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Vincenzo Maria Borg
Bust of Vincenzo Borg, "Brared", at the St Helen's Basilica Museum
|Born||11 January 1777|
|Died||18 July 1837 (aged 60)|
|Burial place||Collegiate Parish Church of Birkirkara|
|Occupation||Merchant and lieutenant|
|Service/||National Congress Battalions|
|Battles/wars||Siege of Malta (1798–1800)|
|Awards||Pro Patria gold medal (1801)|
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (1833)
Vincenzo Maria Borg (Maltese: Ċensu Maria Borg, 11 January 1777 – 18 July 1837), also known by his nickname Brared (or Braret), was a Maltese merchant who was one of the main insurgent leaders during the French blockade of 1798–1800. He was a lieutenant from 1801 until his was deposed in January 1804.
Ċensu Borg, nicknamed Brared, was born on 11 January 1777 in the town of Birkirkara. He was one of the leading cotton merchants in Malta, and was a popular figure on the island. As part of his business, he used to sell products called brared (singular: barrada) and thus origins his nickname.
When the Maltese rebelled against the French occupation in 1798, Brared was chosen by the inhabitants of Birkirkara and Mosta as their leader. He was in charge of the largest battalion among the insurgent army, and became one of the main leaders in the uprising, along with Emmanuele Vitale and Francesco Saverio Caruana. He has financed a number of soldiers throughout the blockade.
Throughout the blockade, capomastri under Brared's command built a number of batteries to bombard French positions and prevent a counterattack, including Għargħar Battery, Ta' Għemmuna Battery and several batteries at Sliema. Brared had his field headquarters at Ta' Xindi Farmhouse, today one of the few surviving landmarks of the blockade.
On 4 February 1799, Brared suggested to Captain Alexander Ball that Malta be placed under British protection, and he hoisted the first British flag on the island. On 2 February 1801, Brared was awarded the gold Pro Patria medal in recognition of his role in the blockade. He became the lieutenant of Birkirkara and Mosta from 1801 to 1804. He quarreled with Ball in January 1804 due to alleged political intrigues, and was placed under house arrest. He was made a knight of the Order of St Michael and St George on 9 February 1833.
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