all impressions during initial certification testing is not a failure). The LPCB explained they will take the recommendations received during the meeting (and all other communications) under consideration.
 
       
Click on the above image to see a larger version of the print "missed" most often during recertification testing.            
      
        
Universal Latent Workstation (ULW) in the Next Generation Identification (NGI) World v6.67
by Melissa Halpenny
FBI CJIS 
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
Everything you want to know about updated features in the FBI's latest release of ULW. The modern image quality metrics, unique comparison tool and other features make the software valuable even to forensic experts (latent print examiners) who do not search the FBI's national database. Slide 20 includes links for software download by authorized agencies/personnel, including foreign offices/personnel from most countries.
             
      
    
Small Agency Latent Print AFIS Capabilities in 2018
by Ron Smith, CLPE and Ed German, CLPE
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
Hundreds of latent print examiners at small agencies in America are unable to search unsolved case latent prints in the FBI's national database. In the nation's fifth largest state (Illinois), very few local agency latent print examiners can search latent prints at the FBI... meaning months or years of turn-around time before examination begins on evidence they submit to Illinois' overworked (and under-financed) state crime labs.

Additionally, more than half of latent print examiners surveyed who have current access through state or regional networks desire to be able to submit latent prints directly to the FBI via email (an avenue which was shut-off about three years ago for most agencies to even explore ).

Some believe the major AFIS vendors are pushing back against agencies being able to directly search the FBI without buying $30K to $50K terminals to route through the same AFIS vendor's state systems. Other experts see push-back from state law enforcement to allow local agencies to circumvent their networks (electronic or crime lab snail-mail) even though directly searching the FBI would often solve investigations faster and overall reduce criminal activity in the impacted jurisdictions.

Click here to see a PNG file displaying all the small agency responses. Depending on your browser, you may need to click on a small magnifying glass icon or otherwise zoom in to increase the image width to a legible view. A few survey outliers seemed to list the CSI unit or investigative Division population in lieu of the total law enforcement agency number of employees, but most of the participants' responses seemed copacetic.
  
      


    
   
AFIS Training Practices: Swiss Precision - American Cowboy
by Kurt Aebersold and Carey Hall, CLPE
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
This presentation addresses the well-ordered Swiss AFIS training program (under one organization) versus the myriad approaches happening in the American AFIS environment.
             
      
      
Benefits of a Regional or Local AFIS
by David Tivin, CLPE and Neil Runte
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
These industry presentation slides by Gemalto Cogent and the Westchester, Ohio Police Department outline some of the reasons hundreds of local agencies in America utilize local or regional AFIS systems to accomplish timely and accurate crime solving not always possible through state and federal systems.
             
      
      
Going from AFIS to Advanced Recognition Systems to Prevent & Solve More Crime
by John Dowden and John Burt, CLPE
 
Presented at the International Association for Identification Annual Educational Conference during 29 July - 3 August 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA
   
This industry presentation by NEC focuses on the latest available biometric and video analytical technologies. These new capabilities help to identify suspects and mitigate crime with increased accuracy while still endeavoring to ensure public privacy rights.
             
 

           

                        
DNA or Latent Prints? Or Both?
by Raymond A, Jorz, FFS, Senior Fingerprint/Firearms Examiner
  and
Karen M. Zavarella, Ph.D., Forensic Analyst

Presented at the CUGI Annual Educational Conference - 30 Oct-1 Nov 2017

These slides include information about how to successfully harvest both latent print and DNA evidence from the same specimens/surfaces.

The collection of DNA from latent print ridge detail by peeling open tape or hinge lifters in the lab, and from cyanoacrylate-developed ridge detail, and other evidence scenarios are addressed.

The need for sterile, single-use brushes and powders is addressed, along with their study results about how little DNA cross-contamination they found upon analyzing brushes/powder used at multiple (many) crime scenes.
             
      


      
Testimony Issues in a Post-PCAST World
November 2017 by Rachelle Babler, CLPE

Presented at the CUGI Annual Educational Conference - 30 Oct-1 Nov 2017
 
These slides address some of the issues and concerns for testifying in modern times, when Defense knows there is a need for transparency in reports and testimony to comply with current standards, guidelines and best practices.

The slides also address the PCAST report error of not considering the clerical errors (as much as 35 of 42 answers) in the Miami Dade study; and the fact PCAST ignored that 100% of errors in the Miami Dade and FBI/Noblis Black Box studies were caught during subsequent verification actions.
             
      
      
  
Unusual, Genius and Stupid Tactics for More Fingerprint and Face Identifications (2017 Update)
by Ed German, CLPE
 
Presented at the CUGI Annual Educational Conference - 30 Oct-1 Nov 2017
   
This presentation outlines numerous options to consider for identifying more persons in current cases, and some cold cases, by working smarter (not harder) to balance accuracy, timely support and thoroughness. 
             
      
    
Latent Print Report Appendix
October 2017 by Ed German, CLPE
 
Attaching an appendix at the end of latent print reports may help with transparency in communicating limitations, methods and overall information.

Here is a sample Latent Print Report Appendix. This appendix is used by the Macon County (Illinois) Sheriff's Office (MCSO).

The MCSO appendix is modeled after an FBI Lab Latent Print Report appendix, but with FBI-specific references modified to include SWGFAST, etc., documents.

The FBI Lab Latent Print Report appendix is excerpted (pages 5 through 7) from the online document here.
             
      


          

A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research (2016-2017)
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service

Presented at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
Another valuable annual review of friction ridge research publications.

 
                    
  

Validation in ISO 17025 Accredited Laboratories – Policy Guidance and a Recent Example of a Validation Study 
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service

Presented at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
This presentation includes information about how to structure validation studies for common processes (e.g., ninhydrin) as well as novel methods. An example of a recent study conducted in the presenter's laboratory is included.



   
  

Old vs. New Fingerprint Information Exchange
by Michaela Spankova, Stefania Bohmerova, Dusan Mikulaj Institute of Forensic Science, Slovak Republic  

Poster presentation at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
This presentation addresses the little known pioneering work of the Denmark Police who initiated the world's first electronic encoding of fingerprint minutiae (incorporating some features of the modified Henry classification system) facilitating remote electronic identification (confirmation that minutiae corresponded) and exclusion.

Best viewed by downloading to scroll-down through the individual slides.

The NIST (NBS) 1969 technical note reviewing Jörgensen's system is online here. The 1922 English version of a book describing Jörgensen's "Distant Identification" system is online here.
 
       


  

Enhancing the Cyanoacrylate Fuming Method of Latent Prints via Coupling the Effects of Temperature and Humidity
by Leondra S. Lawson-Johnson and Mark Dadmun, Univ of Tennessee 

Poster presentation at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
This presentation addresses the effects of various temperature and humidity combinations over time for the development of latent prints. Ambient development conditions (not artifically increased humidity) were shown to be optimal in this study. The presentation diagram shows a fuming cabinet with specimens positioned above the heated cyanoacrylate.
 
Best viewed by downloading to scroll-down through the individual slides.

 
   
    

IMPROVING THE RIGOR OF THE LATENT PRINT EXAMINATION PROCESS
PhD Thesis by Austin Hicklin
 
Now publicly available, this interesting and informative document details past, current and future developments, activities and ideas impacting the quality and thoroughness of latent print examination work in the demanding environment of the modern world. 

                         
 

Get the Latest Version of Universal Latent Print Workstation (ULW 6.6.3 )... Even if you do not currently submit latent print searches directly to the FBI, you may Use ULW Extended Feature Set capabilities to help with casework documentation of Level 1, 2 and 3 information.  ULW now includes an offline comparison tool for use even if you have no AFIS.
  - ULW Brochure
 


 
Development of Latent Fingermarks from Difficult Surfaces by Laser Light Sources
by Shiquan Liu, PhD
Institute of Evidence Law and Forensic Science China University of Political Science and Law
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation explains successful laser development and visualization techniques applied to difficult surfaces, including bricks, stone, wood, train tickets and cloth. The presentation includes contributions from Zhongliang Mi, Weisi Cai, and Brian Dalrymple. 
                       
  
ENFSI Best Practice Manual for Fingerprint Examination
by Maj. Aldo Mattei, PhD
RIS Carabinieri, Italy
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation addresses the Best Practice Manual for Fingerprint Examination issued by the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI). The manual considers fingerprint examination from the receipt of items into a laboratory to the delivery of a report as a seamless and interdependent process. It does not consider the recovery of fingermarks from the crime scene, although much of the information within the visualization chapter is relevant. The full manual is online here.
                    
  
The Strength of Conclusions
by Michelle Triplett, CLPE
King County, Washington
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation discusses a more accurate and transparent approach for arriving at, and reporting, results. The full published paper addressed by the presentation is online here.  
          
    
A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation provides a brief overview of a selection of articles published since mid-2015.  
          
    
Validation Studies in ISO 17025 Accredited Laboratories
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation addresses key elements of Level I, II and III validation procedures, including documentation.  
          
           
New Paradigm for Fingerprint
Reporting Without Individualization

by Henry Swofford, Chief Latent Print Unit
US Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory
Presented during a Forensic Technology Center of Excellence webinar on 14 July 2016

In November 2015, the Defense Forensic Science Center (DFSC) issued an Information Paper announcing the decision to cease using the terms “individualization” and “identification” in latent print technical reports and expert witness testimony. This presentation explained the reasoning behind the new reporting language of the DFSC. 

For over 100 years, fingerprint evidence has been used as a valuable tool for the criminal justice system.  Relying on the generalized premise of “uniqueness”, the forensic community has regarded fingerprint evidence as nearly infallible having the capacity to “individualize” the source of a fingerprint impression to a single individual.  While the uniqueness of a complete record of friction ridge skin detail is generally undisputed, the extension of that premise to partial and degraded impressions has become a central issue of debate.  Nevertheless, forensic science laboratories routinely use the terms “individualization” and “identification” in technical reports and expert witness testimony to express an association of a partial impression to a specific known source. 
 
Over the last several years, there has been growing criticism among the scientific and legal communities regarding the use of such terms to express source associations which rely on expert interpretation.  The crux of the criticism is that these terms imply absolute certainty and infallibility to the fact-finder which has not been demonstrated by available scientific data.  As a result, several authoritative scientific organizations have recommended forensic science laboratories not to report or testify, directly or by implication, to a source attribution to the exclusion of all others in the world or to assert 100% infallibility and state conclusions in absolute terms when dealing with population issues.  Consequently, the traditional paradigm of reporting latent fingerprint conclusions with an implication of absolute certainty to a single source has been challenged.  The underlying basis for the challenge pertains to the logic applied during the interpretation of the evidence and the framework by which that evidence is articulated.  By recognizing the subtle, yet non-trivial differences in the logic, the fingerprint community may consider an alternative framework to report fingerprint evidence to ensure the certainties are not over or understated.
       
   
Out of the Frye-ing pan and into the Fire
by Francis P. Senese
Presented at the Illinois Division, International Association for Identification's (IAI) 54th Annual Educational Conference - April 2016

This presentation details historical background and other important factors to consider for Daubert, Frye and similar scientific process challenge hearings. 
       
  
Transmogrification  - Surgical incisions and rotation of fingerprint focal point areas (e.g., cores, delta) before suturing.
        
      
      
Automated Face & FP Criminal Justice Resources
by Ed German
Presented at the Illinois Division, International Association for Identification's (IAI) 54th Annual Educational Conference - April 2016

This presentation details face and fingerprint repositories US law enforcement can leverage today to solve more crime... (even if they have no in-house face experts).
 
  
 
 
NIST Seeking Fingerprint Examiners for Facial Identification Study 
 
Dear Colleague,

One of the key questions in forensics is measuring the accuracy of facial forensic examiners.  To address this question, we are conducting the Measuring the accuracy of facial forensics comparisons research study.  This research study will measure the performance of facial forensic examiners using the tools and methods in their laboratory. We are recruiting facial forensic examiners to compare the faces in 20 image-pairs and answer a background survey. 
 
We are also recruiting non-examiner face experts and fingerprint examiners to take the same study.  Non-examiner face experts are familiar with faces but have not been trained in facial forensic comparisons. We are looking for fingerprint examiners who do not have experience in facial comparisons.  Fingerprint examiners have been trained forensic comparison but do not have experience with faces.  These two groups will allow for a detailed analysis of the accuracy of facial forensics comparisons. 
 
By participating in this research study, you will assist in developing a scientific measure of performance of facial forensic comparison.  These results may help meet the Daubert standard for the admissibility of expert witness testimony.
 
By volunteering for this research study, you may request your accuracy at comparing the extremely challenging faces in this study. If you are willing to volunteer, please contact the principle investigator, Dr. Jonathon Phillips, by email at [email protected] or by phone at +1 301-975-5348.   
  
 
   
FBI's Biometric Center of Excellence
by Nick Megna, Unit Chief, Biometric Center of Excellence, FBI CJIS, Clarksburg, West Virginia
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 100th International Educational Conference - August 2015

This presentation details current activities and future plans involving FBI biometric projects including fingerprint, face, iris and voice modalities.

     


    
A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification (IAI) 100th International Educational Conference - August 2015

This presentation provides a partial overview of forensic science articles appearing in (non-IAI) publications during 2014-2015.

   
    
A Possible Model for R&D – Maintaining the “Scientist" in the Forensic Scientist
by Eliot Springer, Deputy Director NYPD Police Laboratory, New York City, NY
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 99th International Educational Conference - August 2014

This presentation addresses obstacles and novel solutions to increase research and development in the modern forensic science laboratory environment. 
   
  
   
Improving Morale, Opening Lines of Communication, and Keeping the Criminalist Engaged
by Eliot Springer, Deputy Director NYPD Police Laboratory, New York City, NY
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 99th International Educational Conference - August 2014

This presentation explains how implementing a variety of outside-the-box ordinary, unusual, and fun activities can improve the flow of communications, reduce stress, improve productivity and provide other benefits.
     
  
 
IT Project in Poland Supporting LP Development on Difficult Porous and Non-Porous Surfaces
by the Central Forensic Laboratory in Warsaw and the Police Academy in Szczytno, Poland

Poster presentation at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
  
This poster from S. Zubanski, A. Tyzwa, T. Szcepanski, K. Klemczak and U. Wieckiewicz outlines the planned development of software cataloguing and documenting validated processes for latent print development on difficult surfaces.  Additionally, IT development will include creation of a comprehensive electronic infrastructure supporting forensic units with modern software solutions for real world conditions. The project is supported by The National Centre for Research and Development.
   
  
 
       
Fingermark Visualisation Manual
by Helen Bandey, PhD
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
  
The presentation explained and demonstrated the automated, interactive fingerprint visualization manual.  (These slides are not interactive, but include screen shots of sample pages from various sections.)

This manual replaces the widely used "Manual of Fingerprint Development Techniques." It has been vastly revised and extended and it is presented in a new style to reflect advances in both science and operational practice. 

The new manual has been implemented across all UK police forces. Others may purchase the electronic manual from tso-shop.co.uk
       


   
Administrative Decisions within the Universal Latent Workstation Software
by Patricia Mason, Training Instructor, FBI CJIS
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
 
This presentation explains new features of the FBI's newest (soon to be released) ULW software.  New capabilities include civil database searches, a direct email interface (still being developed), Next Generation Identification (NGI) interface capabilities, and much more.
 
  

   
Understanding Digital Image Processing
by Allison Loll, PhD, CLPE
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
 
This presentation (A Look Behind the Scenes: Understanding Digital Imaging Processing) addresses important aspects of digital imaging, including accurate and complete answers for image processing-related questions in court.

   


   
Conducting Forensic Science Research Projects
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014

Topics addressed include effective planning, research, design, conduct, documentation and publication of forensic science research.
   



Latent Print Research Projects
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
 
This presentation covers a variety of US Secret Service research, including the following

- Developing Latent Prints on Coated Papers

- Developing Latent Prints on Stone Papers

- Impact of Latent Print Reagents on Ink Analysis

- Processing Business Envelopes with Polystyrene Windows

- Effect of Acidifying Ninhydrin on Latent Print Development
     


   
A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014

It is difficult for most latent print examiners to keep up with articles published in so many different journals. This presentation provides a brief overview of a selection of articles published since 2013.
   
 


   
More IAI Presentations coming soon...



If you are a Fingerprint Professional, you should consider joining the IAI, The Fingerprint Society, or both. 

   

World's Largest Database

With over 200 million fingerprint, face and iris biometric records.  UIAI  plans to collect as many as 600 million multi-modal records.  India's Unique Identification project is also known as Aadhaar, a word meaning "the foundation" in several Indian languages.  Aadhaar is a voluntary program, with the ambitious goal of eventually providing reliable national ID documents for most of India's 1.2 billion residents.
With a database larger than any other in the world, Aadhaar's ability to leverage automated fingerprint and iris technology enables rapid and reliable searching and identification impossible to accomplish with just fingerprint technology in such a large system, especially when searching children and elderly residents' biometric records.


The Philosophy of Friction Ridge Examination ...an interesting presentation by Boyd Baumgartner.  Here is a link to other vimeo presentations Boyd has created. 


Tips, Tricks and Best Kept Secrets (Universal Latent Workstation and NGI) presented 11 August 2011 by Jeff Carlyle at the 96th Annual IAI Conference .


Latent Print Development Techniques for Thermal Paper   presented 10 August 2011 by Aldo Mattei and Federico Cervelli at the 96th Annual IAI Conference.    
   



Chicken or the Egg: Process for Latent Prints or DNA First? presented 9 August 2011 by Diana Tabor and Karley Hujet at the 96th Annual IAI Conference.


Fingerprint Sourcebook -  now available here.  This is the sourcebook many of us have heard about (and worked on) in recent years.


SWGFAST Glossary and other Documents 

NIST Pattern Evidence Home Page


NAS Report:  Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward

Access the 41-page Free Executive Summary here.

Report Description from the National Academies Press

"Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community.

The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs."

News Release on the report.

  

Access the report here

Webcast of 18 Feb 2009 NAS briefing.


New forensic term after 18 Feb 2009 (?):  

Nif·ty [ níftee ]

adjective (comparative nif·ti·er, superlative nif·ti·est)

Definition:

1. compliant with National Institute of Forensic Science requirements.

2. stylish and good-looking: fashionable and good-looking

3. agile: good, quick, and clever at doing something or using something

4. very good: very good or effective



Latent Prints: A Perspective on the State of the Science

October 2009 FBI.gov online commentary by eight of the FBI Laboratory's senior Fingerprint Specialists/Latent Print Examiners


Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community  Interesting documents online at the National Academies of Science Committee on Science, Technology and Law 


Presented by the FBI Laboratory at the IAI Conference on 18 August 2008

Right-click and download before opening these large files:

PDF Slides (2.4 Mb)

PowerPoint Slides (3.1 Mb)


See new Standards and Draft Standards from SWGFAST   


 

Position Paper on Latent Fingerprint Identification from the IAI...  29 Nov 2007, from the International Association for Identification.


ACID YELLOW Development of Bloody Latent Prints on Dark Surfaces... 
2
7 Jul 2007 IAI presentation, courtesy of the US Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory.

Right-click here to download the large PowerPoint version of this presentation, then open on your computer.

Right-click here to download the large PDF version of this presentation, then open on your computer.


Ninhydrin Development without expensive or dangerous solvents.  Research from Korea...


Major Case Prints DRAFT Card 
A new card for recording all finger joints/tips and thenar (base of palm) areas was drafted by SWGFAST

See images of the new card here.
 
The new card is intended to facilitate comprehensive record finger and palm prints (AKA Major Case Prints) when fully completed with existing FBI Fingerprint Card (Form FD-249 front and back ) and FBI Palmprint Card (Form FD-884 front and back ) records.   The new card form number is expected to be FD-884A.

 
MCP standardization will assist AFIS as more vendors design systems for handling all friction ridge areas of the hands.  



  The Madrid Error Prints, including Algerian Ouhnane Daoud's record print, are online here .

The US Department of Justice's March 2006 documents related to the Madrid Error are online at
http://www.usdoj.gov/oig/special/s0601/PDF_list.htm

(Recommend downloading these files before opening from your computer).

Among other findings, the 330 page report criticizes the FBI Laboratory's Examination SOP, and SWGFAST guidelines, as repetitive, vague and general.  

The five-page conclusion from the report is available here (much smaller file) .  
 
 
" The Myth of Goats : How many people have fingerprints that are hard to match?"
by Austin Hicklin, Craig Watson and Brad Ulery

Published as a NIST Interagency Report, NISTIR 7271


 


7 Sep 2005 Massachusetts Supreme Court Oral Arguments (swf file type) about Admissibility of Simultaneous Impressions RE: Commonwealth v. Patterson

Amicus Brief by Cole, Habers, et al.

Additional details at clpex.com

New Hampshire June 2005 Daubert Challenge  
More than Zero: Accounting for Error in Latent Fingerprint Identification
by Simon A. Cole, 95 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 985 (2005). 
   

   

Processing Reagent Guide

Alex Mankevich's Excellent Resource at CBDIAI
  

Is Fingerprinting a Science?

What is a Daubert Hearing?

What is the correct pronunciation of Daubert?

Frequently Asked Questions

Search this web site

Expert topics area

General Information area for Students and most non-experts

Investigator topics area

 
New Books on AFIS and Biometrics

 

 
Shirley McKie Case Update

  Click here for the latest details at
www.shirleymckie.com  

Dr. Henry Faulds Monument in Japan
     13 March 2002 Order from Judge Pollak
Judge Pollak Reversed Himself
US v LLERA PLAZA

Judge Pollak Reverses Himself
The Honorable Louis H. Pollak wrote:
Based on the foregoing considerations, I have concluded that arrangements which, subject to careful trial court oversight, are felt to be sufficiently reliable in England, ought likewise to be found sufficiently reliable in the federal courts of the United States, subject to similar measures of trial court oversight. In short, I have changed my mind. "Wisdom too often never comes, and so" - as Justice Frankfurter admonished himself and every judge - "one ought not to reject it merely because it comes late." (7 January 2002 Court Decision partially against fingerprints Court Decision )

PA v. Vikara, Convicted After Starrs' Testimony
Prof. James Starrs was called as an expert in the methodology of fingerprint comparison, but renounced much of his written report during cross-examination.  Hearing was October 22, 2001... Defendant convicted of 1st Degree Murder and Robbery... sentenced to death. Defendant died January 10, 2002 in the State Correctional Institute at Camp Hill, PA.

Critical Author's Opinion Ruled Junk Science
A New York state judge listened to testimony by Simon Cole about why he considers the science of fingerprint identification suspect... and ruled, ..."Even applying the Federal Court's Daubert Standard, what Dr. Cole has offered here is 'junk science"... 
( Court Decision ) ( Cole's Testimony )

Notorious Daubert Challenge - Bin Laden's Terrorist Tried It
After his April 6, 2001 conviction, Ahmed Ressam was known to most of us as just another criminal who failed in his bid to exclude incriminating fingerprint evidence. As Paul Harvey would say, we now know the rest of the story... 
 

A Statement Regarding Am eri can News Shows and Articles about Fingerprint Evidence Credibility in Court...


 

Expert Topics

General Information

Investigator Topics

Search Help with PDF Files Webmaster Persons serious about fingerprint expertise often become members of the IAI, The Fingerprint Society, or both. 
 
  Sites Concerned About Abuse of Fingerprint Databases:

Electronic Privacy Info Ctr

Privacy International

Privacy Forum

 
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