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Vice President of Iraq

Vice President of Republic of Iraq
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg
Incumbent
Nouri al-Maliki
Osama al-Nujaifi
Ayad Allawi

since 10 October 2016
StyleHis Excellency
AppointerParliamentary vote on the names submitted by the President[1]
Term lengthFour years
Formation14 July 1958
10 October 2016 (restored)
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraq
Constitution
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Iraq has three vice presidents or deputy presidents, although a debate is ongoing about whether the position should be abolished.

The office of Vice-President was historically largely ceremonial but prestigious. In post-war Iraq, the Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates a three-member Presidency (or Presidential) Council, consisting of the President of the Republic and two deputy presidents, who must act in unison. The Presidency Council had three members to accommodate Iraq's three largest groups: Sunni Muslim Arabs, Shiite Muslim Arabs, and the mostly Sunni Kurds. As a unit, the Presidency Council was meant to symbolize the unity of the nation. This arrangement is required by the constitution to continue until the Council of Representatives, enters its second set of sessions. At this point, the Presidency Council would be replaced by a solitary President of the Republic, who would have only one deputy, the Vice-President. In any case, the Presidency is appointed by the Council of Representatives. The three-member arrangement was a hold-over from the Iraqi interim government and the Iraqi Transitional Government.

On September 2014, three new Vice Presidents were elected: former Prime Ministers Nouri al-Maliki and Ayad Allawi and former Speaker of Parliament Osama al-Nujaifi.[2]

On August 11, 2015 the Council of Representatives approved the al Abadi government plan to abolish the posts of both Vice President and Deputy Prime Minister. [3] Later, Osama al-Nujaifi filed a complaint against the decision, considering it to be against the Constitution.[4] Also Nuri al-Maliki promised to cling to his post.[5] On 10 October 2016, the three posts of Vice President were restored by the Supreme Court of Iraq which deemed their abolition unconstitutional.[6]

List of officeholders

Under Iraqi Republic and Ba'athist Iraq

The Ba'athist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein also used the office of Vice President. However, the post was not as influential as the Vice Chairmen of the Revolutionary Command Council. Vice Presidents were appointed at the discretion of the President.

Name Portrait Lifespan Took office Left office Political party President Notes
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
أحمد حسن البكر
Ahmad Hassan el Bakr.jpg 1914–1982 November 1963 January 1964 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Abdul Salam Arif
Saddam Hussein
صدام حسين
Saddam Hussein in 1998.png 1937–2006 July 1968 July 1979 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Hardan al-Tikriti
حردان عبدالغفار التكريتي
Hardan al-Tikriti.jpg 1925–1971 April 1970 October 1970 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
[7]
Salih Mahdi Ammash
صالح مهدي عماش
Coat of arms of Iraq (1965-1991).svg 1924–1985 April 1970 December 1971 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
[8]
Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf
Coat of arms of Iraq (1991–2004).svg c. 1929–2009 April 1974 May 2003 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Saddam Hussein
[9][10][11]
Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
عزة إبراهيم الدوري
Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri portrait.png 1942– July 1979 May 2003 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Saddam Hussein
Taha Yassin Ramadan
طه ياسين رمضان الجزراوي‎
Taha Yassin Ramadan in 1998.png 1938–2007 March 1991 May 2003 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
[12]

Republic of Iraq since 2004

Name Portrait Lifespan Took office Left office Political party President Notes
Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري
Ibrahim al-Jaafari 2014.jpg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Islamic Dawa Party Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer [13]
Rowsch Shaways
روز نورى شاويس
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party [14]
Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي
ADIL ABD AL-MAHDI iq.jpg 1942– 7 April 2005 11 July 2011 Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq Jalal Talabani [15][16]
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور
Ghazi al Jawar.jpg 1958– 7 April 2005 22 April 2006 The Iraqis
Tariq al-Hashimi
طارق الهاشمي
Tariq Al-Hashimi.jpg 1942– 22 April 2006 10 September 2012 Iraqi Islamic Party [17]
Khodair al-Khozaei
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg 1947– 13 May 2011 9 September 2014 Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation Jalal Talabani
Fuad Masum
[18]
Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Islamic Dawa Party Fuad Masum [19]
Osama al-Nujaifi
أسامة النجيفي
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Muttahidoon [20]
Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1944– 9 September 2014 11 August 2015 Iraqi National Accord [21]
Post abolished (11 August 201510 October 2016)[5]
Post restored (10 October 2016–present)[6]
Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 10 October 2016 Incumbent Islamic Dawa Party Fuad Masum
Bahram Salih
[22][23]
Osama al-Nujaifi
أسامة النجيفي
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 10 October 2016 Incumbent Muttahidoon [24][25]
Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1945– 10 October 2016 Incumbent Iraqi National Accord [26][27]

See also

References

  1. ^ [www.thebaghdadpost.com]
  2. ^ [web.archive.org]
  3. ^ "Premature excitement about Iraq's new government reforms". Washington Post.
  4. ^ "Iraq vice president files court case to keep his post".
  5. ^ a b Al-awsat, Asharq (1 September 2015). "Iraq: Maliki, Nujaifi say PM's decision to cancel vice president posts "unconstitutional"".
  6. ^ a b "Iraqi court nullifies Abadi's earlier decision to sack 3 vice president posts". Xinhua. 11 October 2016.
  7. ^ [hdl.handle.net]
  8. ^ [hdl.handle.net]
  9. ^ [hdl.handle.net]
  10. ^ [hdl.handle.net]
  11. ^ [hdl.handle.net]
  12. ^ [hdl.handle.net]
  13. ^ [www.gutenberg.org]
  14. ^ [www.gutenberg.org]
  15. ^ [english.people.com.cn]
  16. ^ (USA Today)
  17. ^ [english.people.com.cn]
  18. ^ [english.people.com.cn]
  19. ^ [web.archive.org]
  20. ^ [web.archive.org]
  21. ^ [web.archive.org]
  22. ^ "'I will declare independent Kurdistan if Al-Maliki returns to power,' warns Barzani". Middle East Monitor. 23 January 2017.
  23. ^ "Barzani says to declare Kurdistan's independence if Maliki returns as Iraq PM". Iraqi News. 23 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Will Mosul witness a political battle post-IS?". Al-Monitor. 18 February 2017.
  25. ^ "Iraq cuts off support for PKK, vice president says". TRT World. 13 February 2017.
  26. ^ "Iraq VP accuses Iran of violating Iraqi sovereignty in the Arabian Gulf". Middle East Monitor. 16 February 2017.
  27. ^ "ISHM: February 3 - 9, 2017". Reliefweb.int. 9 February 2017.