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Voiceless palatal lateral affricate

Voiceless palatal lateral affricate
cʎ̥˔

The voiceless palatal lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. There are two ways it can be represented: Either by using the IPA as ⟨c͡ʎ̥˔⟩, or by using the non-IPA sign for the voiceless palatal lateral fricative as ⟨c͡⟩.

Features

Features of the voiceless alveolar lateral affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its place of articulation is palatal, which means it is articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

The sound occurs in Hadza and, as a palatal lateral ejective affricate (see), in Dahalo.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Hadza tlakate [c͡akate] 'rhinoceros' Contrasts with ejective and aspirated forms. Although initial contact varies from alveolar to palatal, frication is always palatal.