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West Street pedestrian bridges

Tribeca Bridge, seen from Chambers Street

The West Street pedestrian bridges are pedestrian bridges that cross West Street to connect the neighborhoods of Tribeca and the Financial District with Battery Park City in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The bridges were built to provide alternatives to crossing the busy street. Prior to the September 11 attacks, there were three bridges at Chambers Street, Vesey Street and Liberty Street. The Vesey Street and Liberty Street bridges connected the former World Trade Center complex with the World Financial Center.

The collapse of the Twin Towers destroyed the Vesey Street bridge and heavily damaged the Liberty Street bridge. To improve pedestrian flow, a temporary bridge was built at Rector Street; it is planned to be replaced with a permanent bridge at West Thames Street, one block south. A temporary bridge at Vesey Street opened in November 2003 near the site of its predecessor, and was demolished by 2013 once a pedestrian tunnel was built under West Street. All bridges have elevators and ramps for disabled pedestrians, as per the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

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Tribeca Bridge

Tribeca Bridge, interior

The Chambers Street Bridge (40°43′2.5″N 74°0′46″W / 40.717361°N 74.01278°W / 40.717361; -74.01278) or the Tribeca Bridge, was built in 1994[1] to improve connections for the northern part of Battery Park City. It connects Stuyvesant High School inside Battery Park City and the property of the Borough of Manhattan Community College. Although an exit to the street level exists on the Battery Park City side, the bridge connects directly into Stuyvesant High School. Designed by Skidmore Owings and Merrill, its lighting display at night has earned it the 1996 IES/NY Lumen Lighting Award.[2]

Vesey Street Bridge

North bridge, built 2003

The first Vesey Street Bridge (40°42′49″N 74°0′49″W / 40.71361°N 74.01361°W / 40.71361; -74.01361), or North Bridge, connected the above-ground concourse of the former World Trade Center complex with the World Financial Center,[3] paralleling nearby Vesey Street. It began at a point between 1 WTC and 6 WTC linking the upper levels of the Winter Garden Atrium. The grand marble staircase inside the Winter Garden pavilion provided access to the lower levels of the building and to the adjacent waterfront.[4] The bridge was destroyed in the collapse of 1 WTC during the September 11 attacks in 2001.[5]

Because the intersection of Vesey Street and West Street was closed to pedestrians due to the September 11 attacks,[6] ground for a temporary Vesey Street Bridge was broken in August 2003 by then-Governor George E. Pataki.[7] The bridge opened on November 2003 in time for the return of the PATH train to the temporary terminal by the WTC site[8] and connected the southwest corner of Vesey Street and West Street, next to 3 WFC, with the northeast corner, next to 140 West Street (Verizon Building).

The Vesey Street bridge was designed with ADA accessibility in mind, and escalators were installed to allow pedestrians access the bridge without using stairs. The escalator by the World Financial Center, at the western end, opened on April 16, 2004.[9] They were followed by the escalator on the eastern side in June 2004.[10] The elevators at either end opened in the same summer. The elevators and escalators were prone to problems, and an escalator was closed for six months due to a failure.[11] The bridge was met criticism for the breakdowns and also bridge closures due to construction activity at the 1 WTC construction site.[12] Thus residents from the Battery Park City area clamored for the reopening of the Vesey Street walkways across West Street, as an alternative to the bridge. (The elevator and escalator on the east side of the Vesey Street bridge were inoperable for an extended period of time forcing individuals who are unable to climb stairs to cross at Murray Street, which is north of Vesey Street.)

The bridge was finally closed and taken apart on October 7, 2013. At the same time, the crosswalk on the north side of Vesey Street was reopened,[13] The bridge was replaced by the West Concourse of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, an underground passageway connecting the World Financial Center with the World Trade Center PATH station and to the Fulton Center via the Dey Street Passageway. The temporary bridge was demolished[14] and replaced by a pedestrian crosswalk.[15]

Liberty Street Bridge

Liberty Street Bridge

The original incarnation of the Liberty Street Bridge (40°42′38″N 74°0′53″W / 40.71056°N 74.01472°W / 40.71056; -74.01472), was called the South Bridge, as it was seen as a companion to its Vesey Street counterpart and had a similar design. Due to the attacks, it had sustained significant damage. However, unlike its counterpart, it was extended and repaired and was reopened in April 2002.[16] Since then, the bridge has been revamped and rerouted, due to its location near the World Trade Center site and the construction activity for the Vehicle Security Center and the demolition of the Deutsche Bank Building at 130 Liberty Street. On April 21, 2010, the eastern bridge access point was shifted onto the east side of West Street, from Liberty Street. A pre-fabricated segment was attached to the existing bridge, for use while construction proceeds on both sides along Liberty Street. The new pre-fabricated southward extension was fitted with an elevator for ADA accessibility.[17] It will be connected to the Liberty Park when the latter is complete.

Rector Street Bridge

With the destruction of the North Bridge and the closure of the South Bridge due to the terrorist attacks, Battery Park City residents sought for safe passage across West Street in the immediate months following September 11, 2001. The Rector Street Bridge (40°42.45′N 74°0.915′W / 40.70750°N 74.015250°W / 40.70750; -74.015250) was seen as a temporary solution, as it was planned that a bridge further south would open in its place in the near future.[18] The bridge was designed by SHoP Architects and opened in August 2002. The bridge has a span of 230 feet (70 m), with a 170 feet (52 m) ramp on the western end of the bridge. Much of the bridge was built from pre-fabricated materials, the design of the bridge was a steel box truss system.[19] The panels surrounding the bridge allow natural light to flow through, but it limits the view to disallow people from using it to view the World Trade Center site.[20] In 2006, the New York State Department of Transportation released its proposal to reconstruct West Street into a promenade. The plans did not feature a permanent replacement, suggesting that the first Rector Street Bridge may be permanent. However a renovation was planned then, to keep the bridge in place for another ten years.[21]

Billed by SHoP Architects as "Rector Street Bridge #2", this structure was in fact the renovated version of the bridge.[22] The renovated structure had the truss system replaced by a canopy, that would allow views. However, during its immediate opening in October 9, 2009,[23] the elevators were unusable, drawing some outrage from Battery Park City residents.[24]

West Thames Street Bridge

Designs for the new, permanent West Thames Street Bridge, near the entrance of the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel, were created in 2009 by SHoP Architects.[25] The bridge would run diagonally between the northeast and southwest corners of West and West Thames Streets.[26] SHoP Architects' design was later scrapped,[27] and a newer design was created in 2013 by WXY Architecture and Weidlinger Associates.[25] The West Thames Street Bridge is intended to replace the Rector Street Bridge, which would be demolished. The New York City Economic Development Corporation, which is undertaking the project, says that the Rector Street Bridge will remain in place until after the new bridge is open.[28]

Construction of the new bridge began at the end of November 2016.[28] Work on the West Thames Street Bridge was initially scheduled to be completed by fall 2018. However, in August 2018, it was announced that the bridge's completion was delayed due to a weld defect, and would not be completed before spring 2019.[27][26][29] In May 2019, the first pieces of the bridge were delivered to the site and installed. By then, it was to be completed by fall 2019.[30]

The construction cost of the West Thames Street Bridge has increased over time. It was estimated to be $45.1 million in September 2016, though was previously estimated in November 2015 to cost $27.5 million. Funding for the bridge includes $33 million from the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (with funding reduced towards “New York City Parks and Open Space"), and $8.25 million from the Battery Park City Authority.[31][26]

References

  1. ^ "Tribeca Bridge". Wirednewyork.com. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  2. ^ "Tribeca Bridge". Dgalight.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  3. ^ "3 World Financial Center. American Express". Wired New York. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  4. ^ "NY Boat Charters Directions". Nyyachtcharter.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  5. ^ "Ask the Port Authority - Mark Pagliettini Answers World Trade Center Questions". Panynj.gov. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  6. ^ "Crossing Vesey Street remains problematic". Downtown Express. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  7. ^ "Lower Manhattan Development Corporation - GOVERNOR BREAKS GROUND ON VESEY STREET PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE". Renewnyc.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  8. ^ DAVID W. DUNLAP Published: November 24, 2003 (November 24, 2003). "Vesey Street Bridge Opens to Quiet, but Grateful, Crowd - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  9. ^ "Vesey elevators coming this summer to a bridge near you". Downtownexpress.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  10. ^ "Lower Manhattan : News | Rebuilding Milestones, Sept. 2003 to Sept. 2004". Lowermanhattan.info. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  11. ^ "Vesey Street Bridge Escalator Operational After Months of Delays - DNAinfo.com New York". Dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  12. ^ "Port Authority Closes Vesey Street Bridge - SoHo TriBeCa & FiDi Local News - Frances Milliken". Newyork.nearsay.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  13. ^ "10/7/13 CLOSED: Vesey Street Pedestrian Bridge". Brookfieldplaceny.com. August 13, 2012. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  14. ^ "Vesey Street Pedestrian Bridge is Coming Down, Brookfield Cube Almost Complete". Ebroadsheet.com. October 9, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  15. ^ "Pedestrian Bridge Near WTC Finally Being Removed as Crosswalk Reopens - Battery Park City - DNAinfo.com New York". Dnainfo.com. October 11, 2013. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ Paul H.B. Shin (April 21, 2002). "Footbridge Near Wtc Site Reopens - New York Daily News". Articles.nydailynews.com. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  17. ^ "Liberty Street Pedestrian Bridge Extension Opens". New York State Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  18. ^ "Rector Street Bridge". Tribecatrib.com. Archived from the original on December 2, 2006. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  19. ^ "Rector Street Bridge" (PDF). Shoparc.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  20. ^ Ringen, Jonathan. "Bridging the Divide | Metropolis Magazine | July 2002". Metropolismag.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  21. ^ "Rector Street Bridge". Tribecatrib.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  22. ^ "Rector Street Bridge #2" (PDF). Shoparc.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  23. ^ "Re-opening the Rector Street Bridge! | New York State Senate". Nysenate.gov. October 27, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  24. ^ Hovitz, Helaina N. "Rector St. bridge reopens, elevator still a work in progress". Downtownexpress.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  25. ^ a b "Latest Design Revealed for West Thames Street Pedestrian Bridge". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  26. ^ a b c Mixson, Colin (August 20, 2018). "A bridge too late: Long-awaited West Thames footbridge delayed yet again". The Villager. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  27. ^ a b Rosenberg, Zoe (August 2, 2018). "Lower Manhattan pedestrian bridge gets pushed back again". Curbed NY. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  28. ^ a b "A Bridge in the Hand Is Worth Two in the Budget - eBroadsheet". eBroadsheet. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  29. ^ "Lower Manhattan pedestrian bridge over West Street delayed again". Crain's New York Business. July 1, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  30. ^ "Long-Awaited West Thames Pedestrian Bridge Installation Begins". Tribeca-FiDi, NY Patch. May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  31. ^ "A Matter of Truss - eBroadsheet". eBroadsheet. September 15, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016.

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