This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.
|Voiced uvular stop|
The voiced uvular stop or voiced uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɢ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
[ɢ] is a rare sound, even compared to other uvulars. Vaux (1999) proposes a phonological explanation: uvular consonants normally involve a neutral or a retracted tongue root, whereas voiced stops often involve advanced tongue root: two articulations that cannot physically co-occur. This leads many languages of the world to have a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] instead as the voiced counterpart of the voiceless uvular stop. Examples are Inuit; several Turkic languages such as Uyghur and Yakut; several Northwest Caucasian languages such as Abkhaz; and several Northeast Caucasian languages such as Ingush.
There is also the voiced pre-uvular stop in some languages, which is articulated slightly more front compared with the place of articulation of the prototypical voiced uvular stop, though not as front as the prototypical voiced velar stop. The International Phonetic Alphabet does not have a separate symbol for that sound, though it can be transcribed as ⟨ɢ̟⟩ (advanced ⟨ɢ⟩), ⟨ɡ̠⟩ or ⟨ɡ˗⟩ (both symbols denote a retracted ⟨ɡ⟩). The equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are
Features of the voiced uvular stop:
|Arabic||Sudanese||بقرة||[bɑɢɑrɑ]||'cow'||Corresponds to /q/ in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology|
|Yemeni||قات||[ɢɑːt] (help·info)||'Khat'||Some dialects. Corresponds to /q/ in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology|
|English||Australian||gaudy||[ˈɡ̠oːdɪi̯]||'gaudy'||Pre-uvular; allophone of /ɡ/ before /ʊ oː ɔ oɪ ʊə/. See Australian English phonology|
|Ket||báŋquk||[baŋ˩˧ɢuk˧˩]||'cave in the ground'||
Allophone of /q/ after /ŋ/.
|Nivkh||ньыӈ ӷан||[ɲɤŋ ɢæn]||'our dog'||Allophone of /q/.|
|Somali||Muqdisho||[muɢdiʃɔ]||'Mogadishu'||Allophone of /q/. See Somali phonology|
|Tlingit||ghooch||[ɢuːt͡ʃʰ]||'hill'||In American orthography, the 'g' is underlined; in Canadian, it is followed by an 'h'. See Tlingit phonology|
|!Xóõ||[nǀɢɑɑ̃]||'to be spread out'|
|Xumi||Lower||[Rɢʶo][clarification needed]||'to stew'||Somewhat affricated; occurs only in a few words. Corresponds to the cluster /Nɡ/ in Upper Xumi.|
|Yanyuwa||[ɡ̠uɟ̠uɭu]||'sacred'||Pre-uvular. Contrasts plain and prenasalized versions|