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Xiantao

Xiantao
仙桃市
County-level & Sub-prefectural city
Xiantao West Railway Station 仙桃西站
Location of Xiantao City jurisdiction in Hubei
Location of Xiantao City jurisdiction in Hubei
Xiantao is located in Hubei
Xiantao
Xiantao
Location of the city centre in Hubei
Coordinates: 30°22′N 113°27′E / 30.367°N 113.450°E / 30.367; 113.450
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Area
 • Urban[1] 91 km2 (35 sq mi)
Elevation 31 m (101 ft)
Population (2005)
 • County-level & Sub-prefectural city 240,000
 • Urban (2018)[2] 595,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website 仙桃市人民政府门户网站 (translation: Xiantao City People's Government Web Portal) (in Simplified Chinese)

Xiantao (Chinese: 仙桃; pinyin: Xiāntáo) is a sub-prefecture-level city in east of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Located at the Jianghan Plain in the middle of Hubei province and spanning 112°55'–113°49' east longitude and 30°04'–30°32' north latitude, Xiantao City covers an area of 2,538 km2 (980 sq mi). Xiantao is the hometown of author Chi Li.

History

Xiantao was known as Mianyang (simplified Chinese: 沔阳; traditional Chinese: 沔陽; pinyin: Miǎnyáng) until 1986.[3]

Geography

It is close to the provincial capital of Wuhan, and only one hour drive from the Wuhan Tianhe International Airport, Hankou Railway Station and Changjiang—Wuhan Port. The G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway running and the G42 Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway cross near Xiantao city.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions

Xiantao administers:[4][5][6]

# Name (Standard Mandarin) Chinese (S) Pinyin Romanization
Subdistricts
1 Shazui Subdistrict 沙嘴街道[7] Shāzuǐ Jiēdào
2 Ganhe Subdistrict 干河街道 Gān/Gànhé Jiēdào
3 Longhuashan Subdistrict 龙华山街道 Lónghuáshān Jiēdào
Towns
4 Zhengchang Town 郑场镇 Zhèngcháng/chǎng Zhèn
5 Maozui Town 毛嘴镇 Máozuǐ Zhèn
6 Louhe Town 剅河 (豆河镇) Lóuhé Zhèn
7 Sanfutan Town Dog days Pond 三伏潭镇 Sānfú Zhèn
8 Huchang Town 胡场镇 Húcháng/chǎng Zhèn
9 Changtangkou Town 长埫口镇 (长倘口镇) Chángtǎngkǒu[8] Zhèn
10 Xiliuhe Town 西流河镇 Xīliúhé Zhèn
11 Shahu Town Sand Lake 沙湖镇 Shāhú Zhèn
12 Yanglinwei Town 杨林尾镇 Yánglínwěi Zhèn
13 Pengchang Town 彭场镇 Péngcháng/chǎng Zhèn
14 Zhanggou Town 张沟镇 Zhānggōu Zhèn
15 Guohe Town Guo River 郭河镇 Guōhé Zhèn
16 Miancheng Huizu Town 沔城回族镇 Miǎnchéng Huízú Zhèn
17 Tonghaikou Town 通海口镇 Tōnghǎikǒu Zhèn
18 Chenchang Town 陈场镇 Chéncháng/chǎng Zhèn
Other Areas
19 Xiantao Industrial Park Zone 仙桃工业园区 Xiāntáo Gōngyè Yuánqū
20 Jiuheyuan Seed Stock Station 九合垸原种场 Jiǔhéyuàn Yuánzhǒngcháng/chǎng
21 Shahu Seed Stock Station Sand Lake 沙湖原种场 Shāhú Yuánzhǒngcháng/chǎng
22 Paihu Scenic Area Pai Lake 排湖风景区 Páihú Yuánzhǒngcháng/chǎng
23 Wuhu Fishery Five Lake 五湖渔场 Wǔhú Yúchǎng
24 Zhaoxiyuan Forestry Area 赵西垸林场 Zhàoxīyuàn Línchǎng
25 Liujiayuan Forestry Area Liu Family Dyke 刘家垸林场 Liújiāyuàn Línchǎng
26 Chuqinliang Seed Stock Station 畜禽良种场 Chùqínliáng Yuánzhǒngcháng/chǎng

Demographics

As of 2006, the population of Xiantao was 1,480,100.[9] Of this, the urban population was 593,500 and the rural population was 886,600.[citation needed] As of 2016, the population of Xiantao was 1.5635 million.[10]

Sports

Xiantao has been described as a "Gymnastics town", because it has cultivated several gymnastics champions, such as Li Xiaoshuang, Li Dashuang, and Yang Wei.[citation needed]

Transportation

Famous People

Person Brief Introduction
Chen Youliang The peasant uprising leader at the end of Yuan Dynasty, Emperor "Dahan"
Li Xiaoshuang Gymnast
Li Dashuang Gymnast
Yang Wei Gymnast
Liao Hui Weightlifter, Men's Weightlifting 69kg Championship at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games
Lei Jun Founder, Chairman and CEO of Xiaomi Inc
Chi Li Famous writer, winner of the Lu Xun prize for Literature

References

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22. 
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22. 
  3. ^ 辭海第六版 [Cihai (Sixth Edition).]. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. September 2009. p. 1575. ISBN 9787532628599. 1986年撤销,改设仙桃市。 
  4. ^ 仙桃市人大信息网--人事任免 (in Simplified Chinese). Xiantao NPC Office (仙桃市人大常委会办公室). Retrieved 27 December 2017. 郑场 毛嘴 剅河 三伏潭 胡场 长埫口 西流河 彭场 沙湖 杨林尾 张沟 郭河 沔城 通海口 陈场 干河 龙华山 沙嘴 工业园 高新区 沙原 九合垸 排湖风景区 
  5. ^ 仙桃市历史沿革 [translation: The Historical Development of Xiaotao City] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH (行政区划网站). 6 August 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 2010年第六次人口普查,仙桃市常住总人口1175085人,其中:沙嘴街道72590人,干河街道147528人,龙华山办事处104160人,郑场镇45198人,毛嘴镇57563人,剅河镇61822人,三伏潭镇52571人,胡场镇54476人,长倘口镇74671人,西流河镇72471人,沙湖镇32465人,杨林尾镇57492人,彭场镇82724人,张沟镇58965人,郭河镇46312人,沔城回族镇17140人,通海口镇44935人,陈场镇55041人,仙桃工业园20070人,九合垸原种场3922人,沙湖原种场6784人,排湖渔场1748人,五湖渔场2049人,赵西垸林场429人,刘家垸林场1027人,畜禽良种场932人。 
  6. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:仙桃市 (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2018. 统计用区划代码 名称 429004001000 沙嘴街道办事处 429004002000 干河街道办事处 429004003000 龙华山办事处 429004100000 郑场镇 429004101000 毛嘴镇 429004102000 豆河镇 429004103000 三伏潭镇 429004104000 胡场镇 429004105000 长倘口镇 429004106000 西流河镇 429004107000 沙湖镇 429004108000 杨林尾镇 429004109000 彭场镇 429004110000 张沟镇 429004111000 郭河镇 429004112000 沔城回族镇 429004113000 通海口镇 429004114000 陈场镇 429004400000 工业园区 429004401000 九合垸原种场 429004402000 沙湖原种场 429004404000 五湖渔场 429004405000 赵西垸林场 429004407000 畜禽良种场 429004408000 排湖风景区 
  7. ^ [shazui.cnxiantao.com]
  8. ^ 长倘口镇[sic] (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH (行政区划网站). 1 August 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2017. 长倘口镇[sic]{...}【概况】[Chángtǎngkǒu]仙桃市辖镇。{...}于是改名成“长埫口”{...} 
  9. ^ 辭海第六版. [Cihai (Sixth Edition)]. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. September 2009. p. 2479. ISBN 9787532628599. 人口148万(2006年)。 
  10. ^ 仙桃市2016年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. 仙桃市人民政府.2017-07-10