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|Voiceless labialized velar approximant|
The voiceless labialized velar (labiovelar) approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʍ⟩ (a rotated lowercase letter ⟨w⟩) or ⟨w̥⟩.
[ʍ] is generally called a "fricative" for historical reasons, but in English, the language for which the letter ⟨ʍ⟩ is primarily used, it is a voiceless approximant, equivalent to [w̥] or [hw̥]. The symbol is rarely appropriated for a labialized voiceless velar fricative, [xʷ], in other languages.
Features of the voiceless labial-velar approximant:
|Chinese||Taiwanese Hokkien||沃花/ak-hue||[ʔak̚˥ʔ ʍeː˥]||'(to) water flowers'|
|English||American Theater Standard||whine||[ʍaɪ̯n]||'whine'||Commonly transcribed as /hw/ for simplicity; contrasts with /w/. In General American and New Zealand English only some speakers maintain the distinction; in Europe, mostly heard in Irish and Scottish accents. See English phonology and phonological history of wh.|
|Conservative Received Pronunciation|
|Cultivated South African|
|Conservative General American|
|Hupa||tł'iwh||[t͡ɬʼiʍ]||'snake'||Contrasts with /w/ and /xʷ/|
|Italian||Tuscan||la qualifica||[lä ʍäˈliːfihä]||'the qualification'||Intervocalic allophone of /kw/. See Italian phonology|
|Nahuatl||Cuauhtēmallān||[kʷaʍteːmalːaːn]||'Guatemala'||Allophone of /w/ before voiceless consonants|
|Slovene||vse||[ˈʍsɛ]||'everything'||Allophone of /ʋ/ in the syllable onset before voiceless consonants, in free variation with a vowel [u]. Voiced [w] before voiced consonants. See Slovene phonology|
|Washo||Wáʔi||[ˈw̥aʔi]||'he's the one who's doing it'|