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William Cuningham

Title page, The Cosmographical Glasse, 1559
Detail from The Cosmographical Glasse, 1559

William Cuningham, M.D. was a physician, astrologer, and engraver who practised at Norwich about 1559, when he published his work called 'The Cosmographical Glasse,' which contained many woodcuts, as well as a bird's-eye map of Norwich, the whole engraved by himself.

On May 15, 1551, Cuningham was admitted to Corpus Christi College in Cambridge. In 1557 he was admitted to the degree of M.B. at Cambridge, he studied medicine for seven years. Cuningham also studied at the University of Heidelberg. It is supposed that he was received his M.D. at Heidelberg about 1559, at which period he seems to have changed his name from Keningham to Cuningham.

Between 1556 and 1559 Cuningham was residing at Norwich, he attained eminence as a physician in London, he was also noted for his skill in I astrology. In 1563 he was appointed public lecturer at Surgeons' Hall.

Cuningham was an engraver as well as an author, several of the woodcuts in the 'Cosmographicall Glasse,' which contained many woodcuts, as well as a birds-eye map of Norwich, England. Among other curious illustrations that book contains a portrait of the author arrayed in his doctor’s robes.

It is not known when or where William Cuningham died.


  • 1558: A New Almanacke and Prognostication (new edition 1565)[1]
  • 1559: The Cosmographical Glasse, conteinyng the Pleasant Principles of Cosmographie, Geographie, Hydrographie or Navigation
  • 1560: An Invective Epistle in Defense of Astrologers


  1. ^ Livingstone, David N. (1993). The geographical tradition: episodes in the history of a contested enterprise. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-631-18586-4. Retrieved 4 April 2011.


  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBryan, Michael (1886). "Cuningham, William". In Graves, Robert Edmund (ed.). Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers (A–K). I (3rd ed.). London: George Bell & Sons.
  • 1888: Dictionary of National Biography, Vol XIII This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.