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Segal was born on April 19, 1897, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the elder daughter of Jewish parents, Bernard Segal (a prominent physician) and Paula (née Hahn) Segal. Vivienne and her younger sister Louise were encouraged by their mother to pursue show business careers.
She may be best remembered for creating the role of Vera Simpson in Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's Pal Joey and introduced the song "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered". Pal Joey opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre December 25, 1940, with a cast that included Gene Kelly and June Havoc. She also starred as Morgan LeFay in the Rodgers and Hart revival of A Connecticut Yankee in 1942. One of Lorenz Hart's last songs, "To Keep My Love Alive", was written specifically for her in this show.
Since the 1940 production went unrecorded, a studio cast was assembled in 1950 to record the musical. In 2003, this recording was reissued by Columbia Broadway Masterworks in a release featuring such Rodgers and Hart tunes as “I Could Write a Book”, “Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered”, “Zip”, and “Take Him,” as well as two bonus tracks: Lang singing “I Could Write a Book” (from the CBS TV show Shower of Stars) and Segal—interviewed by Mike Wallace on the CBS Radio show Stage Struck—recalled Hart's promise to write her a show and then sings “Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered”. She was also a performer on the CBS Radio program Accordiana in 1934. She retired from acting in 1966 following a guest appearance on Perry Mason as Pauline Thorsen in "The Case of the Tsarina's Tiara."
|1929||Will You Remember?||Short.|
|1930||Song of the West||Virginia||Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Lost film.|
|1930||Bride of the Regiment||Countess Anna-Marie||Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Lost film.|
|1930||Golden Dawn||Dawn||Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Survives in black and white.|
|1930||Viennese Nights||Elsa Hofner||Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Survives in color.|
|1934||The Cat and the Fiddle||Odette||Filmed in black and white with Technicolor finale.|
|1934||Soup for Nuts||Prima Donna||Short.|
Vivienne Segal, a musical-comedy star who appeared on Broadway in 'The Desert Song,' 'No, No, Nanette,' and 'Pal Joey,' died yesterday in Los Angeles. She was 95 years old and lived in Beverly Hills. She died of heart failure, said Robert Sidney, a friend. ...
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