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|To find out what permissions your account has, go to Special:Preferences. Your permissions are listed in the user profile tab under "Member of groups".|
|Administrators and bureaucrats|
|Other flags giving access to specialized functions|
|Other flagged accounts|
|Global user groups|
For all user permissions see this table.
For other global user groups see Wikipedia:Global rights policy and meta:User groups.
The user access level of an editor affects their ability to perform certain actions on Wikipedia; it depends on which rights (also called permissions, user groups, bits or flags) are assigned to accounts. This is determined by whether the editor is logged into an account, and whether the account has a sufficient age and number of edits for certain automatic rights, and what additional rights have been assigned manually to the account.
Everyone is able to read Wikipedia. Unless they are blocked, they may freely edit most pages without the need to be logged in. Being logged in gives users a number of advantages, such as having their public IP address hidden and the ability to track one's contributions. Additionally, once user accounts are more than a certain number of days old and have made more than a certain number of edits, they automatically become autoconfirmed, allowing the direct creation of articles, the ability to move pages, to edit semi-protected pages, and to upload files. Further access levels need to be assigned manually by a user with the appropriate authority. An editor with more experience and good standing can attempt to become an administrator (sysop), which provides a large number of advanced permissions. A number of other flags for specialized tasks are also available.
All visitors to the site, including unregistered users, are part of the '*' group, and all logged-in registered users are also part of the 'user' group. Users are automatically promoted into the autoconfirmed/confirmed users pseudo-group of established users when their account is more than four days old and has ten edits, and the 'extended confirmed' user group later on.
Other flags are only given upon request; some, such as 'rollbacker' or 'bot', are granted unilaterally if the user demonstrates a need for them (see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions and Wikipedia:Bots/Requests for approval). Others, such as 'sysop' and 'bureaucrat', are given only after community discussion and consensus at Wikipedia:Requests for adminship. Users are only made members of groups such as 'oversight' and 'checkuser' with the approval of the Arbitration Committee and after confirming their identity with the Wikimedia Foundation.
User groups have one or more rights assigned to them; for example the ipblock-exempt (IP block exemptions) group have the 'ipblock-exempt' and 'torunblocked' rights. All members of a particular user group will have access to these rights. The individual rights that are assigned to user groups are listed at Special:ListGroupRights. Terms like rights, permissions, bits and flags can refer to both user groups and the individual rights assigned to them.
Permissions requested at Requests for permissions only have local rights on the English Wikipedia wiki. But members of global user groups have rights across all Wikimedia Foundation wikis, although that access can sometimes be restricted by local wiki policies. Users registered at Wikimedia wikis also have registered user rights to other Wikimedia wikis if their account is a SUL or unified login account. For SUL accounts, both local and global user group membership across Wikimedia wikis can be viewed at Special:CentralAuth.
The system-generated technical permissions are listed at Special:ListGroupRights.
Contributors who are not logged in are identified by their IP address rather than a user name, whether or not they have already registered an account. They may read all Wikipedia pages (except restricted special pages), and edit pages that are not protected (including Pending changes protected/move-protected articles). They may create talk pages in any talk namespace but need to ask for help to create pages in some parts of the wiki. They cannot upload files or images. They must answer a CAPTCHA if they wish to make an edit which involves the addition of external links, and click a confirm link to purge pages. All users may also query the site API in 500-record batches.
Edit screens of unregistered users are headed by a banner that reads:
Several actions on the English Wikipedia are restricted to user accounts which were created a certain number of days ago and which have made a certain number of edits. Users who meet these requirements are considered part of the pseudo-group 'autoconfirmed'. The conditions for autoconfirmed status are checked every time a user attempts to perform a restricted action; if they are met, permission is granted automatically by the software. Although the precise requirements for autoconfirmed status vary according to circumstances, most English Wikipedia user accounts that are more than four days old and have made at least 10 edits (including deleted ones) are considered autoconfirmed. However, users with IPBE editing through the Tor network are subjected to much stricter autoconfirmed thresholds: 90 days and 100 edits.
Autoconfirmed or confirmed users can create articles, move pages, edit semi-protected pages, and upload files or upload a new version of an existing file. Autoconfirmed users are no longer required to enter a CAPTCHA for most events and they may save books to the Books namespace. In addition, the Edit filter has a number of warning settings that only affect editors who are not autoconfirmed.
In some situations, it is necessary for accounts to be exempted from the customary confirmation period. The 'confirmed' group contains the same rights as the 'autoconfirmed' pseudo-group, but can be granted by administrators as necessary. It is redundant to grant the right to an account that is already autoconfirmed, since the right provides the same abilities. To request this permission, see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions/Confirmed. See Special:ListUsers/confirmed for a list of the 528 confirmed users.
Before 16 November 2016, autoconfirmed users could also mark new pages as patrolled. Now, this requires the new page reviewer right.
A registered editor becomes 'extendedconfirmed' after 30 days and 500 edits. This user access right allows editors to edit pages with extended confirmed protection. This access is included in the 'bot' and 'sysop' (Administrator) user groups. This group was primarily created to deal with specific arbitration remedies and community issues; the arbitration committee has left community use decisions up to the community.
See Special:ListUsers/extendedconfirmed for a list of the 39497 extended confirmed users.
Administrators are volunteer editors who are granted the rights by the community at Requests for Adminship (RfA). The RfA process involves considerable discussion and examination of the candidate's activities as an editor. Users who are members of this user group have access to a number of tools to allow them to carry out certain functions on the wiki. The tools cover processes such as page deletion, page protection, blocking and unblocking, and access to modify fully protected pages and the Mediawiki interface. Administrators also have the ability to grant and remove account creator, autopatrolled, confirmed, file mover, edit filter helper, edit filter manager, extended confirmed, IP block exempt, mass message sender, new page reviewer, page mover, pending changes reviewer, rollback, template editor, and AutoWikiBrowser access rights to other users, and to their own alternate accounts. By convention, administrators also normally take responsibility for judging the outcome of certain discussions requiring these technical controls (such as deletions). Administrators are not granted special editorial control over article content. They are not employees of the Wikimedia Foundation, and should not be confused with Wikimedia system administrators ("sysadmins").
Bureaucrat rights are granted by the community at Requests for Bureaucratship (RfB) to exceptionally trusted users who are allowed to perform certain actions on other users' accounts.
Bureaucrats have access to Special:UserRights, enabling them to add users to the 'bureaucrat' group (but not remove them), and add users to and remove users from the 'administrator' and 'bot' user groups.
See Special:ListUsers/bureaucrat for a list of the 23 bureaucrats.
Members of this group can review other users' edits to articles placed under pending changes protection. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to September 2014, this right was known as "reviewer".
See Special:ListUsers/reviewer for a list of the 6944 reviewers.
See Special:ListUsers/rollbacker for a list of the 5901 rollbackers.
Members of this group have 'autopatrol', which allows them to have their pages automatically patrolled on the New Pages list. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to June 2010, this right was known as "autoreviewer".
See Special:ListUsers/autoreviewer for a list of the 3843 autopatrolled users.
See Special:ListUsers/patroller for a list of the 596 new page reviewers.
The file mover user right is intended to allow users experienced in working with files to rename them, subject to policy, with the ease that autoconfirmed users already enjoy when renaming Wikipedia articles. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/filemover for a list of the 403 additional filemovers.
The page mover user right ('extendedmover' user group) is intended to allow users who have demonstrated a good understanding of the Wikipedia page naming system to rename pages and subpages without leaving redirects, subject to policy. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/extendedmover for a list of the 210 page movers.
Users who are given the accountcreator flag ('accountcreator' user group) are not affected by the 6 account creation limit per day per IP, and can create accounts for other users without restriction. Users in this group can also override the anti-spoof checks on account creation. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bureaucrats. Additionally, account creators are able to create accounts with names that are otherwise blocked by the title blacklist.
See Special:ListUsers/accountcreator for a list of the 233 additional account creators.
Members of this group ('templateeditor' user group) are allowed to edit pages protected with template protection as well as create and edit editnotices. Template protection is only applied to pages in the template and module namespaces. It is intended to allow experienced template and module coders to make changes without having to request that an administrator make the edits for them. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/templateeditor for a list of the 161 template editors.
Users who are given the ipblock-exempt flag ('ipblock-exempt' user group) are not affected by autoblocks and blocks of IP addresses and ranges that are made with the "Prevent logged-in users from editing" setting. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bots, however the flag must be added separately to enable editing from IP addresses affected by Tor blocks.
See Special:ListUsers/ipblock-exempt for a list of the 285 affected users.
Members of the edit filter manager group can create, modify and delete edit filters. This right is not assigned to administrators by default.
Members of the edit filter helper group can view private edit filters and their associated logs. This access is also included in the administrator groups. Members of this group may also view the Spam blacklist log.
These groups are given and removed by administrators. See Special:ListUsers/abusefilter for a list of the 159 edit filter managers, and Special:ListUsers/abusefilter-helper for a list of the 11 edit filter helpers. All users can check their on the Special:AbuseFilter pages.
Users who are given the oversight flag ('oversight' user group) have access to additional functions on the deletion and block screens through which they can hide revisions of pages from all other users, and Special:Log/suppress, where they can view a log of such actions and the content of the hidden revisions. This right is only granted to exceedingly few users who are at least 18 years old and have signed the Wikimedia Foundation's confidentiality agreement for nonpublic information. Oversighters are also required to have passed an "RfA or RfA-identical process".
See Special:ListUsers/oversight for a list of the 50 Oversighters.
Users who are given the checkuser flag ('checkuser' user group) have access to Special:CheckUser. They are able to view a list of all IP addresses used by a user account to edit the English Wikipedia, a list of all edits made by an IP, or all user accounts that have used an IP address. They may also view a log of such requests. This right is only granted to exceedingly few users who are at least 18 years old and have signed the Wikimedia Foundation's confidentiality agreement for nonpublic information. As Checkusers have access to deleted revisions, they are also required to have passed an "RFA or RFA-identical process".
See Special:ListUsers/checkuser for a list of the 43 CheckUsers.
Members of these user groups (in addition to administrators) can manage course pages in the "Education Program:" namespace. Course coordinator rights (as well as the instructor, online volunteer and campus volunteer rights) are assigned by administrators. Course coordinators may assign "course online volunteer", "course campus volunteer", and "course instructor" rights to other users. Online and campus volunteers, respectively, can designate themselves as supporters for individual courses (whom students can turn to for help, online or in person). They do this by going to the course page and using the software interface to associate their account with the course.
Members of this group may send messages to multiple users at once.
See Special:ListUsers/massmessage-sender for a list of the 49 mass message senders.
This access is included with the administrator permission.
Accounts used by approved bots to make pre-approved edits can be flagged as such. Bot accounts are automated or semi-automated, the nature of their edits is well defined, and they will be quickly blocked if their actions vary from their given tasks, so they require less scrutiny than human edits.
For this reason, contributions from accounts with the bot flag ('bot' user group) are not displayed in recent changes or watchlists to users who have opted to hide bot edits. Minor edits made by bot accounts to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner. Bot accounts can query the API in batches of 5,000 rather than 500.
See Special:ListUsers/bot for a list of the 306 bots.
The founder group was created on the English Wikipedia by developer Tim Starling, without community input, as a unique group for Jimmy "Jimbo" Wales - although Larry Sanger is a co-founder, he was never a member of this group. The group gives Wales full access to user rights. As 'local founder actions' are usually of great interest to the local community, and are only relevant to the English Wikipedia, the 'local founder' right also has the benefit of allowing Wales' actions to be visible in the English Wikipedia rights log. Wales is also a member of the founder global group, which has view-only rights across the Wikimedia network.
The 'researcher' group was created in April 2010 to allow individuals explicitly approved by the Wikimedia Foundation to perform a title search for deleted pages and view deleted history entries but not to view the actual revisions of deleted pages.
'Transwiki importers' is a group which gives editors the
(import) permission for use on Special:Import. This interface allows users to copy pages, and optionally entire page histories, from certain other Wikimedia wikis. The 'import' permission is also included in the administrators and importers user groups. There are currently 0 users in the transwiki importers group. This group is mostly deprecated and is only available for assignment by stewards following a special community approval discussion.
'Importers' is a similar group which gives editors the
(importupload) permission as well as the
(import) permission for use on Special:Import. Importers have the additional ability to import articles directly from XML (which may come from any wiki site). The 'importupload' permission is also included in the stewards group. See Special:ListUsers/import for the 3 importers. This access is highly restricted and is only available for assignment to a limited number of very trusted users by stewards following a special community approval discussion.
All users can use Special:Export to create an XML export of a page and its history.
In general, rights of editors blocked indefinitely should be left as is. Rights specifically related to the reason for blocking may be removed at the discretion of the blocking or unblocking administrators.
Global rights have effects on all public Wikimedia wikis, but their use may be restricted by local policy, see Wikipedia:Global rights policy. For an automatically generated list of global groups with all their permissions, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions. For a list of users along with their global groups, see Special:GlobalUsers.
Stewardship is an elected role, and stewards are appointed globally across all public Wikimedia wikis.
Users who are members of the 'steward' user group may grant and revoke any permission to or from any user on any wiki operated by the Wikimedia Foundation which allows open account creation. This group is set on MetaWiki, and may use meta:Special:Userrights to set permissions on any Wikimedia wiki; they may add or remove any user from any group configured on metawiki. Stewards generally act only when there is no user on a particular wiki that can make the necessary change. This includes granting of the 'administrator' or 'bureaucrat' access levels on wikis which do not have any local bureaucrats, and removing such flags if the user resigns or the account is acting maliciously. Stewards are also responsible for granting and revoking access levels such as 'oversight' and 'checkuser', as no other group is capable of making such changes except sysadmins/Support and Safety Staff.
Stewards can also act as checkusers, oversighters, bureaucrats or administrators on wikis which do not have active local members of those groups. For example, if a wiki has a passing need for an edit to be oversighted, a steward can add themselves to the 'oversight' user group on that wiki, perform the necessary function, and then remove themselves from the 'oversight' group using their steward rights.
Most steward actions are logged at meta:Special:Log/rights or meta:Special:Log/gblrights (some go to meta:Stewards/Additional log for global changes). See Special:GlobalUsers/steward or meta:Special:ListUsers/steward for a list of users in this group.
Other global groups include WMF staff; sysadmins (system administrators); ombudsmen; OTRS-members (Volunteer Response Team); global bots; global rollbackers; global sysops (not enabled on English Wikipedia); interface editors. See Global rights policy and meta:User groups for information on these, as well as a full list.
|Allows user(s) to…||Blocked users||Unregistered
|abusefilter-log||View the abuse log|
|abusefilter-log-detail||View detailed abuse log entries|
|abusefilter-view||View abuse filters||Edit filter helpers, Edit filter managers|
|abusefilter-modify||Modify abuse filters||Edit filter managers|
|abusefilter-revert||Revert all changes by a given abuse filter|
|apihighlimits||Request API queries in batches of 5,000, rather than 500||Researchers|
|autoconfirmed||Edit semi-protected pages|
|autopatrol||Automatically mark all edits made by the user as patrolled||Autopatrolled users, Global rollbackers|
|bigdelete||Delete pages with over 5,000 revisions||Stewards|
|block||Block an IP address, user name, or range of IPs, from editing|
|bot||Edit without their edits showing up in recent changes|
|checkuser||See all IP addresses used by a registered user or to show all edits from a given IP address||CheckUsers, Ombudsmen|
|collectionsaveascommunitypage||Save books as community page in the book namespace|
|collectionsaveasuserpage||Save books as user subpage|
|createaccount||Create a new user account for themselves or another user||Account creators|
|createpage||Create a new page|
|createtalk||Create a new talk page|
|delete||Delete a page with ≤ 5,000 revisions|
|deletedhistory||View the history of a deleted page or a user's deleted contributions||Researchers|
|deletedtext||View the text of deleted revisions||ombudsmen|
|deleterevision||Access RevisionDelete tool for viewing, deleting, restoring the text, edit summary, and/or username of a revision|
|edit||Edit any page which is not protected|
|editinterface||Edit the MediaWiki namespace to affect the interface||interface editors|
|edittalk||Edit their own talk page|
|ep-addstudent||Enroll users as student||Education Program staff|
|ep-becampus||Add or remove yourself as campus ambassador from terms||Course campus volunteers, Course coordinators|
|ep-beinstructor||Add or remove yourself as instructor from courses||Course coordinators, Course instructors|
|ep-beonline||Add or remove yourself as online ambassador from terms||Course coordinators, Course online volunteers|
|ep-bereviewer||Add or remove yourself as reviewer from articles|
|ep-bulkdelcourses||Bulk delete courses||Course coordinators|
|ep-bulkdelorgs||Bulk delete institutions|
|ep-campus||Add or remove campus ambassadors to courses||Course coordinators|
|ep-course||Manage Education Program courses||Course campus volunteers, Course coordinators, Course instructors, Course online volunteers|
|ep-enroll||Enroll in Education Program courses|
|ep-instructor||Add or remove instructors to courses||Course coordinators|
|ep-online||Add or remove online ambassadors to courses|
|ep-org||Manage Education Program institutions||Course campus volunteers, Course coordinators, Course instructors, Course online volunteers|
|ep-remarticle||Dissasociate articles from students|
|ep-remreviewer||Remove reviewers from articles||Course coordinators|
|ep-remstudent||Remove students from courses||Course coordinators, Course instructors|
|ep-token||See Education Program enrollment tokens||Course campus volunteers, Course coordinators, Course instructors, Course online volunteers|
|editusercss||Edit other users' CSS files|
|extendedconfirmed||Edit 30/500 protected pages||Extended confirmed editors|
|import||Import pages from other wikis||importers and transwiki importers|
|importupload||Import pages from a locally stored XML file||importers|
|ipblock-exempt||Be unaffected by blocks applied to the user's IP address or a range (CIDR) containing it.||ipblock-exempt users|
|markbotedits||Mark rollback as bot edits, to keep them out of recent changes||global rollbackers|
|minoredit||Make an edit marked as 'minor'||
|Permission||Allows user(s) to...||Blocked users||Unregistered
|move||Change the title of a page by moving it|
|movefile||Change the title of a file by moving it||file movers|
|move-rootuserpages||Move root user pages|
|move-subpages||Move pages with their subpages||page movers|
|nominornewtalk||Minor edits by this user to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner|
|noratelimit||Not be affected by rate limits||account creators, global rollbackers|
|override-antispoof||Blocks the creation of accounts with mixed-script, confusing and similar usernames||account creators|
|oversight||View revisions that have been permanently hidden||oversighters|
|patrol||State that they have checked a page that appeared in Special:Newpages||New page reviewers|
|protect||Change protection levels, edit and move protected pages|
|purge||Purge a page by adding
|renameuser||Change the name of an existing account||global renamers, stewards|
|reupload||Overwrite an existing unprotected file|
|reupload-own||Overwrite existing files uploaded by oneself|
|rollback||Use a special link to more easily revert a bad edit||rollbackers, global rollbackers|
|sendemail||E-mail a user (using
|skipcaptcha||Perform captcha triggering actions without having to go through the captcha|
|suppressredirect||Not create a redirect from the old name when moving a page||global rollbackers, page movers|
|suppressrevision||Permanently hide revisions from public view||Oversighters|
|tboverride||Override the title blacklist||template editors|
|tboverride-account||Override the username blacklist||account creators|
|undelete||Undelete a previously deleted page or specific revisions from it, view deleted revisions|
|unwatchedpages||View a list of pages which are not on anyone's watchlist
|upload||Upload a media file|
|userrights||Change the user groups of another user||± rollbacker
± Edit Filter managers
± Template editor
± Page mover
± Mass message sender
± flow bot
|stewards, Jimbo Wales
|writeapi||Use of the write API||
|Permission||Allows user(s) to…||Blocked users||Unregistered
|Confirmed||Extended confirmed||Bot||Administrator||Bureaucrat||Pending changes reviewer||Rollbacker||Checkuser||Autopatrolled||Oversight||Import||Ipblock-Exempt||Edit Filter managers||Account Creator||Page mover||File mover||New page reviewer|
^1 Because bureaucrats were granted the ability to do this, stewards would refer most ordinary requests for removal of the sysop permission to them, but retain the right to remove the sysop permission when appropriate (such as emergencies or requests from the Arbitration Committee).
DefaultSettings.php grants the
noratelimituser right to bureaucrats and sysops.
|This page is referenced in the Wikipedia Glossary, under Autoconfirmed.|