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Yōwa ( was a 養和) Japanese era name ( after 年号, , lit. "year name") nengō, and before Jishō This period spanned the years from July 1181 through May 1182. Juei. The reigning emperor was  Antoku -tennō (. 安徳天皇)
Change of era
1181 Yōwa gannen (: The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in 養和元年) Jishō 5, on the 14th day of the 7th month of 1181. 
Events of the Yōwa era
1181 ( Yōwa 1, 25th day of the 11th month): Tokuko, former consort of the late Emperor Takakura, adopts the name of Kenreimon-in.  1181 ( Yōwa 1): A famine that lasts for two years blights this era. 
^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "
Yōwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1064, at , p. 1064 Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834).
Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 200-207; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 333-334; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 214-215.
^ Brown, p. 333.
^ Kitagawa, H. (1975).
The Tale of the Heike, p. 783.
^ Kamo no Chōmei. (1212).