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ICSC 0663 - KEROSENE

KEROSENE ICSC: 0663 Kerosine
Light petroleum
Lamp oil
Fuel oil no°1 May 2018 CAS #: 8008-20-6 UN #: 1223
EC Number: 232-366-4

ACUTE HAZARDSPREVENTIONFIRE FIGHTING FIRE & EXPLOSIONFlammable.  Above 37°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed. NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking.  Above 37°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! SYMPTOMSPREVENTIONFIRST AID InhalationCough. Sore throat. Dizziness. Headache. Confusion. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness. Use ventilation. Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention. SkinDry skin. Redness. Protective gloves. Protective clothing. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Seek medical attention if you feel unwell. EyesRedness. Wear safety goggles. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. IngestionAspiration hazard! Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Rinse mouth. Rest. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSALCLASSIFICATION & LABELLING Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.

According to UN GHS Criteria

DANGER Flammable liquid and vapour
May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
Causes skin irritation
May cause drowsiness or dizziness
Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: III

STORAGE Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. PACKAGING

Prepared by an international group of experts on behalf of ILO and WHO, with the financial assistance of the European Commission.
© ILO and WHO 2017

KEROSENE ICSC: 0663 PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
LOW VISCOSITY LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

Physical dangers
As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated. 

Chemical dangers
Reacts with oxidants.


See Notes.
Boiling point: 175-325°C
Melting point: -48 - -26°C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.80 - <1.0
Solubility in water: insoluble
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.5
Flash point: 38-52°C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 210°C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.7-5
Vapour pressure, kPa at 37.8°C: 1-3.7


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, by ingestion and through the skin.

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the skin and respiratory tract. If this liquid is swallowed, aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. This may result in lowering of consciousness.

Inhalation risk
No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C.

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking.


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS TLV: (as total hydrocarbon vapour): 200 mg/m3, as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans)
ENVIRONMENT The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
NOTES Physical properties vary, depending on the composition.
Ingestion of kerosene (lamp oil) is a major cause of accidental poisoning in children. 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION EC Classification
 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations