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Yanyuan County

Yanyuan County

盐源县 · ꋂꂿꑤ
Yanjing, the seat of Yanyuan
Yanjing, the seat of Yanyuan
Location of Yanyuan County (red) within Liangshan Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Location of Yanyuan County (red) within Liangshan Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Prefecture-level cityLiangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture
Area
 • Total8,388 km2 (3,239 sq mi)
Population
(2012)
356,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Yanyuan County (simplified Chinese: 盐源县; traditional Chinese: 鹽源縣; pinyin: Yányuán Xiàn; Yi: ꋂꂿꑤ ce mo xiep) is a county in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China, bordering Yunnan province to the west. The county is located in Sichuan's rugged Hengduan Mountains in southwest Sichuan, but the county seat of Yanjing (盐井镇) is situated in an unusually flat basin with a 30 km (19 mi) diameter.[1] Yanjing, as the county seat, is usually referred to as Yanyuan.

History

Yanyuan County was originally inhabited by the Yi people, but has since been incorporated into Han Chinese culture. The region has long been a source of salt for the Chinese and the name Yanyuan (盐源) literally means "Salt source". Until recently, Yanyuan was poorly connected with the rest of China by road. In the 2010s, a new tunnel was built through the mountains east of Yanyuan to connect the county with the prefecture capital of Xichang.

Geography

In the west, Yanyuan County encompasses the eastern shores of Lugu Lake, shared with Yunnan Province. To the north and east, Yanyuan is bordered by the Yalong River that cuts a deep gorge through the mountains. The Yalong forms a dramatic bend as it diverts around the Jinping Mountains in northern Yanyuan.

Yanyuan is composed of the 8 towns, 25 townships, and 1 ethnic township.[2]

Climate

References

  1. ^ Atlas of China. Beijing, China: SinoMaps Press. 2006. ISBN 9787503141782.
  2. ^ Sichuan Sheng Dituce. Beijing, China: Star Map Press. 2013. ISBN 9787547109151.
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.