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|Voiceless velar affricate|
The voiceless velar affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound are ⟨k͡x⟩ and ⟨k͜x⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
k_x. The tie bar may be omitted, yielding ⟨kx⟩ in the IPA and
kx in X-SAMPA.
Some languages have the voiceless pre-velar affricate, which is articulated slightly more front compared with the place of articulation of the prototypical voiceless velar affricate, though not as front as the prototypical voiceless palatal affricate - see that article for more information.
Conversely, some languages have the voiceless post-velar affricate, which is articulated slightly behind the place of articulation of the prototypical voiceless velar affricate, though not as back as the prototypical voiceless uvular affricate - see that article for more information.
Features of the voiceless velar affricate:
|Bavarian||Dialects spoken in Tyrol||Kchind||[ˈk͡xind̥]||'child'|
|Dutch||Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect||blik||[ˈblɪk͡x]||'plate'||Optional pre-pausal allophone of /k/.|
|English||Broad Cockney||cab||[ˈk͡xɛˑb̥]||'cab'||Possible word-initial, intervocalic and word-final allophone of /k/. See English phonology|
|New Zealand||Word-initial allophone of /k/. See English phonology|
|North Wales||[ˈk͡xaˑb̥]||Word-initial and word-final allophone of /k/; in free variation with a strongly aspirated stop [kʰ]. See English phonology|
|Received Pronunciation||Occasional allophone of /k/. See English phonology|
|Scouse||Possible syllable-initial and word-final allophone of /k/. See English phonology|
|German||Standard Austrian||Kübel||[ˈk͡xyːbœl]||'bucket'||Possible realization of /k/ before front vowels. See Standard German phonology|
|Old dialect of Dinkelberg||Anke||[ˈɑŋk͡xə]||'butter'|
|Swiss dialects||Sack||[z̥ɑk͡x]||'bag'||May be actually uvular [q͡χ] in some dialects.|
|Korean||크다 (keuda)||[k͡xɯ̽da]||'big'||Allophone of /kʰ/ before /ɯ/. See Korean phonology|
|Lakota||lakhóta||[laˈk͡xota]||'Lakota'||Allophone of /kʰ/ before /a/, /ã/, /o/, /ĩ/, and /ũ/.|
|Navajo||[example needed]||Allophone of /kʰ/ before the back vowels /o, a/. See Navajo phonology|
|!Xóõ||[example needed]||Used in pulmonic-contour clicks.|