|Voyage of the Damned|
Film poster by Richard Amsel
|Directed by||Stuart Rosenberg|
|Produced by||Robert Fryer|
|Written by||David Butler|
|Based on||Voyage of the Damned|
by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts
Max von Sydow
|Music by||Lalo Schifrin|
|Distributed by||Rank Film Distributors (United Kingdom)|
AVCO Embassy Pictures (United States)
Voyage of the Damned is a 1976 drama film directed by Stuart Rosenberg, with an all-star cast featuring Faye Dunaway, Oskar Werner, Lee Grant, Max von Sydow, James Mason, and Malcolm McDowell. It was based on a 1974 book written by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts with the same title.
Based on historic events, this dramatic film concerns the 1939 voyage of MS St. Louis, which departed from Hamburg carrying 937 Jews from Germany, ostensibly bound for Havana, Cuba. The passengers, having seen and suffered rising anti-Semitism in Germany, realised this might be their only chance to escape. The film details the emotional journey of the passengers, who gradually become aware that their passage was planned as an exercise in propaganda, and that it had never been intended that they disembark in Cuba. Rather, they were to be set up as pariahs, to set an example before the world. As a Nazi official states in the film, when the whole world has refused to accept the Jews as refugees, no country can blame Germany for their fate.
The Cuban government refuses entry to the passengers, and the liner heads to the United States. As it waits off the Florida coast, the passengers learn that the United States also has rejected them, leaving the captain no choice but to return to Europe. The captain tells a confidante that he has received a letter signed by 200 passengers saying they will join hands and jump into the sea rather than return to Germany. He states his intention to run the liner aground on a reef off the southern coast of England, to allow the passengers to be rescued and reach safety there.
Shortly before the film's end, it is revealed that the governments of Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom have each agreed to accept a share of the passengers as refugees. As they cheer and clap at the news, footnotes disclose the fates of some of the main characters, suggesting that more than 600 of the 937 passengers, who did not resettle in the United Kingdom but in the other European nations, ultimately were deported and were murdered in Nazi concentration camps.
The movie was filmed on board the chartered Italian ocean liner Irpinia, which was fitted with two false funnels in order to resemble St. Louis. It was also shot on location in Barcelona, Spain, St. Pancras Chambers in London, and at the EMI Elstree Studios in Borehamwood, Hertfordshire.
The true death toll is uncertain. The 1974 book that was the basis of the film estimated a much lower number of deaths. By using statistical analysis of survival rates for Jews in various Nazi-occupied countries, Thomas and Morgan-Witts estimated the fate of the 621 St. Louis passengers who were not given refuge in Cuba or the United Kingdom (one died during the voyage): 44 (20%) of the 224 refugees that settled in France likely were murdered in the Holocaust, 62 (29%) Holocaust murders amongst the 214 that reached Belgium, and 121 (67%) Holocaust murders amongst the 181 that settled in the Netherlands, for a total of 227 (37%) of the refugees that came under occupation were likely murdered by the Nazis. In 1998, Scott Miller and Sarah Ogilvie of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum traced the survivors from the voyage, concluding that a total of 254 refugees were murdered by the Nazis.
The film was nominated for three Academy Awards:
It was nominated for six Golden Globe Awards, winning one:
It was nominated in the categories of:
|Voyage of the Damned|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Recorded||12 and 13 April 1977 |
|Lalo Schifrin chronology|
All tracks are written by Lalo Schifrin.
|2.||"House Painter March"||1:49|
|4.||"What's Past is Past; Affirmation of Love"||2:51|
|6.||"The Arrival; Theme of Hope"||3:21|
|7.||"The Captain; Goodbye Aunt Jenny; We Need Help"||3:11|
|8.||"So Many Things I Wanted to Say"||2:08|
|9.||"To Be A Woman"||2:07|
|10.||"Tragedy; Time Pulse"||3:59|
|11.||"Our Prayers Have Been Answered"||2:16|
|12.||"End Credits (Foxtrot)"||2:30|