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Yashwant Rao Holkar II

Yeshwant Rao Holkar II
Yashwant Rao Holkar II.jpg
HH Yeshwant Rao Holkar II
Maharaja Holkar of Indore
Reign26 February 1926 – 28 May 1948
Coronation11 March 1926, Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore
PredecessorTukojirao Holkar III
SuccessorMonarchy abolished, Indore merged into Madhya Bharat
Titular Maharaja Holkar of Indore
Pretendence28 May 1948 – 5 December 1961
SuccessorUsha Devi Holkar
Born(1908-09-06)6 September 1908
Indore, Indore State, British India
Died5 December 1961(1961-12-05) (aged 53)
Breach Candy Hospital, Bombay, India
SpouseMaharani Sanyogita Bai Holkar
Maharani Margaret Holkar
Maharani Euphemia Holkar
FatherTukojirao Holkar III
MotherChadrawati Bai Saheba

Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Yeshwant Rao II Holkar XIV Bahadur [1] (6 September 1908 – 5 December 1961) was the Maharaja of Indore (Holkar State) belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Marathas.


He was educated at the Cheam School, Charterhouse and Christ Church, Oxford.

He succeeded his father Tukojirao Holkar III, who abdicated in his favor on February 26, 1926. He was installed on the throne on 11 March 1926 under a regency council. He was invested with full powers on 9 May 1930 at the age of 20. On January 1, 1935 he was made a Knight of the Order of the Indian Empire. He established a legislative council for Indore state and created a cabinet with a prime minister and three ministers. British Resident of Indore, K.S. Fitze, remarked on the great amount of time Maharaja Yeshwant spent abroad. Christie's art director Amin Jaffer takes this to exemplify maharaja culture's turn to the West.[2]

On 11 August 1947 he signed the document of accession to India. Indore State was included in the Union of Madhya Bharat on May 28, 1948. He served as the second Rajpramukh of this new state until 31 October 1956. He then worked for the United Nations.

He died in a Mumbai Hospital on 5 December 1961.


In the year 1924 he married Maharani Shrimant Akhand Sahib Soubhagyavati Sanyogita Bai Holkar. Yeshwant Rao and his wife Maharani Sanyogita both studied in England.[3] In 1938 he married Margaret Lawler and after their divorce, married Euphemia Watt of Los Angeles.

He is survived by his two children - 1. HH Maharani Usha Raje of Indore (inherited the titles and rights). 2. Maharajkumar Shrimant Shivaji Rao Holkar of Indore (Prince Richard Holkar).

Titles, styles and honours

Titles and styles

  • 6 September 1908 – 26 September 1926: Yuvraj Shrimant Yeshwant Rao Holkar Bahadur, Yuvraj of Indore
  • 26 September 1926 – 1 January 1935: His Highness Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Yeshwant Rao II Holkar XIV Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore
  • 1 January 1935 – 15 October 1946: His Highness Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Yeshwant Rao II Holkar XIV Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCIE
  • 15 October 1946 – 5 December 1961: Major-General His Highness Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Yeshwant Rao II Holkar XIV Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCIE



Investiture of his Highness Maharaja Yeshwant Rao Holkar Bahadur of Indore 9 May 1930

(ribbon bar, as it would look today)

Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png Indian Independence medal 1947.svg


See also


  1. ^ a b c "The Holkar Dynasty". Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  2. ^ Jackson & Jaffer 2009, p. 202
  3. ^ Jackson & Jaffer 2009, p. 192

Other sources

External links

Yashwant Rao Holkar II
Born: 6 September 1908 Died: 5 December 1961
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tukojirao Holkar III
Maharaja Holkar of Indore
1926 - 1948
Monarchy Abolished
Titles in pretence
Monarchy Abolished
Maharaja Holkar of Indore
1948 - 1961
Succeeded by
Usha Devi Holkar