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Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission

This article is part of a series on the
Politics of China

The office of Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) functions as the deputy to the CMC Chairman. Currently, two People's Liberation Army generals serve as vice-chairman.

Party commissions

CPC Central [Revolutionary] Military Commission (1937–49)

Vice-Chairmen of the Central Revolutionary Military Commission (August 1937 – August 1945) → Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (August 1945 – September 1949), a.k.a. the Chinese People‘s Revolutionary Military Commission (November 1948 – September 1949)
Military rank Name
(birth–death)
Hanzi Took office Left office Tenure Term(s) Portrait
General
(Republic of China, awarded 1937)
(later Marshal of the People's Republic of China, awarded 1955)
Zhu De
(1886–1976)
朱德 August 1937 September 1949 12 years, 60 days 6th, 7th
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China, awarded 1937)
Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976)
周恩来 August 1937 September 1949 12 years, 60 days 6th, 7th
Wang Jiaxiang
(1906–1974)
王稼祥 November 1938 August 1945 6 years, 273 days 6th, 7th
Liu Shaoqi
(1898–1969)
刘少奇 March 1943 September 1949 6 years, 213 days 6th, 7th
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China, awarded 1937)
(later Marshal of the People's Republic of China, awarded 1955)
Peng Dehuai
(1898–1974)
彭德怀 August 1945 September 1949 4 years, 60 days 7th

CPC Central Military Commission (1954–present)

Vice-Chairmen of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (September 1954 – present)
Military rank Name
(birth–death)
Hanzi Took office Left office Tenure Term(s) Portrait
Marshal Lin Biao
(1907–1971)
林彪 1959 13 September 1971 12 years, 255 days 8th, 9th
Marshal He Long
(1896–1969)
贺龙 1959 24 April 1969 10 years, 113 days 8th
Marshal Nie Rongzhen
(1889–1992)
聂荣臻 1959 1 November 1987 28 years, 304 days 8th, 9th, 10th,
11th, 12th
Marshal Chen Yi
(1901–1971)
陈毅 January 1966 6 January 1971 5 years, 5 days 8th, 9th
Marshal Liu Bocheng
(1892–1986)
刘伯承 January 1966 11 September 1982 16 years, 253 days 8th, 9th, 10th,
11th
Marshal Xu Xiangqian
(1901–1990)
徐向前 January 1966 1 November 1987 21 years, 304 days 8th, 9th, 10th,
11th, 12th
Marshal Ye Jianying
(1897–1986)
叶剑英 January 1966 22 October 1986 20 years, 294 days 8th, 9th, 10th,
11th, 12th
Deng Xiaoping
(1904–1997)
邓小平 January 1975 April 1976 1 year, 91 days 10th
1977 28 June 1981 4 years, 178 days 11th
Yang Shangkun
(1907–1998)
杨尚昆 11 September 1982 18 October 1992 10 years, 37 days 12th, 13th
Zhao Ziyang
(1907–1998)
赵紫阳 1 November 1987 23 June 1989 1 year, 234 days 13th
General Liu Huaqing
(1916–2011)
刘华清 9 November 1989 18 September 1997 7 years, 313 days 13th, 14th
General Zhang Zhen
(born 1914)
张震 18 October 1992 18 September 1997 4 years, 335 days 14th
General Chi Haotian
(born 1929)
迟浩田 28 September 1995 15 November 2002 7 years, 48 days 14th, 15th
General Zhang Wannian
(1928–2015)
张万年 28 September 1995 15 November 2002 7 years, 48 days 14th, 15th
Hu Jintao
(born 1942)
胡锦涛 22 September 1999 19 September 2004 4 years, 363 days 15th, 16th
General Guo Boxiong
(born 1942)
郭伯雄 15 November 2002 15 November 2012 10 years, 0 days 16th, 17th
General Cao Gangchuan
(born 1935)
曹刚川 15 November 2002 21 October 2007 4 years, 340 days 16th
General Xu Caihou
(1943–2015)
徐才厚 19 September 2004 15 November 2012 8 years, 57 days 16th, 17th
Xi Jinping
(born 1953)
习近平 18 October 2010 15 November 2012 2 years, 28 days 17th
General Fan Changlong
(born 1947)
范长龙 4 November 2012 25 October 2017 4 years, 355 days 18th Fan Changlong in May. 2015.jpg
Air Force General Xu Qiliang
(born 1950)
许其亮 4 November 2012 Incumbent 6 years, 40 days 18th, 19th Xu Qiliang.jpg
General Zhang Youxia
(born 1950)
张又侠 25 October 2017 Incumbent 1 year, 50 days 19th Zhang Youxia (2017-12-07) 3.jpg

State commissions

CPG People's Revolutionary Military Commission (1949–54)

Vice-Chairmen of the People's Revolutionary Military Commission of the Central People's Government (October 1949 – September 1954)
Military rank Name
(birth–death)
Hanzi Took office Left office Tenure Portrait
formerly
General
(Republic of China)
Zhu De
(1886–1976)
朱德 1 October 1949 27 September 1954 4 years, 361 days
Liu Shaoqi
(1898–1969)
刘少奇 1 October 1949 27 September 1954 4 years, 361 days
formerly
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China)
Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976)
周恩来 1 October 1949 27 September 1954 4 years, 361 days
formerly
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China)
Peng Dehuai
(1898–1974)
彭德怀 1 October 1949 27 September 1954 4 years, 361 days
formerly
General, 1st Class
(Republic of China)
Cheng Qian
(1882–1968)
程潜 19 October 1949 27 September 1954 4 years, 343 days
formerly
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China)
Lin Biao
(1907–1971)
林彪 5 November 1951 27 September 1954 2 years, 326 days
Gao Gang
(1905–1954)
高岗 5 November 1951 27 September 1954 2 years, 326 days
formerly
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China)
Liu Bocheng
(1892–1986)
刘伯承 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days
formerly
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China)
He Long
(1896–1969)
贺龙 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days
Chen Yi
(1901–1971)
陈毅 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days
Luo Ronghuan
(1902–1963)
罗荣桓 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days
formerly
Major General
(Republic of China)
Xu Xiangqian
(1901–1990)
徐向前 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days
formerly
Major General
(Republic of China)
Nie Rongzhen
(1889–1992)
聂荣臻 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days
formerly
Lieutenant General
(Republic of China)
Ye Jianying
(1897–1986)
叶剑英 19 June 1954 27 September 1954 110 days

PRC National Defense Council (1954–75)

Vice-Chairmen of the National Defense Council of the People's Republic of China (1954–1975)
Military rank Name
(birth–death)
Hanzi Took office Left office Tenure Term(s) Portrait
Marshal Zhu De
(1886–1976)
朱德 29 September 1954 28 April 1959 4 years, 211 days 1st
Marshal Peng Dehuai
(1898–1974)
彭德怀 29 September 1954 4 January 1965 10 years, 97 days 1st, 2nd
Marshal Lin Biao
(1907–1971)
林彪 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Marshal Liu Bocheng
(1892–1986)
刘伯承 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Marshal He Long
(1896–1969)
贺龙 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Marshal Chen Yi
(1901–1971)
陈毅 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Deng Xiaoping
(1904–1997)
邓小平 29 September 1954 1966 11 years, 94 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Marshal Luo Ronghuan
(1902–1963)
罗荣桓 29 September 1954 4 January 1965 10 years, 97 days 1st, 2nd
Marshal Xu Xiangqian
(1901–1990)
徐向前 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Marshal Nie Rongzhen
(1889–1992)
聂荣臻 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Marshal Ye Jianying
(1897–1986)
叶剑英 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
formerly
General, 1st Class
(Republic of China)
Cheng Qian
(1882–1968)
程潜 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
formerly
General, 2nd Class
(Republic of China)
Zhang Zhizhong
(1895–1969)
张治中 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
formerly
General, 2nd Class
(Republic of China)
Fu Zuoyi
(1895–1974)
傅作义 29 September 1954 13 January 1975 20 years, 196 days 1st, 2nd, 3rd
formerly
General, 2nd Class

(Republic of China)
Long Yun
(1884–1962)
龙云 29 September 1954 1 February 1958 3 years, 125 days 1st
formerly
General, 2nd Class
(Republic of China)
Wei Lihuang
(1897–1960)
卫立煌 28 April 1959 17 January 1960 264 days 2nd
formerly
General, 2nd Class
(Republic of China)
Cai Tingkai
(1892–1968)
蔡廷锴 16 April 1962 25 April 1968 6 years, 9 days 2nd, 3rd
Grand General Luo Ruiqing
(1906–1978)
罗瑞卿 4 January 1965 13 January 1975 10 years, 9 days 3rd

PRC Central Military Commission (1983–present)

Vice-Chairmen of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China (1983–present)
Military rank Name
(birth–death)
Hanzi Took office Left office Tenure Term(s) Portrait
Marshal Xu Xiangqian
(1901–1990)
徐向前 6 June 1983 13 April 1988 4 years, 312 days 6th
Marshal Ye Jianying
(1897–1986)
叶剑英 6 June 1983 13 April 1988 4 years, 312 days 6th
Yang Shangkun
(1907–1998)
杨尚昆 6 June 1983 31 March 1993 9 years, 298 days 6th, 7th
Zhao Ziyang
(1919–2005)
赵紫阳 25 April 1987 23 June 1989 2 years, 59 days 7th
General Liu Huaqing
(1916–2011)
刘华清 28 March 1993 5 March 1998 4 years, 342 days 8th
General Chi Haotian
(born 1929)
迟浩田 28 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 342 days 8th, 9th
General Zhang Wannian
(1928–2015)
张万年 28 March 1993 5 March 2003 9 years, 342 days 8th, 9th
Hu Jintao
(born 1942)
胡锦涛 October 1999 13 March 2005 5 years, 163 days 9th, 10th
General Guo Boxiong
(born 1942)
郭伯雄 16 March 2003 16 March 2013 10 years, 0 days 10th, 11th
General Cao Gangchuan
(born 1935)
曹刚川 16 March 2003 14 March 2008 4 years, 364 days 10th
General Xu Caihou
(1943–2015)
徐才厚 13 March 2005 14 March 2013 8 years, 0 days 10th, 11th
Xi Jinping
(born 1953)
习近平 28 October 2010 14 March 2013 2 years, 137 days 11th
General Fan Changlong
(born 1947)
范长龙 16 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 2 days 12th Fan Changlong in May. 2015.jpg
Air Force General Xu Qiliang
(born 1950)
许其亮 16 March 2013 Incumbent 5 years, 273 days 12th, 13th Xu Qiliang.jpg
General Zhang Youxia
(born 1950)
张又侠 18 March 2018 Incumbent 271 days 13th Zhang Youxia (2017-12-07) 3.jpg

See also