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Ying Shao

Ying Shao
應劭
Military Adviser and Colonel (軍謀校尉)
(under Yuan Shao)
In office
? (?) – 206 (206)
Administrator of Taishan (泰山太守)
In office
184 (184) – ? (?)
MonarchEmperor Ling of Han /
Emperor Xian of Han
Registrar of Runan (汝南主簿)
In office
177 (177) – 184 (184)
MonarchEmperor Ling of Han
Gentleman Official (郎官)
In office
173 (173) – 177 (177)
MonarchEmperor Ling of Han
Yushi Ying Ling (御史營令)
In office
? (?) – ? (?)
MonarchEmperor Ling of Han
Prefect of Xiao (County) (蕭令)
In office
? (?) – ? (?)
MonarchEmperor Ling of Han
Personal details
Born140[1]
Xiangcheng, Henan
Died206 (aged 66)[1]
Handan, Hebei
Relations
  • Ying Xun (brother)
Children
  • Ying Yang
  • Ying Qu
FatherYing Feng
OccupationPolitician, writer, historian
Courtesy nameZhongyuan (仲瑗)

Ying Shao (140-206),[1] courtesy name Zhongyuan, was a Chinese politician, writer and historian who lived during the Eastern Han dynasty. He was an author of the Fengsu Tongyi, an encyclopedic work about the folk customs and legends that existed in the Eastern Han dynasty. Ying Shao occupied official posts in the Han government, and in his official position he was an active participant in imperial politics. He was a long-time close associate of Cao Cao, and in that connection he was extensively covered in volumes 9, 35, 71 and 103 of the historical text Book of the Later Han.

Life

Ying Shao was from Nandun County (南頓縣), Runan Commandery (汝南郡), which is located west of present-day Xiangcheng, Henan. In the early 190s, Ying Shao served as the Administrator of Taishan Commandery in Xu Province. He repelled an attack on his commandery by the remnants of the Yellow Turban rebels, recorded in the Book of the Later Han. In 193 and 194, the warlord Cao Cao attacked Xu Province to seek vengeance for the murder of his father Cao Song, thus Ying Shao fled from Taishan Commandery and took refuge under Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao. By the time Cao Cao defeated the Yuan family and conquered the Hebei region, Ying Shao was already dead. The interim events are given in two versions in Pei Songzhi's annotations to the Records of the Three Kingdoms, the Wei Jin Shiyu (魏晉世語) by Guo Song (郭頒), and Wei Zhao's Book of Wu (吳書).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol. 3 & 4): A Reference Guide, Part Three & Four. Brill. 22 September 2014. p. 1934. ISBN 978-90-04-27185-2.
  • Fan, Ye (5th century). Book of the Later Han (Houhanshu).
  • Nylan, Michael (1982), Ying Shao's Feng su t'ung yi: An Exploration of Problems in Han-Dynasty Political, Philosophical, and Social Unity (PhD dissertation), Princeton University.
  • Theobald, Ulrich (7 January 2014). "Ying Shao 應劭". ChinaKnowledge.de. Retrieved 6 October 2017.