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Wiru language

Wiru
Witu
Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionIalibu-Pangia District,
Southern Highlands Province
EthnicityWiru
Native speakers
(15,300 cited 1967, repeated 1981)[1]
Papuan Gulf ?
  • Teberan–Pawaian[2]
    • Wiru
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3wiu
Glottologwiru1244[3]
Wiru language.svg
Map: The Wiru language of New Guinea
  The Wiru language
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

Wiru or Witu is the language spoken by the Wiru people of Ialibu-Pangia District of the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea.

There are a considerable number of resemblances with the Engan languages, suggesting Wiru might be a member of that family, but language contact has not been ruled out as the reason. Usher classifies it with the Teberan languages.

Pronouns

Trans–New Guinea–like pronouns are no 1sg (< *na) and ki-wi 2pl, ki-ta 2du (< *ki).

Evolution

Wiru reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[4]

  • ibi(ni) ‘name’ < *imbi
  • nomo ‘louse’ < *niman
  • laga ‘ashes’ < *la(ŋg,k)a
  • tokene ‘moon’ < *takVn[V]
  • mane ‘instructions, incantations’ < *mana
  • keda ‘heavy’ < *ke(nd,n)a
  • mo- ‘negative prefix’ < *ma-

References

  1. ^ Wiru at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ New Guinea World, Tua River
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wiru". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.

Further reading