This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Wilcox County, Alabama

Wilcox County, Alabama
Wilcox County Courthouse.jpg
Wilcox County Courthouse in Camden
Map of Alabama highlighting Wilcox County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1819
Named for Joseph M. Wilcox
Seat Camden
Largest city Camden
Area
 • Total 907 sq mi (2,349 km2)
 • Land 888 sq mi (2,300 km2)
 • Water 19 sq mi (49 km2), 2.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 10,986
 • Density 13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Footnotes:  

  • County Number 66 on Alabama Licence Plates

Wilcox County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,670.[1] Its county seat is Camden.[2]

History

Wilcox County was established on December 13, 1819. The county was named after Joseph M. Wilcox, a US Army lieutenant who was killed in Alabama during the Creek War.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 907 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 888 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (2.1%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,917
1830 9,548 227.3%
1840 15,278 60.0%
1850 17,352 13.6%
1860 24,618 41.9%
1870 28,377 15.3%
1880 31,828 12.2%
1890 30,816 −3.2%
1900 35,631 15.6%
1910 33,810 −5.1%
1920 31,080 −8.1%
1930 24,880 −19.9%
1940 26,279 5.6%
1950 23,476 −10.7%
1960 18,739 −20.2%
1970 16,303 −13.0%
1980 14,755 −9.5%
1990 13,568 −8.0%
2000 13,183 −2.8%
2010 11,670 −11.5%
Est. 2016 10,986 [5] −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,670 people residing in the county. 72.5% were Black or African American, 26.8% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% of some other race and 0.4% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 13,183 people, 4,776 households, and 3,376 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 6,183 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.90% Black or African American, 27.51% White, 0.14% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.19% from two or more races. Nearly 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,776 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.80% were married couples living together, 26.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. Nearly 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70, and the average family size was 3.31.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $16,646, and the median income for a family was $22,200. Males had a median income of $26,216 versus $17,274 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,903. About 36.10% of families and 39.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.40% of those under age 18 and 32.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Like all of the Black Belt, Wilcox County is powerfully Democratic. The only Republican to carry the county since 1900 has been Barry Goldwater in 1964 – when essentially none of the county’s black majority had voted for over seven decades and opposition by the voting white minority to Civil Rights meant that national Democrat Lyndon Johnson was not allowed on the ballot. Even after the Voting Rights Act of 1965, black registration was so slow that segregationist George Wallace comfortably carried the county in 1968, but since then the Democratic presidential candidate has carried Wilcox in every election. It was one of only six Wallace counties[a] to vote for George McGovern against Richard Nixon’s 3,000-plus-county landslide of 1972.

Wilcox County vote
by party in presidential elections [11]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 28.5% 1,742 70.9% 4,339 0.7% 42
2012 25.6% 1,679 74.3% 4,868 0.1% 8
2008 28.8% 1,868 71.0% 4,612 0.2% 14
2004 32.3% 1,834 67.6% 3,838 0.2% 10
2000 32.4% 1,661 67.2% 3,444 0.4% 21
1996 30.0% 1,454 68.2% 3,303 1.9% 90
1992 31.5% 1,671 64.8% 3,439 3.7% 194
1988 34.0% 1,739 65.8% 3,369 0.2% 10
1984 38.8% 2,337 60.8% 3,663 0.4% 22
1980 31.4% 2,280 68.2% 4,951 0.4% 30
1976 32.8% 1,824 66.9% 3,723 0.3% 18
1972 44.4% 2,641 54.7% 3,254 0.8% 50
1968 5.3% 237 37.4% 1,658 57.3% 2,540
1964 91.9% 1,789 8.1% 157
1960 36.0% 513 63.5% 905 0.5% 7
1956 33.9% 499 52.8% 778 13.4% 197
1952 42.3% 725 57.6% 988 0.1% 1
1948 1.2% 14 98.8% 1,162
1944 2.4% 30 97.4% 1,209 0.2% 2
1940 1.3% 20 98.7% 1,534 0.0% 0
1936 0.8% 11 99.1% 1,365 0.1% 1
1932 1.7% 23 98.3% 1,358 0.0% 0
1928 21.4% 266 78.6% 979 0.1% 1
1924 0.6% 6 97.8% 938 1.6% 15
1920 0.2% 2 99.7% 1,099 0.1% 1
1916 0.1% 1 99.9% 866 0.0% 0
1912 0.8% 7 97.8% 878 1.5% 13
1908 0.2% 2 99.8% 1,027 0.0% 0
1904 0.2% 2 98.9% 912 0.9% 8

Religion

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives at Pennsylvania State University, religious affiliation in Wilcox County in 2010 was as follows:[12]

Education

All public schools in the county are operated by the Wilcox County School District.[13] It is also served by one private school, Wilcox Academy, founded in 1970 as a segregation academy.[14]

Economy

Major industries in the county include a paper mill operated by International Paper, based in Memphis, Tennessee, on the Alabama River near Pine Hill that employs roughly 400 people and a copper tubing plant under construction during 2012–13 by Golden Dragon Copper Group of Xinxiang, China in Sunny South that is expected to employ approximately 500 people upon completion.[15][16]

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Places of interest

Wilcox County is home to Roland Cooper State Park, Lake Dannelly, and Bridgeport Beach.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Wilcox County, Alabama". The Association of Religion. Retrieved March 22, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Schools". Wilcox County Schools. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  14. ^ Carla Crowder (October 27, 2002). "Private white academies struggle in changing world". Birmingham News. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  15. ^ Mitchell, Ellen (September 11, 2012). "International Paper Co. plans $27 million maintenance project for Pine Hill mill". Press-Register. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  16. ^ McDonald, George. "Crews Clearing Site of Golden Dragon Copper Plant in Wilcox Co". WAKA CBS 8. Bahakel Communications, Ltd. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 

Notes

  1. ^ The others were the fellow Alabama counties of Bullock and Lowndes with similarly delayed black registration after 1965, and the white majority, historically secessionist Middle Tennessee trio of Houston County, Perry County and Stewart County.

External links