Vishwakarma/Biswakarma is worshiped throughout India in two versions. Mainly in North India Viswakarma is an aged deva, whereas in the Bengal region Biswakarma is a young deva. In the pictures are the North Indian version (left) and the Bengali version (right)
|Mantra||Om Vishwakarmane Namah|
Elephant (Bengali version)
|Offspring||Saranyu and her shadow Chhaya,Manu, Maya, Trisiras, Viswajna, Silpy|
Vishvakarman (Sanskrit: विश्वकर्मन्, Viśvakarman; lit. "all creating") is the Personification of ultimate reality and deity of the creative power. He is believed to be one of the ancient architect or engineer who created and taught building of ancient monuments, architectures in Bharat, now India. According to the Rigveda It/He is considered to be the architect, divine engineer of universe from before the advent of time.
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Vishvakarman was originally used as an epithet for any supreme god and as an attribute of Indra and the Sun. The name Vishvakarman occurs five times in the tenth book of the Rigveda. The two hymns of the Rigveda identify Vishvakarman as all-seeing, and having eyes, faces, arms and feet on every side and also has wings. Brahma, the later god of creation, who is four-faced and four-armed resembles him in these aspects. He is represented as being the source of all prosperity, as swift as thought and titled a seer, priest, lord of speech.
The later parts of the Rigveda reveals efforts to find a satisfactory answer to the mysteries regarding the origin of the universe, the creation hymns present in these parts of the Rigveda mention individual creator gods as opposed to the collection of gods and their chiefs (Indra, Varuna, Agni, etc.) creating the world.
Vishwakarma is visualised as the Ultimate Reality (later developed as Brahman) in the Rig Veda, from whose navel all visible things Hiranyagarbha emanate. The same imagery is seen in Yajurveda purusha sukta, in which the divine smith Tvastar emerges from Vishwakarma. In the later puranic period this concept paved the way to the imagery of Brahma, Vishnu and Sadasiva. He is also sometimes referred to as Tvastar.
In the Vedic period the term first appeared as an epithet of Indra, Surya, and Agni. In that time the later developed creator concept of Brahma might have been intertwined with the concept of Vastospati and Bṛhaspati, or Brahmanaspathi In the last phase of vedic period and during the growth of monotheism, this realistic God concept becoming more abstract and one can see Vishwakarma [the invisible creative power] emerged as the supreme god who was perceived as a hotar, the unborn [Aja] creator and name giver of all other gods who have lot of faces, eyes and feet on every side; and who helps Tvastar, [the visible creative power of viswakarma] in producing all the Heavenly, Earthly and other Celestial realms and preserves them through the exercise of his arms and wings. He sacrificed himself to himself for the evolution of this visible world (Sarvamedha), thus he is Purusha or Narayana His attributes like Vachaspathy connect him with Brahaspathi (the Guru of Gods). Again, Yajurveda pictured him as the Prajapati and in the Atharva veda he is mentioned as Pashupati. Shwethashwatharopanishad described him as Rudrasiva, the one who is dwelling in all living forms. Na Bhoomir Na Jalam Chaiva Na Teejo Nacha Vaayavaha Na chakasam na chitthasha Na budhi khrana gocharam Nacha Brahmaa Na Vishnuscha Na Rudrascha Taarakaaha Sarvashoonya niralambam Swayambhu Viswakarmana.
According to the above hymn, from Moolastambha purana which is something similar to Nasadeeya suktha It/He was the one who created himself from himself when there was no earth, water, light, air and akasha, and even the Thrimurthies Later in the post vedic and brahmanic period, the term Vishwakarma is appeared both as the Rsi and the Silpi. In yajurveda the term is seen as one of names of pancha risis. Though the term is an epithet of suryanarayana, one of the seven rays of Surya is also known as Viswakarma. Bhauvana Vishwakarma (Atharva/Angirasa Gothra) is a vedic Rsi who was the author of Rg 10–81,82 suktha, (Prabasa Vishwakarma) was probably a silpi and the son of Prabhas, the eighth hermit of the legendary Astam vasu and Yogasiddha, sister of Brihaspati. He is said to have revealed the Sthapatya Veda / Vastu Shastra or fourth Upa-veda, and presides over the sixty-four mechanical arts.
Vishvakarma [ God ] created five prajapathies – from his five faces such as Sadyojāta, Vāmadeva, Aghora, Tatpuruṣha, Īsāna. They are Manu, Maya, Twosta, Silpy, Viswajna and their respective Rishis (Gothra rishis of Vishwakarma (caste))
In later puranas he is sometimes identified with vedic Tvastar. Silpi Vishwakarma is the designer of all the flying chariots of the gods, and all their weapons and divine attributes. Vishwakarma/Tvostar is also credited with creating the missiles used in the mythological era, including the Vajra, the sacred weapon of Lord Indra, from the bones of sage Dadhichi. He is regarded as the supreme worker, the very essence of excellence and quality in craftsmanship.
Since Vishwakarma is the divine engineer of the world, as a mark of reverence, he is not only worshiped by the engineering and architectural community but also by all professionals. It is customary for craftsmen to worship their tools in his name.
Silpy Vishwakarma is attributed a putative birthday by the Hindu religion. The more philosophical minded argue that it is impossible for the original Creator of everything to be born on a particular day. In Rig veda he is described as Swayambhu So it is a contradiction in terms since that presupposes another creator for Vishwakarma. The Vishwakarma Puja is celebrated in all parts of Nepal and India.
Even among those who believe that there is a birthday there is no agreement as to when it actually occurs. Visvakarma birthday is celebrated on two days under different names:
Hindu scriptures describe many of Vishwakarma's architectural accomplishments.
Through the four yugas (aeons of Hindu mythology), he had built several towns and temples for the gods. Among them were, in chronological order, Svarga (Heaven) in the Satya Yuga, Lanka in the treta Yuga, and Dwarka (Krishna's capital) in the dwapara Yuga.
According to Ramayana, 'Swarnalanka' or Golden Lanka was ruled by Ravana during the treta yuga. This is also the city where Ravana held Sita hostage. It is said that when Lord Shiva married Parvati, he asked Viswakarma to build a beautiful palace for them to reside in. Vishwakarma built a palace made of gold. For the housewarming ceremony, Shiva invited the wise Pulastya rishi (The Grandfather of Kubera and also Ravana) to perform the "Grihapravesh" ritual. After the sacred ceremony when Shiva asked Pulastya rishi to ask anything in return as "Dakshina", Pulastya, overwhelmed with the beauty and grandeur of the palace, asked Shiva for the golden palace itself. Shiva was obliged to accede to Pulastya's wish, and the Golden Lanka became his grandson Kubera's palace. The city of gold is said to have fallen into Ravana's hands when he overthrew his half brother Kubera.
Viswakarma is also supposed to have built Dwarka overnight. During the time of the Mahabharata, Lord Krishna is said to have lived in Dwarka, and made it his "Karma Bhumi" (center of operation). This land now located in today's Gujarat has become a well known pilgrimage for the Hindus.
Viswabrahmin community has different names in different states of India. For example, in south India these people use surnames as: Chary, Chari, Achari, Acharya, Vishwakarma, Vishwabrahmin, Sharma, Kammara, Kambara, Pathara, Kamsala, Bhadigere, Shilpi, Kancgara, Shetti etc. and in north India these people use surnames as: Panchal Brahmin, Dhiman Brahmin, Jangid Brahmin, Maithil Brahmin, Ramgarhia, Mistry, Maharana, Sharma,Viswakarma,Tarkhan, Kalsi, Malik, Mahule, Sonar, Suthar, etc.
Some of the famous people of this community from various fields include:
Shri Potuluri Veerabrahmendra Swamy, is one of the well known personalities in the modern era of viswabrahmin group.
D. Y. Senthil, Consultant (Vastu Vidyai, Aaroodam and Neer Oottam) of Tamil Nadu State belongs to Kamsala (Goldsmith) sect of Viswakarma.
Harshavardhana (The fourth pillar of Buddhism - Harsha belonged to the Vaishya caste. In Bengal, Vishwakarmas are classified as Vaishya and have the surname Kar.)
Rama (since his ancestor was the Sun who is a son of Vishwakarma)
Maya (father-in-law of Ravana) and many more
Dr. Samir Kumar Brahmachari former Director General of the CSIR and Former Secretary DSIR, He is the Founder Director of IGIB.
Prof. Raveesha, Chairman and HOD,Dept. of Microbiology, University of Mysore, is a renowned plant pathologist.
Dr. M Venu Chary Ph D from Indian Institute of Chemical Technology and PDF from Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Japan, did the first total synthesis of NADH oxidase inhibitor Circumdatin H, amarouciaxanthin A and B and 3′-Deoxycapsanthin and 3,4-Didehydroxy-3′-deoxycapsanthin.
M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar (First Tamil super star of Tamil film industry also called as MKT)
Dr. Brahmanandam (Guinness book of world record holder for the highest number of comedian roles in Telugu language)
Ramanand Sagar (Famous creator of television series Ramayana and Shri Krishna. Sagar is a common Vishwakarma surname in the state of MP and UP)
Gulzar (Famous Indian poet, lyricist, film-maker, director - Winner of the Academy Award (Oscar) for best original song lyrics in 2008 for the song 'Jai Ho' from the movie Slumdog Millionaire, along with A.R. Rahman)
Ajay Devgan (He is of Sikh Ramgarhia origin, Vishwakarma)
Prakash Jha (He is of Vishwakarma caste from Bihar. Jha is usually a Brahmin surname but is used by Vishwakarmas too)
Udit Narayan (He is of Vishwakarma caste from Bihar. Jha is usually a Brahmin surname but is used by Vishwakarmas too)
Kadaru nagabhushanam (great producer and great director from Telugu industry)
Eswar (the famous and great artist publicity designer.)
Anupoju brothers - famous still photographers in film industry.
Haridas (famous Malayalam film industry singer and judge of somany programs)
Asha Parekh (Hindi movies superstar actress. Parekh are the Goldsmith caste from Gujarat state)
V Santharam famous Hindi film director
K Vijayabhaskar famous film Director Telugu industry (directed Malleswari, nuvvu naaku nachhav, jai chiranjeeva etc. films)
Chintada mohan basheer babu asst art director Tamil film industry
Prabhakar famous T V anchor and film artist (father is traditional carpenter)
Kaveri Zhaa - upcoming heroine
Elanchezhian (A great patriot of karikala cholan dynasty and plays a major role in constructing kallanai dam)
Harbhajan Singh (Great Indian spin bowler)
Monty Panesar (Great spin bowler from the UK)
Gursharan Singh (Played for the Indian test team)
Virender Singh (Famous right-half of the Indian hockey team that won the 1975 World Cup)
Joginder Singh Gindi (Member, Indian Hockey Team in the 60s)