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|Voiced labiodental stop|
|IPA Number||102 408|
|Unicode (hex)||U+0062 U+032A|
The voiced labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a [b], but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [v]. This can be represented in the IPA as ⟨b̪⟩. A separate symbol that is sometimes seen, especially in Bantu linguistics but not recognized by the IPA, is the db ligature ⟨ȸ⟩.
The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, [p̪͡f] (voiceless labiodental affricate) and [b̪͡v] (voiced labiodental affricate) (that is, [ȹ͡f] and [ȸ͡v]), which unlike the bilabial-labiodental affricate [p͡f] of German are purely labiodental.
Features of the "voiced labiodental stop":
|Danish||Standard||véd||[b̪̆e̝ːˀð̠˕ˠ]||'know(s)'||Rather short; also described as an approximant [ʋ]. A rare alternative is a fricative [v]. See Danish phonology|
|Sika||[example needed]||Allophone of /ⱱ/ in careful pronunciation.|
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