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Venezuelan Primera División

Liga FUTVE
Founded1957
CountryVenezuela
ConfederationCONMEBOL
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toSegunda División
Domestic cup(s)Copa Venezuela
International cup(s)Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current championsZamora (4th title)
(2018)
Most championshipsCaracas (11 titles)
WebsiteFVF's website
2019 season

The Primera División (pronounced [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]; English: First Division), or Liga Venezolana (locally [ˈliɣa βenesoˈlana]; English: Venezuelan League) is the top-flight professional football league of Venezuela. It was created in 1921 and turned professional in 1957. It's organized by the Federación Venezolana de Fútbol.

Format

The 20 teams play two single-round tournaments each year: the Apertura (February to June), and the Clausura (August to December). The league table is kept like a normal European league table, one point for ties, three points for wins.

The absolute champion is decided between the Apertura and Clausura champions. If the same team is the champions of both tournaments that team is the absolute champion.

International qualification

  • The winner of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments qualify to the group phase of the Copa Libertadores, (The absolute champion qualifies as Venezuela 1 and the runner up as Venezuela 2).
  • The team with the most points in the entire season (Apertura + Clausura) qualifies to the preliminary round of the Copa Libertadores as Venezuela 3.
  • The second and third team with the most points in the entire season qualifies to the Copa Sudamericana as Venezuela 1 and Venezuela 2.
  • If a team won both tournaments that team qualify to the Copa Libertadores as Venezuela 1, then the first and second team with the most points in the entire season qualify to the Copa Libertadores as Venezuela 2 and Venezuela 3 and the fourth and fifth team with the most points in the entire season qualify to the Copa Sudamericana as Venezuela 1 and Venezuela 2.
  • If the winner of the Copa Venezuela does not qualify to the Copa Libertadores through the aforementioned manners or through the point total in the entire season, they take the Venezuela 2 spot in the Copa Sudamericana.

Relegation

2019 teams

Team City Stadium Capacity
Academia Puerto Cabello Puerto Cabello La Bombonerita 7,500
Aragua Maracay Olímpico Hermanos Ghersi Páez 14,000
Atlético Venezuela Caracas Brígido Iriarte 10,000
Carabobo Valencia Misael Delgado 10,400
Caracas Caracas Olímpico de la UCV 23,940
Deportivo Anzoátegui Puerto La Cruz José Antonio Anzoátegui 37,485
Deportivo La Guaira Caracas Olímpico de la UCV 23,940
Deportivo Lara Cabudare Metropolitano de Cabudare 47,913
Deportivo Táchira San Cristóbal Polideportivo de Pueblo Nuevo 38,755
Estudiantes de Caracas Caracas Brígido Iriarte 10,000
Estudiantes de Mérida Mérida Metropolitano de Mérida 42,200
LALA Ciudad Guayana Polideportivo Cachamay 41,600
Llaneros Guanare Rafael Calles Pinto 13,000
Metropolitanos Caracas Olímpico de la UCV 23,940
Mineros Ciudad Guayana Polideportivo Cachamay 41,600
Monagas Maturín Monumental de Maturín 51,796
Portuguesa Acarigua General José Antonio Páez 18,000
Trujillanos Valera José Alberto Pérez 25,000
Zamora Barinas Agustín Tovar 29,800
Zulia Maracaibo José "Pachencho" Romero 40,800

List of Champions

Amateur Era

Season Champion Runner-up Third Place
1920–21 América Centro Atlético
1922 Centro Atlético América
1923 América Centro Atlético
1924 Centro Atlético Vargas
1925 Loyola Venzóleo
1926 Centro Atlético Venzóleo
1927 Venzóleo Centro Atlético Nueva Esparta
1928 Deportivo Venezuela Centro Atlético
1929 Deportivo Venezuela Unión
1930 Centro Atlético Unión
1931 Deportivo Venezuela Centro Atlético
1932 Unión Dos Caminos Deportivo Venezuela
1933 Deportivo Venezuela Dos Caminos
1934 Unión Dos Caminos
1935 Unión Dos Caminos
1936 Dos Caminos Centro Atlético Deportivo Venezuela
1937 Dos Caminos Litoral Centro Atlético
1938 Dos Caminos Litoral
1939 Unión Litoral
1940 Unión Dos Caminos Litoral
1941 Litoral Dos Caminos Unión
1942 Dos Caminos Loyola
1943 Loyola Litoral
1944 Loyola Dos Caminos
1945 Dos Caminos Loyola
1946 Deportivo Español Centro Atlético
1947 Unión Universidad Central
1948 Loyola Unión
1949 Dos Caminos Universidad Central
1950 Unión La Salle
1951 Universidad Central Loyola La Salle
1952 La Salle Loyola Universidad Central
1953 Universidad Central La Salle Vasco
1954 Vasco Loyola La Salle
1955 La Salle Deportivo Español Dos Caminos
1956 Banco Obrero La Salle Vasco

Professional Era

The Primera División turned professional on 21 February 1957.[1]

Season Champion Runner-up Third Place Topscorer(s)
1957 Universidad Central La Salle Banco Obrero Brazil Tonho (Universidad Central, 12 goals)
1958 Deportivo Portugués Deportivo Español Estudiantes Venezuela René Irazque (Portugués, 6 goals)
1959 Deportivo Español Deportivo Portugués Danubio Spain Abel Benítez (Deportivo Español, 15 goals)
1960 Deportivo Portugués Deportivo Español Deportivo Italia Spain José Luis Iglesias (Deportivo Portugués, 9 goals)
1961 Deportivo Italia Banco Agrícola y Pecuario Banco Francés–Italiano Venezuela Antonio Ravelo (Banco Agrícola y Pecuario, 11 goals)
1962 Deportivo Portugués Universidad Central Dos Caminos Brazil Jaime da Silva (Universidad Central, 16)
1963 Deportivo Italia Deportivo Portugués Tiquire Flores Brazil Nino (Deportivo Portugués, 15 goals)
1964 Deportivo Galicia Tiquire Flores Unión Deportiva Canarias Brazil Helio Rodrigues (Tiquire Flores, 12 goals)
1965 Lara Deportivo Italia Tiquire Flores Argentina Mario Mateo (Lara, 16 goals)
1966 Deportivo Italia Deportivo Portugués Deportivo Galicia Brazil Ratto (Deportivo Portugués, 20 goals)
1967 Deportivo Portugués Deportivo Galicia Lara Brazil Joao Ramos (Deportivo Portugués, 28 goals)
1968 Unión Deportiva Canarias Deportivo Italia Deportivo Portugués Brazil Raimundinho (Deportivo Portugués, 21 goals)
1969 Deportivo Galicia Valencia Deportivo Italia Brazil Eustaquio Batista (Deportivo Italia, 19 goals)
Brazil Lelo (Valencia, 19 goals)
1970 Deportivo Galicia Deportivo Italia Valencia Uruguay Roland Langon (Deportivo Galicia, 13 goals)
1971 Valencia Deportivo Italia Tiquire Aragua Brazil Agostinho Sabara (Tiquire Aragua, 20 goals)
1972 Deportivo Italia Deportivo Galicia Anzoátegui Venezuela Francisco Rodriguez (Anzoátegui, 18 goals)
1973 Portuguesa Valencia Estudiantes de Mérida Uruguay Jose Chiazzaro (Estudiantes de Mérida, 14 goals)
1974 Deportivo Galicia Portuguesa Estudiantes de Mérida Uruguay Jose Chiazzaro (Estudiantes de Mérida, 15 goals)
Uruguay Sergio Hugo Castillo (Anzoátegui Fútbol Club, 15 goals)
1975 Portuguesa Estudiantes de Mérida Deportivo Galicia Paraguay Pedro Pascual Peralta (Portuguesa, 20 goals)
1976 Portuguesa Estudiantes de Mérida Deportivo Portugués Paraguay Pedro Pascual Peralta (Portuguesa, 25 goals)
1977 Portuguesa Estudiantes de Mérida Valencia Brazil Jairzinho (Portuguesa, 20 goals)
Brazil Juan Cesar Silva (Portuguesa, 20 goals)
1978 Portuguesa Deportivo Galicia Estudiantes de Mérida Brazil Andrade (ULA Mérida, 23 goals)
1979 Deportivo Táchira Deportivo Galicia Universidad de Los Andes Uruguay Omar Ferrari (Deportivo Táchira, 15 goals)
1980 Estudiantes de Mérida Portuguesa Valencia Brazil Wilfrido Campos (Portuguesa, 12 goals)
1981 Deportivo Táchira Estudiantes de Mérida Valencia Colombia Rafael Angulo (Deportivo Táchira, 14 goals)
1982 San Cristóbal Deportivo Táchira Universidad de Los Andes Uruguay German Montero (Estudiantes, 21 goals)
1983 Universidad de Los Andes Portuguesa Deportivo Italia Venezuela Johnny Castellanos (Atlético Zamora, 13 goals)
1984 Deportivo Táchira Deportivo Italia Zamora Brazil Sergio Meckler (Zamora, 15 goals)
1985 Estudiantes de Mérida Deportivo Táchira Nacional Carabobo Brazil Sergio Meckler (Deportivo Táchira, 17 goals)
1986 Deportivo Táchira Estudiantes de Mérida Marítimo Venezuela Wilton Arreaza (Caracas, 8 goals)
1986–87 Marítimo Unión Atlético Táchira Estudiantes de Mérida Venezuela Johnny Castellanos (Portuguesa, 16 goals)
1987–88 Marítimo Unión Atlético Táchira Caracas Argentina Miguel González (Unión Atlético Táchira, 22 goals)
1988–89 Mineros Pepeganga Margarita Marítimo Venezuela Johnny Castellanos (Mineros, 24 goals)
1989–90 Marítimo Unión Atlético Táchira Minervén Venezuela Herbert Márquez (Marítimo, 19 goals)
1990–91 Universidad de Los Andes Marítimo Zamora Venezuela Alexander Bottini (Monagas, 15 goals)
1991–92 Caracas Minervén Marítimo Germany Andreas Vogler (Caracas, 25 goals)
1992–93 Marítimo Minervén Caracas Venezuela Herbert Márquez (Marítimo, 21 goals)
1993–94 Caracas Trujillanos Minervén Colombia Rodrigo Soto (Trujillanos, 20 goals)
1994–95 Caracas Minervén Trujillanos Brazil Rogeiro da Silva (Mineros, 30 goals)
1995–96 Minervén Mineros Caracas Venezuela Jose Luis Dolgetta (Caracas, 24 goals)
1996–97 Caracas Atlético Zulia Unión Atlético Táchira Venezuela Rafael Castellín (Caracas, 19 goals)
1997–98 Atlético Zulia Estudiantes de Mérida Deportivo Chacao Venezuela Jose Luis Dolgetta (Estudiantes de Mérida/Carabobo, 22 goals)
1998–99 Deportivo Italchacao Unión Atlético Táchira Estudiantes de Mérida Colombia Gustavo Fonseca (Internacional Lara, 24 goals)
1999–00 Deportivo Táchira Deportivo Italchacao Estudiantes de Mérida Venezuela Juan Enrique García (Caracas, 24 goals)
2000–01 Caracas Trujillanos Deportivo Italchacao Argentina Martín Brignani (Estudiantes de Mérida, 12 goals)
2001–02 Nacional Táchira Estudiantes de Mérida Monagas Venezuela Juan Enrique García (Nacional Táchira, 34 goals)
2002–03 Caracas Maracaibo Deportivo Italchacao Venezuela Juan Enrique García (Monagas/Mineros, 19 goals)
2003–04 Caracas Deportivo Táchira Mineros Venezuela Juan Enrique García (Mineros, 18 goals)
2004–05 Maracaibo Caracas Deportivo Táchira Argentina Daniel Delfino (Carabobo, 19 goals)
2005–06 Caracas Maracaibo Deportivo Táchira Venezuela Juan Enrique García (Deportivo Táchira, 21 goals)
2006–07 Caracas Maracaibo Mineros Colombia Robinson Rentería (Trujillanos, 19 goals)
2007–08 Deportivo Táchira Caracas Deportivo Anzoátegui Venezuela Alexander Rondon (Deportivo Anzoátegui, 19 goals)
2008–09 Caracas Deportivo Italia Deportivo Táchira Venezuela Daniel Arismendi (Maracaibo/Deportivo Táchira, 17 goals)
Venezuela Heatklif Castillo (Aragua, 17 goals)
2009–10 Caracas Deportivo Táchira Deportivo Italia Colombia Norman Cabrera (Atlético El Vigía, 20 goals)
2010–11 Deportivo Táchira Zamora Caracas Venezuela Daniel Arismendi (Deportivo Anzoátegui, 20 goals)
2011–12 Deportivo Lara Caracas Deportivo Anzoátegui Venezuela Rafael Castellín (Deportivo Lara, 21 goals)
2012–13 Zamora Deportivo Anzoátegui Caracas Panama Gabriel Torres (Zamora, 19 goals)
2013–14 Zamora Mineros Deportivo Táchira Venezuela Juan Falcón (Zamora, 19 goals)
2014–15 Deportivo Táchira Trujillanos Caracas Panama Edwin Aguilar (Deportivo Anzoategui, 23 goals)
2015 Zamora Deportivo La Guaira Mineros Venezuela Manuel Arteaga (Zulia, 17 goals)
2016 Zamora Zulia Carabobo Panama Gabriel Torres (Zamora, 22 goals)
2017 Monagas Deportivo Lara Carabobo Venezuela Anthony Blondell (Monagas, 24 goals)
2018 Zamora Deportivo Lara Caracas Venezuela Anthony Uribe (Zamora, 16 goals)

Titles by club

Clubs in bold compete in Primera División as of the current season. Clubs in italic no longer exist.

Club Winners Runners-Up Winning years Runners-Up years
Caracas 11 3 1991–92, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2009–10 2004–05, 2007–08, 2011–12
Deportivo Táchira 8 8 1979, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1999–00, 2007–08, 2010–11, 2014–15 1982, 1985, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1998–99, 2003–04, 2009–10
Unión 7 3 1932, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1950 1929, 1930, 1948
Dos Caminos 6 7 1936, 1937, 1938, 1942, 1945, 1949 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1940, 1941, 1944
Deportivo Italia 5 7 1961, 1963, 1966, 1972, 1998–99 1965, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1984, 1999–00, 2008–09
Portuguesa 5 3 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978 1974, 1980, 1983
Centro Atlético 4 7 1922, 1924, 1926, 1930 1921, 1923, 1927, 1928, 1931, 1936, 1946
Deportivo Galicia 4 5 1964, 1969, 1970, 1974 1967, 1972, 1978, 1979
Deportivo Portugués 4 2 1958, 1960, 1962, 1967 1959, 1963
Marítimo 4 1 1986–87, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1992–93 1990–91
Zamora 4[note 1] 1 2012–13, 2013–14, 2016, 2018 2010–11
Deportivo Venezuela 4 0 1928, 1929, 1931, 1933
Loyola 3 5 1925, 1943, 1944 1942, 1945, 1951, 1952, 1954
Universidad Central 3 3 1951, 1953, 1957 1947, 1949, 1962
Estudiantes de Mérida 2 6 1980, 1985 1975, 1976, 1977, 1981, 1986, 1997–98, 2001–02
Deportivo Español 2 3 1946, 1959 1955, 1958, 1960
La Salle 2 2 1952, 1955 1950, 1953
América 2 1 1921, 1923 1922
Universidad de Los Andes 2 0 1983, 1990–91
Litoral 1 4 1941 1937, 1938, 1939, 1943
Maracaibo 1 3 2004–05 2002–03, 2005–06, 2006–07
Minervén 1 3 1995–96 1991–92, 1992–93, 1994–95
Deportivo Lara 1 2 2011–12 2017, 2018
Mineros 1 2 1988–89 1995–96, 2013–14
Valencia 1 2 1971 1969, 1973
Venzóleo 1 2 1927 1925, 1926
Atlético Zulia 1 1 1997–98 1996–97
Banco Obrero 1 0 1956
Lara 1 0 1965
Monagas 1 0 2017
Nacional Táchira 1 0 2001–02
San Cristóbal 1 0 1982
Unión Deportiva Canarias 1 0 1968
Vasco 1 0 1954
  1. ^ Zamora won the Torneo de Adecuación in 2015, but this title is not counted as it was not a full season.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Se cumplen 54 años del primer partido de fútbol profesional en Venezuela" (in Spanish). avn.info.ve. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2014.

External links