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Yato Dharma Tato Jaya

Yato Dharmastato Jaya is a Sanskrit shloka. The motto of Supreme Court of India is Yato Dharma Tato Jaya, which occurs a total of eleven times in the epic Mahabharata, and means "Where there is Dharma, there will be Victory".[1][2]

Meaning

The phrase comes from Sanskrit: यतः कृष्णस्ततो धर्मो यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः on the battlefield of Kurukshetra War when Arjuna is trying to shake the despondency of Yudhisthira.[3] He says that "victory is ensured for the side standing with Dharma, where Krishna is, there is victory".[4] It occurs again when Gandhari, the mother of Kauravas, having lost all her sons in the war, utters it with the intent: "Where there is Lord Krishna there is Dharma, and where there is Dharma there is Victory".[5]

Reference in Indian scriptures

The phrase is often complemented with another shloka in the Mahabharata which conveys, "Where there is Dharma, there is Krishna".[6] Dhritarashtra is warned using this phrase by Vyasa to discourage the unrighteous ways of his sons.[7] It again occurs in the Stri Parva of Hindu Itihasa Mahabharata.[8] It is also told by Bhisma to Duryodhana in Bhagavad Gita Parva. Yato Dharma Tato Jaya occurs a total of eleven times in the Mahabharata.[3]

In Vidura Niti, when Dhritarashtra is interacting with Vidura, he uses this phrase. He says, "though I know that victory lies on the path of Dharma, even then I cannot forsake my son Duryodhana".[9]

Dharma Viveka, a Sanskrit poem composed by Halayudhvi, ends with this phrase.[10]

In studies

In Bala Vihar, an educational activity for children, Chinmaya Mission uses this message to supplement the concept of Karma.[11] Scholar Alf Hiltebeitel takes this up in detail in his study of Dharma and Bhagwat Gita.[3] Before Alf, the scholar Sylvain Lévi is known to have studied this phrase in detail with varying interpretations.[3][12] In an article of the Indian Defence Review journal, it is characterized as "best sums up the Indian thought", here meaning, "If we are righteous, then victory will be ours [Indias]".[13] In the study of ethics, it is taken to convey that "ultimate victory is that of righteousness".[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Why Justices Broke the Code of Silence - Mumbai Mirror -". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  2. ^ Joseph, Kurian (2017). "यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः". Nyayapravah. XVI (63): 7.
  3. ^ a b c d Hiltebeitel, Alf (2011). Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 545547. ISBN 9780195394238.
  4. ^ Sharma, Rambilas (1999). Bhāratīya saṃskr̥ti aura Hindī-pradeśa (in Hindi). Kitabghar Prakashan. p. 352. ISBN 9788170164388.
  5. ^ "Mahabharata and the message it conveys to Protect Dharma". www.speakingtree.in.
  6. ^ Sharma, Arvind (2007). Essays on the Mahābhārata. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 409. ISBN 9788120827387.
  7. ^ Pandey, Kali Charan (2011). Ethics and Epics: Reflections on Indian Ethos. Readworthy. p. 20. ISBN 9789350180334.
  8. ^ The Mahábhárata: an epic poem (in Hindi). Education Committee's Press. 1837. p. 349.
  9. ^ Satyaketu. Vidur Neeti (in Hindi). Prabhat Prakashan. p. 108. ISBN 9789350481615.
  10. ^ Haeberlin, John (1847). Kavya-Sangraha: a sanscrit anthology (in Sanskrit). p. 506.
  11. ^ Yato Dharmah Tato Jayah. [chinmayahouston.org]: Chinmaya Mission. pp. Chapter 1.CS1 maint: location (link)
  12. ^ Lévi, Sylvain (1996). Mémorial Sylvain Lévi (in French). Motilal Banarsidass. p. 295. ISBN 9788120813434.
  13. ^ Verma, Bharat (15 January 2013). "Indian Defence Review: Jul-Sep 2010". Lancer Publishers: 32. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ Pandey, Kali Charan (2011). Ethics and Epics: Reflections on Indian Ethos. Readworthy. p. 19. ISBN 9789350180334.