|Reign||1143 – 1164|
|Successor||Melik Mücahid Gazi|
Çankırı, Sultanate of Rum, now Turkey
After Alp Arslan of Seljukids defeated the Byzantine army in the battle of Manzikert in 1071, a series of Turkmen beyliks (principalities) were formed in Anatolia before Anatolia was united by the Sultanate of Rum. Danishmends was one of the most important ones. Following the First Crusade they dominated even on the Seljukids.
Yağıbasan was the grandson of Gazi Gümüshtigin and son of Emir Gazi. Emir Gazi died in 1146 in Kayseri. His elder son Zinnun succeeded him. However, he was derecognized by Yağıbasan who was residing in Sivas. After a further partition by a third brother in Malatya, the Danishment power began to decline. Mesut I of the Seljuks saw his chance to end the Danishmend dominance in Anatolia. He captured Sivas and in 1150 Yağıbasan agreed to be a vassal of the Seljuks.
In 1155, Mesut died and was succeeded by Kılıç Arslan II. Yağıbasan allied himself with the other Danishmend rulers and attacked Kılıç Arslan to gain the former status of the beylik. But in the battle of Aksaray he was defeated. Nevertheless, soon with the help of the Byzantine Empire, he was able to capture Elbistan from the Seljuks. He continued his campaigns and plundered several forts of the Artukids. By this policy he was caught in between the Seljuks and the Artukids. But, Seljuks of Syria reconciled them.
Yağıbasan died in 1164. He was succeeded by Melik Mucahid Gazi.
| Melik of the Danishmends
Melik Mücahid Gazi