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Xintai

Xintai
新泰市
County-level city
山东新泰协庄村外村 - panoramio.jpg
Xintai in Tai'an
Xintai in Tai'an
Xintai is located in Shandong
Xintai
Xintai
Location of the city center in Shandong
Coordinates: 35°54′32″N 117°46′05″E / 35.909°N 117.768°E / 35.909; 117.768
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
Prefecture-level city Tai'an
Area[1]
 • Total 1,933 km2 (746 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,315,942
 • Density 680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Website www.xintai.gov.cn

Xintai (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xīntài) is a county-level city in the central part of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is the easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Tai'an and is located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the southeast of downtown Tai'an.

Climate

Xintai lies in the north temperate zone with a monsoon climate. The average annual temperatures is 13℃。[citation needed]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19961,280,000—    
20001,344,395+1.23%
20101,315,942−0.21%
[2]

History

Xintai has a long history dating back to the origins of the Chinese civilisation. In 1966, scientists concluded that a homo teeth fossil found in Xintai's Wuzhutai village belonged to a female teenager and that homo erectus were already living in the area five million years ago. Moreover, many primitive social sites belonging to ancient cultures were found on both sides of the Chaiwen River after archaeological excavations, such as the Dawenkou, Longshan and Yueshi cultures. This proves that the ancient Chinese had already created a prelude to the Oriental human civilisation in Xintai some four or five thousand years ago.[citation needed] In the Shang and Zhou dynasties, Xintai served as the capital of the Qi (杞) state. In 219 BC, Qin Shi Huang held a ceremony at Mount Liangfu. Emperor Wu and Emperor Guangwu of the Han dynasty also held similar ceremonies in Xintai. Besides, there were numerous famous Chinese people from Xintai, such as peace activist Liu Xiahui and musician Shi Kuang. Xintai's beautiful scenery is also a source of attraction for many celebrities and poets.[citation needed]

In the early Qing dynasty, in order to improve transport between north and south China, the Yongzheng Emperor ordered the construction of a new connecting road. After Yangliu station was set up, Xintai became an important centre of transport between the north and south.[3]

In August 2007, the Shandong coal mine flood killed 181 miners.[4]

Economy

Xintai is an important area of production of foods, vegetables and petroleum. There are about 1,600 million tons of coal deposits, other mineral deposits include quartz, limestone and clay. The industrial structure of Xintai is centered on energy, building materials, machines and chemical engineering. There are more than 1,000 corporations of industry and mining.[citation needed]

Transport

The Cilai railway runs through the city. The Jinghu and the Boxu expressways converge there.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b 新泰市历史沿革 (in Chinese). xzqh.org. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  2. ^ "新泰市历史沿革" (in Chinese). xzqh.org. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  3. ^ "[转载]新泰历史_羊氏文史考古_新浪博客". blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-10-27.
  4. ^ LA times. "LA times." Hope dim for Chinese miners. Retrieved on 2008-09-15.

External links