Westinghouse J30

J30
Westinghouse J30 NAN8-47.jpg
Type Turbojet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Westinghouse Aviation Gas Turbine Division
First run 19 March 1943
Major applications FH Phantom
Developed into Westinghouse J34

The Westinghouse J30, initially known as the Westinghouse 19XB, was a turbojet engine developed by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. It was the first American-designed turbojet to run, and only the second axial-flow turbojet to run outside of Germany.[1]

A simple and robust unit with six-stage compressor, annular combustor, and single-stage turbine, it initially gave 1,200 pounds of thrust but improved to 1,600 in production versions. Its first flight was under a FG Corsair in January 1944. It was developed into the smaller J32, and the successful Westinghouse J34, an enlarged version which produced 3,000 pounds of thrust.

Variants

19A
Prototypes and initial production
19B
Increased mass flow version delivering 1,400 lbf (6.23 kN) at 18,000 rpm at sea level
J30-WE-20
production engines delivering 1,600 lbf (7.1 kN) thrust

Applications

Specifications (Westinghouse 19A)

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Type: Axial flow turbojet
  • Length: 100 in (2,540.0 mm), 19B 104.5 in (2,654.3 mm)
  • Diameter: 19 in (482.6 mm)
  • Dry weight: 830 lb (376.5 kg), 19B 809 lb (367.0 kg)

Components

  • Compressor: 6-stage axial
  • Combustors: Annular stainless steel
  • Turbine: Single-stage axial
  • Fuel type: 100/130 gasoline
  • Oil system: pressure spray at 40 psi (275.8 kPa) dry sump, 60 S.U. secs (10.2 cs) (AN-0-6A) grade oil

Performance

  • Maximum thrust: 1,360 lbf (6.05 kN) at 18,000 rpm at sea level, 19B 1,400 lbf (6.23 kN) at 18,000 rpm at sea level
  • Overall pressure ratio: 3:1
  • Air mass flow: 26.5 lb (12.02 kg) /sec at 17,000 rpm, 19B 30 lb (13.61 kg) /sec at 18,000 rpm
  • Turbine inlet temperature: 1,500 °F (816 °C)
  • Specific fuel consumption: 1.35 lb/lbf/hr (137.6 kg/kN/hr), 19B 1.28 lb/lbf/hr (130.48 kg/kN/hr)
  • Thrust-to-weight ratio: 1.639 lbf/lb (0.016 kN/kg), 19B 1.724 lbf/lb (0.0169 kN/kg)
  • Normal thrust, static: 1,160 lbf (5.16 kN) at 18,000 rpm at sea level, 19B 1,170 lbf (5.20 kN) at 17,000 rpm at sea level
  • Military thrust, flight: 660 lbf (2.94 kN) at 17,200 rpm at altitude, 19B 525 lbf (2.34 kN) at 18,000 rpm at altitude
  • Normal thrust, flight: 570 lbf (2.54 kN) at 16,260 rpm at altitude, 19B 465 lbf (2.07 kN) at 17,000 rpm at altitude

See also

Related development
Comparable engines
Related lists

Notes

  1. ^ Gunston, p. 241-240
  2. ^ Wilkinson, Paul H. (1946). Aircraft Engines of the world 1946. London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons. pp. 278–281. 

References

  • Gunston, Bill (2006). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines, 5th Edition. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire, England, UK: Sutton Publishing Limited. pp. 240–241. ISBN 0-7509-4479-X. 
  • Wilkinson, Paul H. (1946). Aircraft Engines of the world 1946. London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons. pp. 278–281. 

External links