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Yang Feng

Yang Feng
楊奉
General of Chariots and Cavalry
(車騎將軍)
In office
196 (196) – 196 (196)
MonarchEmperor Xian of Han
General Who Revives Righteousness
(興義將軍)
In office
195 (195) – 196 (196)
MonarchEmperor Xian of Han
Personal details
BornUnknown
Died197
OccupationGeneral

Yang Feng (died 197) was a military general who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.

Life

Yang Feng was a leader among the White Wave Bandits. Later, he became a subordinate of Li Jue.[1] In 192, Li Jue, Guo Si and other former followers of the warlord Dong Zhuo banded together and attacked the Han imperial capital, Chang'an, and seized control of the central government and the figurehead Emperor Xian.

In 195, when internal conflict broke out between Li Jue and Guo Si, the former took Emperor Xian hostage while the latter took the emperor's subjects hostage to threaten each other. During this time, Yang Feng and Song Guo (宋果), another of Li Jue's subordinates, plotted to assassinate their superior but failed and were forced to leave Chang'an. After three months, Zhang Ji managed to persuade Li Jue and Guo Si to make peace, and allow Emperor Xian to return to the old imperial capital, Luoyang.

Yang Feng was appointed as General Who Revives Righteousness (興義將軍), after which he joined Guo Si, Yang Ding (楊定) and Dong Cheng in escorting the emperor back to Luoyang. Just as they reached the vicinity of Xinfeng (新豐) and Baling (霸陵), Guo Si changed his mind and wanted to bring Emperor Xian to Mei County (郿縣) instead. The emperor fled to Yang Feng's camp for shelter. Yang Feng, Yang Ding and Dong Cheng protected the emperor when Guo Si tried to seize him back. Guo Si retreated after his defeat, while the emperor resumed his journey to Luoyang under Yang Feng's protection.

Later in 195, Li Jue and Guo Si regretted their earlier decision to let Emperor Xian leave Chang'an, so they led their troops to pursue the emperor. Yang Feng led his troops to fight Li Jue and Guo Si but lost. He then summoned the White Wave Bandits, led by Li Le (李樂), Han Xian, Hu Cai (胡才) and others, to come to Emperor Xian's aid. Xiongnu forces led by Qubei (去卑) also responded to the call and came to help Emperor Xian.[2] They continued on their journey towards Luoyang after that. Li Jue quickly returned with more troops and defeated Yang Feng and killed several officials who fled with Emperor Xian. The emperor escaped across the Yellow River and reached Anyi (安邑).

Around August 196, Emperor Xian returned to Luoyang under the escort of Yang Feng and Dong Cheng. In recognition of their contributions, he appointed Yang Feng as General of Chariots and Cavalry (車騎將軍) and ordered him to garrison at Liang State (梁國). Around the same time, the warlord Cao Cao led his forces into Luoyang, found Emperor Xian, and escorted him to his base in Xu (許; present-day Xuchang, Henan), which became the new imperial capital. Yang Feng tried to stop Cao Cao but could not catch up in time.

After having Emperor Xian and the new central government firmly under his control, Cao Cao led his troops to attack Yang Feng in November 196 and defeated him. Xu Huang, one of Yang Feng's subordinates, surrendered and became a general under Cao Cao. While Yang Feng fled south to join the warlord Yuan Shu, Cao Cao proceeded to conquer Liang State (Yang Feng's previous base).[3] After joining Yuan Shu, Yang Feng and Han Xian pillaged and looted several counties in Yang and Xu provinces.

In 197, Yuan Shu wanted to declare himself emperor and desired to have a neighbouring warlord, Lü Bu, as an ally, so he proposed a marriage between his son and Lü Bu's daughter. However, Lü Bu rejected the proposal after listening to Chen Gui's advice. In anger, Yuan Shu ordered his general Zhang Xun (張勳), with Yang Feng and Han Xian as his subordinates, to lead troops to attack Lü Bu. Lü Bu heeded Chen Gui's suggestion and managed to induce Yang Feng and Han Xian to turn against Yuan Shu. Yang Feng and Han Xian then joined Lü Bu in attacking Yuan Shu's forces, led by Zhang Xun, and defeated the enemy. After driving back Zhang Xun, Yang Feng and Han Xian led their men to pillage several territories until Zhongli (鍾離) before turning back. Later in 197, the warlord Liu Bei lured Yang Feng into a trap under the guise of a meeting and killed him.

See also

References

  1. ^ (傕將楊奉本白波賊帥, ...) Houhanshu vol. 72.
  2. ^ (李傕、郭汜既悔令天子東,乃來救段煨,因欲劫帝而西, ... 而張濟與楊奉、董承不相平,乃反合傕、汜,共追乘輿,大戰於弘農東澗。承、奉軍敗,百官士卒死者不可勝數,皆棄其婦女輜重,御物符策典籍,略無所遺。 ... 天子遂露次曹陽。承、奉乃譎傕等與連和,而密遣閒使至河東,招故白波帥李樂、韓暹、胡才及南匈奴右賢王去卑,並率其眾數千騎來,與承、奉共擊傕等,大破之,斬首數千級,乘輿乃得進。董承、李樂擁衛左右,胡才、楊奉、韓暹、去卑為後距。傕等復來戰,奉等大敗,死者甚於東澗。) Houhanshu vol. 72.
  3. ^ (天子之東也,奉自梁欲要之,不及。冬十月,公征奉,奉南奔袁術,遂攻其梁屯,拔之。) Sanguozhi vol. 1.