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Wano language

RegionHighlands of Irian Jaya
Native speakers
1,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3wno

Wano is a Papuan language of the Indonesian New Guinea Highlands.


Consonant phonemes[3]
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k ʔ
Fricative β
Approximant j w
Vowel phonemes[3]
Front Back
High i u
Mid ɛ ɔ
Close a

As well as the monophthongs described above, Wano also has seven diphthongs: /i̯a/, /ɛi̯/, /ai̯/, /au̯/, /ɔi̯/, /ɔu̯/, and /ui̯/.[3]


The voiced plosives /b/ and /d/ are imploded word-initially and intervocalically.[3]
When a nasal occurs before /p/, /p/ becomes a prenasalized voiced plosive [ᵐb]. Similarly, when a nasal occurs before /t/ or /k/, they become, respectively, [ⁿd] and [ᵑɡ].[3]
/p/, /k/, /ɡ/, and /ɡ/'s allophone, [ᵑɡ] become labialized before /w/, with /ɡ/ becoming [ɣʷ].[3]
The sequences /tj/ and /dj/ become the palatal fricatives /ç ʝ/.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Wano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wano". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Willem Burung, "The Phonology of Wano, SIL International, 2007