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Witr (Arabic: وتر‎) is an Islamic prayer (salat) that is performed at night after isha'a (night-time prayer) or before fajr (dawn prayer). According to the Hanafi Fiqh, witr prayer is wajib.[citation needed] The status of wajib is very close to that of fard. Witr has an odd number of raka'at prayed in pairs, with the final raka'ah prayed separately.[citation needed] Therefore, as little as one raka'ah can be prayed, and eleven at most.

According to Abdullah ibn Umar, Muhammad said, "The night prayer is offered as two raka'at followed by two raka'at and so on and if anyone is afraid of the approaching dawn (fajr prayer), he should pray one raka'ah and this will be a witr for all the raka'at which he has prayed before."[1]

In a hadith transmitted by Abu Darda, he states that Muhammad enjoined to him three things: to fast three days every month, to offer the witr salat before sleep, and to offer two raka'at sunnah for fajr.[2]

But there are many aḥādīth that show the best time for the witr salat to be at night. If someone fears that he would not be able to awake, or may die in their sleep, then the prayer should be performed before sleeping.[3]

Therefore, he who performs tahajjud (night prayer) regularly should perform witr after tahajjud.

It is recorded that Ali bin Abu Talib said, "The witr prayer is not required like your obligatory prayers but the Prophet would perform the witr prayer and say, 'O you people of the Quran, perform the witr prayer, for Allah is One and He loves the witr."[4]

The literal meaning of witr is "chord of a circle". Considering the whole day as a circle along which all the prayers are located, the maghrib salat is offered at the sunset (beginning of the night). It has an un-paired (odd) number of raka'at. By offering the odd raka'at of witr as the last prayer of the night, a chord is created by pairing these two un-paired raka'ats of each of the maghrib's and witr's.

Name variations

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة الوتر (Ṣalāh al-Witr)
Iran Persian نماز وتر (namaaz vitr)
Pakistan, India Urdu نماز وتر (Vitr namaaz, vitar namaaz)
Turkey Turkish Vitir namazı
Uzbekistan Uzbek Vitr namozi
Albania, Kosovo Albanian Namazi i vitri, vitrit
Balkans Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian Vitr-namaz
Bangladesh, India Bengali বিতির (Bitir), বিতর (Bitor)
Somalia, Somaliland Somali Salaada Witr
Southeast Asia Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Basa Jawa Salat witir, Solat witir

See also


  1. ^ The Translation of the Meanings of Sahih al-Bukhari (Muhammad Muhsin Khan's translation of Sahih al-Bukhari): Hadith 539, pg. 282
  2. ^ The hadith about this: "Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle offered Witr prayer at different nights at various hours extending (from the 'Isha' prayer) up to the last hour of the night." (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 16, Number 110).
  3. ^ The hadith about this: "Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: The Prophet ( Sallah Allah Alahoui wa salam) said, "Make witr as your last prayer at night." (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2 Book 16 112). Also: "Narrated 'Aisha(radia'Allah wa anha): The Prophet used to offer his night prayer while I was sleeping across in his bed. Whenever he intended to offer the Witr prayer, he used to wake me up and I would offer the Witr prayer too." (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 16, Number 111).
  4. ^ "Sunan at-Tirmidhi (Jami-al-Tirmidhi) | Chapter: 3 | Witr (Witr Prayer)". Retrieved 2019-05-22. "The witr is not fard like your prescribed prayers. But, it is the sunnah of Allah's Messenger (Sallah Allah alhoui wa salam) who said: Surely Allah is witr (one). He loves witr, so offer the witr, "O people of the Quran!." [Ahmed 652, Abu Dawud 1416, Muslim 1674, Ibn e Majah 1169]