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|Nickname(s): Vizhimaa nagaram|
|• Type||Selection Grade Municipality|
|• Body||Viluppuram Municipality|
|• Chairman||G. Bhaskaran|
|• Total||33.13 km2 (12.79 sq mi)|
|Elevation||44 m (144 ft)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91–4146(STD Code)|
|Distance from Chennai||160 kilometres (99 mi)|
|Distance from Madurai||305 kilometres (190 mi)|
|Distance from Bengaluru||269 kilometres (167 mi)|
|Sex ratio||1019 ♂/♀|
Viluppuram( pronunciation (help·info)) (also spelled as Villupuram and Vizhupuram) is a Municipality and the administrative headquarters of Viluppuram district, the largest district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Located 61 kilometres (38 mi) south east of a Tiruvannamalai and 45 kilometres (28 mi) north west of Cuddalore. The city serves as a major railway junction, and National Highway 45 passes through it. With agriculture as its main source of income, As of Government of India 2014 data, Viluppuram had a population of 96253 and the city's literacy rate has been recorded as 90.16% by Census 2011.
In 1919, Viluppuram was officially constituted as a municipality, which today comprises 42 wards, making it the largest town and municipality in Viluppuram district.
In 1677, Shivaji took Gingee area with the assistance of Golkonda forces. Later in 18th century, both the English and French acquired settlements in South Arcot. During the Anglo-French rivalry, the entire district was turned into a war land. After some time, the entire area came under the control of East India Company. It remained under British authority till 1947 when India became independent.
Viluppuram is located in 11° 56' N 79° 29' E. which is in the far southeast part of India, situated 160 kilometres (99 mi) south of Chennai, 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Trichy, 177 kilometres (110 mi) east of Salem, 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Pondicherry shares the seashore of the Bay of Bengal.
The area contains metamorphic rocks formed by pressure and heat belonging to the granite-like gneiss family. There are also three major groups of sedimentary rocks, layers of particles that settled in different geological periods. Kalrayan Hills  forest park is located 116 kilometres (72 mi) to the west and Gingee Hills forest park 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the north. The Thatagiri Murugan Temple is about 191 kilometres (119 mi) to the southeast in Senthamangalam with the Lord Siva temple in Koppampatti 153 kilometres (95 mi) southwest of the town.
As of the 2011 census[update], Viluppuram municipality was divided into 44 wards for which elections are held every five years and had a population of 145,874 of which 72,614 were male and 73,260 female. The population of children aged 0–6 was 10,217, which was 10.61% of the total population. The female sex ratio was 1,019 against a state average of 996. The child sex ratio was around 990 compared to the Tamil Nadu state average of 943. The literacy rate of Viluppuram City was 90.16%, higher than the state average of 80.09%. In Viluppuram, male literacy was around 94.93% while female literacy rate was 85.50%.
Out of the total population, 33,597 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 26,828 were males while 6,769 were females. In census survey, the worker is defined as a person who does business, job or service, and cultivator and labor activity. Of total 33597 working population, 85.69% were engaged in Main Work while 14.31% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.
|Member of Legislative Assembly||C. Ve. Shanmugam|
|Member of Parliament||S. Rajendran|
Politically, Viluppuram is part of the Villuppuram Lok Sabha constituency and the Viluppuram State Assembly constituency. The municipality was established in 1919 and was upgraded to a second-grade municipality in 1953, the first-grade municipality in 1973, and a selection grade municipality in 1988. It has a population of 145874 (2011 census) and an area of 8.36 square kilometres (3.23 sq mi). The town is divided into 44 wards. The municipal council is composed of 44 ward councilors and is headed by a chairperson elected by voters of the town. Councilors-elect a vice-chairperson among themselves while the executive wing is headed by a commissioner, who is assisted by a team of officials including the health officer, municipal engineer, town planning officer, manager, revenue officer and other staff.
Viluppuram is connected by roads to major cities and to the rest of the state. The major national highways of the town are:
Viluppuram has a railway station. It was first built under the British. The Viluppuram Railway Junction at Viluppuram serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern part of the state. It is one of the important junctions in Southern Railway. Five railway lines branch out of Viluppuram:
Since the town is landlocked, the weather in Viluppuram is generally humid and hot. It relies on the monsoon for rain during October, November and December. Summers are very hot, and temperatures can get up to 40 °C (104 °F). Winters are moderate with temperatures ranging between 30 and 35 °C (86 and 95 °F) Viluppuram has a tropical climate. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Viluppuram than in summer. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification.
The average annual temperature is 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in Viluppuram with average annual rainfall of 1,046 millimetres (41.2 in). The driest month is March, with 6 millimetres (0.24 in) of rainfall. With an average of 222 millimetres (8.7 in) per annum, the most precipitation falls in October. The warmest month of the year is May, with an average temperature of 32.0 °C (89.6 °F). January has the lowest average temperature of the year at 24.6 °C (76.3 °F)
|Climate data for Viluppuram|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.8
|Average low °C (°F)||20.4
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||20
The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 216 millimetres (8.5 in). During the year, the average temperatures vary by 7.4 °C (45.3 °F).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Viluppuram.|
Villupuram District Viluppuram Junction Villupuram