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Yibin

Yibin

宜宾市
Location of Yibin City (jurisdiction) in Sichuan
Location of Yibin City (jurisdiction) in Sichuan
Yibin is located in China
Yibin
Yibin
Location in China
Coordinates (Yibin government): 28°45′07″N 104°38′35″E / 28.752°N 104.643°E / 28.752; 104.643
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Area
 • Prefecture-level city13,293.89 km2 (5,132.80 sq mi)
 • Urban
80 km2 (30 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,131 km2 (437 sq mi)
Elevation
321 m (1,053 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)[2]
 • Prefecture-level city4,471,896
 • Density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[3]
595,000
 • Urban density7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
836,340
 • Metro density740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
644000
Area code(s)0831
ISO 3166 codeCN-SC-15
Licence Plate Prefix川Q
Websiteyibin.gov.cn

Yibin (simplified Chinese: 宜宾; traditional Chinese: 宜賓; pinyin: Yíbīn; Wade–Giles: I-pin; Sichuanese Pinyin: nyi2bin1; Sichuanese pronunciation: [ɲi˨˩pin˥]) is a prefecture-level city in the southeastern part of Sichuan province, China, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers. Its population was 4,471,840 inhabitants according to the 2010 census of whom 836,340 lived in the built-up area made of Cuiping District.

History

Human habitation of Yibin dates back at least 4,000 years. Yibin was established as a county in the Han dynasty (206 BC − AD 220). Under the Ming and Qing, the town and its hinterland was known as Xuzhou Commandery (t 敘州, s 叙州, p Xùzhōufǔ), which was variously romanized as Suifu, Suifoo,[citation needed] and Suchow.[4] Its population around 1907 was estimated at 50,000.[5]

Geography and climate

The Yangtze at the confluence of the Min and Jinsha Rivers. Below Yibin, the Yangtze is known in Chinese as Chang Jiang or the "Long River". Above Yibin, the Yangtze is known as the Jinsha or Gold Sands River.

Yibin is located in the southeast portion of Sichuan at the southern end of the Sichuan Basin, bordering Zhaotong (Yunnan) to the south, Luzhou to the east, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture and Leshan to the west, and Zigong to the north, and has a total area is 13,283 square kilometres (5,129 sq mi). The city ranges in latitude from 27° 50'−29° 16' N, and in longitude from 103° 36'−105° 20' E, stretching 153 km (95 mi) east-west and 150 km (93 mi) north-south.

The city is located at the confluence of the Min and Yangtze Rivers. Above Yibin, the Yangtze is also known as the Jinsha River. Below Yibin, the Yangtze is known in Chinese as the Chang Jiang or "Long River."

As with the rest of the Sichuan Basin, Yibin has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with high humidity year-round; winters are short and mild while summers long, hot, and humid. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 7.9 °C (46.2 °F) in January to 26.9 °C (80.4 °F) in July and August; the annual mean is 18.03 °C (64.5 °F). Despite its location in the Yangtze River valley, it is still 1.5 to 2.0 °C (2.7 to 3.6 °F) cooler than Chongqing, located further downstream, in its warmest months. Frost is uncommon and the frost-free period lasts 347 days.[6] Rainfall is common year-round but is the greatest in July and August, with very little of it in the cooler months. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 10% in December and January to 42% in August, the city receives only 1,018 hours of bright sunshine annually; Yibin has one of the lowest annual sunshine totals nationally, lower than even nearby Chengdu and Chongqing. Spring (March–April) tends to be sunnier and warmer in the day than autumn (October–November).

Administrative divisions

Ethnic townships in South Sichuan: Yibin and Luzhou. Light green -Yi. Blue - miao.
Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Cuiping District 翠屏区 Cuìpíng Qū 836,383 1,123 745
Nanxi District 南溪区 Nánxī Qū 335,805 704 477
Xuzhou District 叙州区 Xùzhōu Qū 813,057 3,034 268
Jiang'an County 江安县 Jiāng'ān Xiàn 399,829 910 439
Changning County 长宁县 Chángníng Xiàn 340,016 975 349
Gao County 高县 Gāo Xiàn 411,118 1,323 310
Junlian County 筠连县 Jūnlián Xiàn 329,056 1,254 262
Gong County 珙县 Gǒng Xiàn 379,798 1,150 330
Xingwen County 兴文县 Xīngwén Xiàn 377,162 1,373 275
Pingshan County 屏山县 Píngshān Xiàn 249,777 1,437 174
翠屏山俯瞰
View of Yibin from Cuiping Mountain

Economy

The city's industry focuses on electronics, food products, and power generation. It also produces paper, silk, and leather products. The surrounding region is rich in agricultural resources, growing rice, barley, oil seeds, sesame, and tea.

The largest employer in Yibin is Wuliangye, a company best known for Wuliangye, a brand of sorghum-based distilled spirits known as baijiu. The Wuliangye Group grew from a small company employing just 300 people in 1977 into a large company employing over 20,000 on a seven square kilometer plant. According to an August 2005 article in a securities weekly, the Wuliangye Group is 72% state owned and provides 70% of the revenues of Yibin City, a major regional center at the head of the Yangtze in southeastern Sichuan. In 2004 6,225 retired military worked for the company, out of a total work force of over 20,000. One third of top management positions are held by retired members of the military.[8] Unsuccessful efforts to diversify its business, poor transparency and a murky ownership pictures are among the company's problems today.[9] However, liquor is not the sole product of the WuLiangye Group. It also provides the specialized high-tech anti-counterfeit packaging and printing business and engineering services. Wuliangye now contributes about 60% of Yibin's GDP.

Transportation

The region's natural waterways provide transportation links with the surrounding area, and Yibin is also connected to Chongqing and Chengdu by rail and express highway. Yibin's proximity to the Yunnan and Guizhou borders also means that transportation to the provinces is available by rail and by bus.

Yibin has three bridges over the Chang Jiang section of the Yangtze and ten bridges over the Jinsha.

Yibin Airport offers flights to Beijing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Kunming, Lhasa, Sanya, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Xi'an, and Yichang.

Tourism

There are several hot springs near Yibin, plus many other tourist attractions. Such attractions include the Bamboo Sea in Changning County and the Xingwen Stone Forest. Cuiping mountain in the centre of the city provides wonderful views of Yibin. Yibin is also the confluence of the Min and Jinsha Rivers, which together form the Chang Jiang as the Yangtze River is known in Chinese from Yibin to Shanghai.

The most significant scenic resource is Cuiping Mountain Park (Cuipingshan gongyuan,翠屏山公园), which stretches for hundreds of kilometers.

Yibin in Literature

Notes

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ "China: Administrative Division of Sìchuān / 四川省". citypopulation.de.
  3. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  4. ^ EB (1887).
  5. ^ EB (1911).
  6. ^ a b 宜宾 - 气象数据 -中国天气网. Weather China.
  7. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  8. ^ "An Army of Production Out of Uniform: Retired Soldiers at Wuliangye", PLA Daily July 29, 2004
  9. ^ "Stockholder Interests Poorly Represented, This is How Profits Slip Away," Bond Market Weekly, August 22, 2005
  10. ^ {{Cite web|url=[africa.chinadaily.com.cn] relishing Cao Wenxuan's latest novel {{!}. Books {{!}. chinadaily.com.cn|website=africa.chinadaily.com.cn |access-date=2018-10-07}}

References

External links