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Voiced epiglottal affricate
voiced epiglottal affricate ( [ʡ͡ʢ] in IPA) is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as an epiglottal stop [ʡ] and released as a voiced epiglottal fricative [ʢ]. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.
Features of the voiced epiglottal affricate:
manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence. Its
place of articulation is epiglottal, which means it is articulated with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis. Its
phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation. It is an
oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only. It is a
central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides. The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
Mithun, Marianne (2001). The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN . 052129875X CS1 maint: ref=harv ( link)