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Ziaur Rahman (Shaheed General Zia) - summary - biography of Muslim and Bengali

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Ziaur Rahman (Shaheed General Zia)

  • Born: 19 January 1936, Bagbari village, Gabtoli upazila, Bogra district
  • Died: 30 May 1981, Chotrogram but buried in Dhaka (aged 45)
  • Profession: Founder of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP or Jatiotabadi Dol)
  • National contribution: 7th President of Bangladesh. Sector Commander during Swadhinata Juddho and declared independence of Bangladesh in March 1971.
  • Recognition: Honorary title of 'Shaheed' (martyred). Known as 'Swadhinata Gushok' (Declarer of Independence). Awarded Bir Uttom, Bangladesh's second highest military award.
  • Hasani? Didn't know that! Awarded Hilal-e-Jurat, Pakistan's second highest military award for heroic performance during Indo-Pak war of 1965

Biography

  1. Early life of "Komol", excel in Pakistani military, family life, pre-liberation
  2. Declaration of Independence, 1975 coup
  3. President of Bangladesh, Islam and nationalism, 'Gram Sarkar', multi-party
  4. Founder of BNP, assassination
  5. Legacy I: criticism, Jatiyo Biplob o Sanghati Dibosh, Zia Smriti Jadughar, Swadhinata Purushkar
  6. Legacy II: Muktijuddha Ziaur Rahman Hall (DU), what others say about Ziaur Rahman (Shaheed General Zia)...

Timeline of few major events in Ziaur Rahman's life:

  • 1940s - Early education in Hare School, Calcutta (India) and Academy School, Karachi (Pakistan)
  • 1953 - Joins Pakistan Military Academy (PMA), Kakul, as an officer cadet
  • 18 September 1955 - Graduate from PMA in top 10% of class and commissioned as Second Lieutenant in Pakistan Army
  • 1957 - Transferred to East Bengal Regiment (EBR)
  • August 1960 - 24-year-old Zia marries 15-year-old Khaleda Majumder 'Putul'
  • 1965 - Participate in Indo-Pak War as commander of a company unit of 300-500 soldiers. Awarded Hial-e-Jurat (Crescent of Courage), Pakistan's second highest military award, for bravery
  • 1966 - Appointed military instructor at PMA and help raise two Bengali battalions: 8th and 9th Bengals
  • 20 November 1967 - First child, son Tarique Rahman, born
  • 1969 - Join 2nd EBR as second-in-command in Joydevpur, Gazipur (near Dhaka)
  • October 1970 - Promoted to Major and transferred to 8th EBR in Chittagong
  • 27 March 1971 - 35-year-old Zia publicly declares independence of newly-formed Bangladesh from Pakistan via Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra in Kalurghat radio station, Chittagong
  • April 1971 - Designated Sector No. 1 (Chotrogram-Noakhali) and Z-Force Commander and lead Bangladesh to victory in nine month Sangram (War) with (West) Pakistan
  • 1972 - 73 - Various military promotions including Colonel (February 1972), Deputy Chief of Army Staff (June 1972), Brigadier (1973) and Major General (10 October 1973)
  • 3 November 1975 - House arrested by Brigadier Khaled Mosharraf and Colonel Shafat Jamil following revolt against the killing of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and family in August 1975
  • 7 November 1975 - Freed by Colonel Abu Taher who staged a third coup, 'Sipoy-Janata Biplob'
  • 1975 - Appointed Chief of Army Staff (COAS) and Deputy to Justice Sayem, the Chief Martial Law Administrator (CMLA)
  • 21 July 1976 - Colonel Taher executed by military court after being arrested under Zia's command
  • 19 November 1976 - Become CMLA as Justice Sayem becomes President
  • 21 April 1977 - Becomes 7th President of Bangladesh
  • 30 April 1977 - Initated a '19-Point Programme' and Gram Sarkar (Village Councils) in 1980 for greater economic growth throughout country
  • 2 October 1977 - Rebel soldiers fail to assassinate President Zia in his presidential house in Dhaka
  • 1977 - Secularism removed from Constitution of Bangladesh and replaced with "trust and faith in Almighty Allah" under Zia's leadership. "Bismillah-ir-Rahmanir Rahim" (In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Beneficient) added above Preamble of Constitution
  • February 1978 - Floated 'Jatiyatabdi Ganatantric Dal' (JAGODAL) with vice president Justice Sattar as head. JAGODAL merged with 6 other parties to form 'Jatiyatabadi Front' (Nationalist Front)
  • 3 June 1978 - Wins presidential election, securing over 76% ov votes
  • 1 September 1978 - 'Bangladesh Nationalist Party' (BNP, Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Dal) formed and Zia elected as Chairman
  • 1979 - 80 - Conceptualised and proposed an organisation of South Asian nation which later became SAARC
  • 30 May 1981 - Assassinated in abortive army coup in Chittagong Circuit House. 45-year-old Zia murdered along with 6 bodyguards and 2 aides. Buried in Rangunia upozila, 22 miles from Circuit House. Prime suspect, Major General Abul Manzoor, murdered three days later.Till date, nobody officially held responsible for killing
  • 1 April 1981 - Body dugged-up, returned to Dhaka and buried in Chandrima Uddyan next to Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban (National Parliament). Over a million people attended funeral
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