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World Federation of United Nations Associations

World Federation of United Nations Associations
WFUNA logo pos 2c RGB.jpg
WFUNA logo
WFUNA flag new.pdf
Flag of WFUNA
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Earth
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Offices of the WFUNA Secretariat
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Europe
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Offices of the WFUNA Secretariat in Europe
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in North America
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Offices of the WFUNA Secretariat in north America
AbbreviationWFUNA, FMANU
MottoGlobal Citizens for a stronger United Nations
Formation2 August 1946; 73 years ago (1946-08-02)
HeadquartersNew York, USA - Geneva, Switzerland
Official language
English, French
President
Leonel Fernández Reyna Dominican Republic
Secretary-General
Bonian Golmohammadi Sweden
Key people
Jan Masaryk, Hans Blix, Eleanor Roosevelt, Arthur Ross
Websitewfuna.org
Remarks"WFUNA connects the United Nations to the people—and now, more than ever before, engaged global citizens shape history." Ban Ki Moon, Former Secretary-General, United Nations, April 2016

The World Federation of United Nations Associations (WFUNA) (French: Fédération Mondiale des Associations pour les Nations Unies - FMANU) was founded in 1946 as a Federation of national associations. Its obectives are to promote the values of the UN Charter, defend multilateralism, work towards a better United Nations Organisation and raise awareness on the main pillars of work of the United Nations - peace and security, sustainable development, and human rights.

WFUNA is a international non-governmental organization with Consultative Status at the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and consultative or liaison links with many other UN organizations and agencies. As a Federation, its membership is made of 95 United Nations Associations (UNAs) in as many member states of the UN.

WFUNA is the largest non-profit organization with the mission of supporting the principles and purposes of the UN.

History

The basis for the existence of a people's movement in favor of a global intergovernmental organisation was set by the International Federation of League of Nations Societies (French: Union internationale des associations pour la Société des Nations) which ceased operations in 1939.[1]

WFUNA was founded in Luxembourg on 2 August 1946[2] by 22 national United Nations Associations (UNAs). The Constitution they adopted proclaims that:

"We the representatives of the United Nations Associations in our respective countries,

Believing that since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be constructed, and

Believing that the peace must be founded, if it is not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of all peoples,

Have resolved to combine our efforts to form an association of the peoples to be known as the World Federation of United Nations Associations."[3]

Over the years, UNAs have been established in more UN member-States especially as new countries were formed and joined the UN.

Eleanor Roosevelt was an active participant in WFUNA and one of the leading figures in its creation.[4]

In practical terms, WFUNA played a crucial role by helping people in those countries where human rights were violated, such as Franco's Spain, some of the former communist countries in Eastern Europe and in the Middle East. WFUNA brought together people of divided countries – such as East and West Germany and Cyprus, and the opponents in conflicts, for example between Israel and Egypt in the late 1960s.

WFUNA helped promote "Security and Co-operation in Europe" (CSCE) by holding in 1967 the first conference on this topic. Other NGOs followed WFUNA's campaign which continued until 1975 when the Final Act was signed at Helsinki by 35 governments, including United States and Canada, establishing the CSCE process. Further campaigning led in 1994 to the CSCE process that consisted of a Biennial Review Conference being raised to a Permanent Organization (OSCE).

WFUNA, including its African UNA members, made significant contributions to the NGO campaign for the abolition of Apartheid. The 32nd General Assembly of the UN, in 1977, received a resolution from the 117th WFUNA Executive Committee meeting, which requested:

"The Security Council of the UN to give urgent consideration to the taking of immediate steps to ensure that no State, multinational or other body or person be allowed to provide South Africa or Rhodesia with any equipment, technology or production of nuclear weapons of any kind".

WFUNA facilitated high-level informal consultations on disarmament issues between key experts of the US and USSR during the Cold War. It organized a number of NGO Seminars on disarmament in cooperation with the UN, UNESCO and other NGOs.

During its history, WFUNA has served as a forum for global dialogues on development. Several suggestions, like the establishment of an Economic Commission for Africa, were first adopted at the WFUNA Plenary Assemblies and then endorsed by governments.


WFUNA has actively supported reform of the UN and its capacity to meet new tasks and challenges. WFUNA has continually received recognition from the highest ranks of the UN. The sentiments in this statement by UN Secretary-General, Dag Hammerskjöld, to WFUNA's 12th Plenary Assembly were shared by his successors: "I wish... to express my appreciation of your most essential service. At the same time, I wish to urge you to fresh endeavors. Over the years you have accomplished much and have acted with an ever increasing sense of your great responsibilities."

For many years WFUNA conducted a fund raising program based on the sale of first day covers of UN stamps and lithographs produced by artists and celebrities, such as Picasso, Lou Zheng Jang, Miró, Salvador Dalí, Ruben Leyva, Al Hirschfeld and Andy Warhol to promote the ideals of the UN. This highly successful program ran for several decades during the 20th century.

The UN General Assembly has adopted several resolutions expressing appreciation for WFUNA's efforts to support the values of the UN. In 1986 resolution 41/68 recognizes WFUNA as "the only non-profit that is entirely dedicated to mobilize popular support for the goals and principles of the United Nations" and asks for "all governments to help WFUNA" in its actions. In 2013, resolution 64/86 commends the World Federation of United Nations Associations and its United Nations associations for the valuable contributions they have made, and calls for continued collaboration between the World Federation and the Department of Public Information in support of their complementary objectives". In 2015, resolution 70/93 recalls resolution 41/68.

Leadership

Leonel Fernandez and WFUNA's Leadership on the day of his election, 20 October 2018
Nr Director Country Term
Leonel Fernandez  Dominican Republic 20 November 2018 – present
Park Soo-gil  South Korea 11 August 2009 – 20 November 2018
Hans Blix  Sweden 2006 – 11 August 2009

Membership and Network

There are currently 92 UN Associations connecting hundreds of thousands of people to the United Nations. UNAs at the national level mainly play a role in:

Map of the current United Nations Associations
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Earth
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Bern
Bern
Brussels
Brussels
Ottawa
Ottawa
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Havana
Havana
Mexico City
Mexico City
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Kingston
Managua
Managua
Caracas
Caracas
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Bogotá
Bogotá
Quito
Quito
Brasília
Brasília
Santiago
Santiago
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Reykjavik
Reykjavik
Oslo
Oslo
Stockholm
Stockholm
Helsinki
Helsinki
Tallinn
Tallinn
Moscow
Moscow
Vilnius
Vilnius
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
London
London
Berlin
Berlin
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Paris
Paris
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
Vienna
Vienna
Bratislava
Bratislava
Budapest
Budapest
Bucharest
Bucharest
Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Belgrade
Belgrade
Sofia
Sofia
Athens
Athens
Ankara
Ankara
Tirana
Tirana
Rome
Rome
Podgorica
Podgorica
Madrid
Madrid
Tunis
Tunis
Rabat
Rabat
Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Yerevan
Yerevan
Nicosia
Nicosia
Beirut
Beirut
Damascus
Damascus
Amman
Amman
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Cairo
Cairo
Khartoum
Khartoum
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Juba
Juba
Kampala
Kampala
Dodoma
Dodoma
Kigali
Kigali
N'Djamena
N'Djamena
Abuja
Abuja
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
Lomé
Lomé
Accra
Accra
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Monrovia
Monrovia
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Malabo
Malabo
São Tomé
São Tomé
Kinshasa
Kinshasa
Port Louis
Port Louis
Harare
Harare
Windhoek
Windhoek
Gaborone
Gaborone
Cape Town
Cape Town
Tehran
Tehran
Islamabad
Islamabad
New Delhi
New Delhi
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Dhaka
Dhaka
Colombo
Colombo
Beijing
Beijing
Seoul
Seoul
Tokyo
Tokyo
Manila
Manila
Bangkok
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore
Singapore
Jakarta
Jakarta
Sydney
Sydney
Wellington
Wellington
Each dot represents one national UNA
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Europe
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Bern
Bern
Brussels
Brussels
Ottawa
Ottawa
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Havana
Havana
Mexico City
Mexico City
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Kingston
Managua
Managua
Caracas
Caracas
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Bogotá
Bogotá
Quito
Quito
Brasília
Brasília
Santiago
Santiago
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Reykjavik
Reykjavik
Oslo
Oslo
Stockholm
Stockholm
Helsinki
Helsinki
Tallinn
Tallinn
Moscow
Moscow
Vilnius
Vilnius
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
London
London
Berlin
Berlin
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Paris
Paris
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
Vienna
Vienna
Bratislava
Bratislava
Budapest
Budapest
Bucharest
Bucharest
Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Belgrade
Belgrade
Sofia
Sofia
Athens
Athens
Ankara
Ankara
Tirana
Tirana
Rome
Rome
Podgorica
Podgorica
Madrid
Madrid
Tunis
Tunis
Rabat
Rabat
Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Yerevan
Yerevan
Nicosia
Nicosia
Beirut
Beirut
Damascus
Damascus
Amman
Amman
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Cairo
Cairo
Khartoum
Khartoum
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Juba
Juba
Kampala
Kampala
Dodoma
Dodoma
Kigali
Kigali
N'Djamena
N'Djamena
Abuja
Abuja
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
Lomé
Lomé
Accra
Accra
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Monrovia
Monrovia
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Malabo
Malabo
São Tomé
São Tomé
Kinshasa
Kinshasa
Port Louis
Port Louis
Harare
Harare
Windhoek
Windhoek
Gaborone
Gaborone
Cape Town
Cape Town
Tehran
Tehran
Islamabad
Islamabad
New Delhi
New Delhi
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Dhaka
Dhaka
Colombo
Colombo
Beijing
Beijing
Seoul
Seoul
Tokyo
Tokyo
Manila
Manila
Bangkok
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore
Singapore
Jakarta
Jakarta
Sydney
Sydney
Wellington
Wellington
Map of the current United Nations Associations in Europe
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in North America
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Bern
Bern
Brussels
Brussels
Ottawa
Ottawa
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Havana
Havana
Mexico City
Mexico City
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Kingston
Managua
Managua
Caracas
Caracas
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Bogotá
Bogotá
Quito
Quito
Brasília
Brasília
Santiago
Santiago
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Reykjavik
Reykjavik
Oslo
Oslo
Stockholm
Stockholm
Helsinki
Helsinki
Tallinn
Tallinn
Moscow
Moscow
Vilnius
Vilnius
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
London
London
Berlin
Berlin
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Paris
Paris
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
Vienna
Vienna
Bratislava
Bratislava
Budapest
Budapest
Bucharest
Bucharest
Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Belgrade
Belgrade
Sofia
Sofia
Athens
Athens
Ankara
Ankara
Tirana
Tirana
Rome
Rome
Podgorica
Podgorica
Madrid
Madrid
Tunis
Tunis
Rabat
Rabat
Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Yerevan
Yerevan
Nicosia
Nicosia
Beirut
Beirut
Damascus
Damascus
Amman
Amman
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Cairo
Cairo
Khartoum
Khartoum
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Juba
Juba
Kampala
Kampala
Dodoma
Dodoma
Kigali
Kigali
N'Djamena
N'Djamena
Abuja
Abuja
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
Lomé
Lomé
Accra
Accra
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Monrovia
Monrovia
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Malabo
Malabo
São Tomé
São Tomé
Kinshasa
Kinshasa
Port Louis
Port Louis
Harare
Harare
Windhoek
Windhoek
Gaborone
Gaborone
Cape Town
Cape Town
Tehran
Tehran
Islamabad
Islamabad
New Delhi
New Delhi
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Dhaka
Dhaka
Colombo
Colombo
Beijing
Beijing
Seoul
Seoul
Tokyo
Tokyo
Manila
Manila
Bangkok
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore
Singapore
Jakarta
Jakarta
Sydney
Sydney
Wellington
Wellington
Map of the current United Nations Associations in North America
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Asia
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Bern
Bern
Brussels
Brussels
Ottawa
Ottawa
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Havana
Havana
Mexico City
Mexico City
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Kingston
Managua
Managua
Caracas
Caracas
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Bogotá
Bogotá
Quito
Quito
Brasília
Brasília
Santiago
Santiago
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Reykjavik
Reykjavik
Oslo
Oslo
Stockholm
Stockholm
Helsinki
Helsinki
Tallinn
Tallinn
Moscow
Moscow
Vilnius
Vilnius
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
London
London
Berlin
Berlin
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Paris
Paris
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
Vienna
Vienna
Bratislava
Bratislava
Budapest
Budapest
Bucharest
Bucharest
Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Belgrade
Belgrade
Sofia
Sofia
Athens
Athens
Ankara
Ankara
Tirana
Tirana
Rome
Rome
Podgorica
Podgorica
Madrid
Madrid
Tunis
Tunis
Rabat
Rabat
Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Yerevan
Yerevan
Nicosia
Nicosia
Beirut
Beirut
Damascus
Damascus
Amman
Amman
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Cairo
Cairo
Khartoum
Khartoum
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Juba
Juba
Kampala
Kampala
Dodoma
Dodoma
Kigali
Kigali
N'Djamena
N'Djamena
Abuja
Abuja
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
Lomé
Lomé
Accra
Accra
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Monrovia
Monrovia
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Malabo
Malabo
São Tomé
São Tomé
Kinshasa
Kinshasa
Port Louis
Port Louis
Harare
Harare
Windhoek
Windhoek
Gaborone
Gaborone
Cape Town
Cape Town
Tehran
Tehran
Islamabad
Islamabad
New Delhi
New Delhi
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Dhaka
Dhaka
Colombo
Colombo
Beijing
Beijing
Seoul
Seoul
Tokyo
Tokyo
Manila
Manila
Bangkok
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore
Singapore
Jakarta
Jakarta
Sydney
Sydney
Wellington
Wellington
Map of the current United Nations Associations in South America
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Africa
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Bern
Bern
Brussels
Brussels
Ottawa
Ottawa
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Havana
Havana
Mexico City
Mexico City
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Kingston
Managua
Managua
Caracas
Caracas
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Bogotá
Bogotá
Quito
Quito
Brasília
Brasília
Santiago
Santiago
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Reykjavik
Reykjavik
Oslo
Oslo
Stockholm
Stockholm
Helsinki
Helsinki
Tallinn
Tallinn
Moscow
Moscow
Vilnius
Vilnius
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
London
London
Berlin
Berlin
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Paris
Paris
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
Vienna
Vienna
Bratislava
Bratislava
Budapest
Budapest
Bucharest
Bucharest
Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Belgrade
Belgrade
Sofia
Sofia
Athens
Athens
Ankara
Ankara
Tirana
Tirana
Rome
Rome
Podgorica
Podgorica
Madrid
Madrid
Tunis
Tunis
Rabat
Rabat
Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Yerevan
Yerevan
Nicosia
Nicosia
Beirut
Beirut
Damascus
Damascus
Amman
Amman
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Cairo
Cairo
Khartoum
Khartoum
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Juba
Juba
Kampala
Kampala
Dodoma
Dodoma
Kigali
Kigali
N'Djamena
N'Djamena
Abuja
Abuja
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
Lomé
Lomé
Accra
Accra
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Monrovia
Monrovia
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Malabo
Malabo
São Tomé
São Tomé
Kinshasa
Kinshasa
Port Louis
Port Louis
Harare
Harare
Windhoek
Windhoek
Gaborone
Gaborone
Cape Town
Cape Town
Tehran
Tehran
Islamabad
Islamabad
New Delhi
New Delhi
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Dhaka
Dhaka
Colombo
Colombo
Beijing
Beijing
Seoul
Seoul
Tokyo
Tokyo
Manila
Manila
Bangkok
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore
Singapore
Jakarta
Jakarta
Sydney
Sydney
Wellington
Wellington
Map of the current United Nations Associations in Asia
World Federation of United Nations Associations is located in Oceania
New York
New York
Geneva
Geneva
Brussels
Brussels
Seoul
Seoul
Bern
Bern
Brussels
Brussels
Ottawa
Ottawa
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Havana
Havana
Mexico City
Mexico City
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Kingston
Managua
Managua
Caracas
Caracas
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Bogotá
Bogotá
Quito
Quito
Brasília
Brasília
Santiago
Santiago
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Reykjavik
Reykjavik
Oslo
Oslo
Stockholm
Stockholm
Helsinki
Helsinki
Tallinn
Tallinn
Moscow
Moscow
Vilnius
Vilnius
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
London
London
Berlin
Berlin
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Paris
Paris
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City
Vienna
Vienna
Bratislava
Bratislava
Budapest
Budapest
Bucharest
Bucharest
Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Belgrade
Belgrade
Sofia
Sofia
Athens
Athens
Ankara
Ankara
Tirana
Tirana
Rome
Rome
Podgorica
Podgorica
Madrid
Madrid
Tunis
Tunis
Rabat
Rabat
Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Yerevan
Yerevan
Nicosia
Nicosia
Beirut
Beirut
Damascus
Damascus
Amman
Amman
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Cairo
Cairo
Khartoum
Khartoum
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Juba
Juba
Kampala
Kampala
Dodoma
Dodoma
Kigali
Kigali
N'Djamena
N'Djamena
Abuja
Abuja
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Porto-Novo
Porto-Novo
Lomé
Lomé
Accra
Accra
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Monrovia
Monrovia
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Malabo
Malabo
São Tomé
São Tomé
Kinshasa
Kinshasa
Port Louis
Port Louis
Harare
Harare
Windhoek
Windhoek
Gaborone
Gaborone
Cape Town
Cape Town
Tehran
Tehran
Islamabad
Islamabad
New Delhi
New Delhi
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Dhaka
Dhaka
Colombo
Colombo
Beijing
Beijing
Seoul
Seoul
Tokyo
Tokyo
Manila
Manila
Bangkok
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore
Singapore
Jakarta
Jakarta
Sydney
Sydney
Wellington
Wellington
Map of the current United Nations Associations in Oceania
  • Disseminating information and educational materials about the importance of multilateralism and the UN
  • Lobbying the government, political parties and interest groups
  • Conducting Model UN conferences
  • Stimulating the media to provide frequent and accurate coverage of the UN and its programs
  • Facilitating the engagement of citizens of UN member-States in favour of the common values of the UN Charter
  • Promoting Global Citizenship


A United Nations Association can only be recognized in a UN member-State and there can be only one in each UN member-State. All Associations are non-profit organizations, independent from one another. WFUNA is in charge of the coordination of the network and puts efforts in building the capacity of its existing members while trying to provide counseling to those groups willing to create new UNAs in member-State that don't have any.

The continent with the most UN associations is Europe immediately followed by Africa while South America has seen a rapid growth in numbers of UNAs in the last decade.


Areas of Work

WFUNA is involved with the UN system since its inception and has been working with most Member States through its activities and through its member Associations.

  • Transparency at the UN: as part of WFUNA's mandate to strengthen and improve the UN, the organization implements initiatives that increase the transparency of established UN processes.
  • Civil Society Working Towards the Sustainable Development Goals: as part of a belief that people's involvement in local, national, and global decision-making is essential to achieving the UN's goals, WFUNA ensures that civil society is involved in UN programs and events.
  • Global Citizenship Around the World: as global citizenship is at the heart of WFUNA's mission, the organization facilitates regular programs that foster critical-thinking and problem-solving, and empowers people to act in their communities.
  • Human Rights: since the adoption in 1948 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, WFUNA considered human rights advocacy as a central part of its programs. A number of international seminars in different regions of the world have been organized by WFUNA on the teaching of human rights. The proposal for creating the position of a High Commissioner for Human Rights was on WFUNA's agenda for many years.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Union of International Associations (UIA)".
  2. ^ "Genève Internationale".
  3. ^ "Constitution of WFUNA (pdf format)" (PDF). World Federation of United Nations Associations. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  4. ^ "History | World Federation of United Nations Associations | WFUNA". www.wfuna.org. Retrieved 19 November 2018.

External links