Varkaus in July 2006
Location of Varkaus in Finland
|• Town manager||Hannu Tsupari|
|• Total||524.48 km2 (202.50 sq mi)|
|• Land||386.04 km2 (149.05 sq mi)|
|• Water||138.45 km2 (53.46 sq mi)|
|Area rank||206th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||51st largest in Finland|
|• Density||53.96/km2 (139.8/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.8%|
|• 15 to 64||64.7%|
|• 65 or older||20.5%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20%|
It is located in the province of Eastern Finland and is part of the Northern Savonia region. The municipality has a population of 20,830 (31 January 2019) and covers an area of 524.48 square kilometres (202.50 sq mi) of which 138.45 km2 (53.46 sq mi) is water. The population density is 53.96 inhabitants per square kilometre (139.8/sq mi).
The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Oddly enough, 'Varkaus' translates to 'theft', even though it is not the reason for giving that name to the city. In old Finnish the same word also meant strait, and this city is located in the lake district on straits between two parts of Lake Saimaa. An extension of the Saimaa Canal passes through the town.
Varkaus was born in the late 19th Century as an industrial community of the A. Ahlström paper mills. It was a part of the municipalities of Leppävirta and Joroinen until 1929 when Varkaus became a market town. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918 the town was taken over by the Reds, but because of its isolated location in rural Finland, it was soon taken by the Whites on the Battle of Varkaus 19–21 February. The whites proceeded to execute every tenth Red soldier.
The municipality of Kangaslampi was consolidated to Varkaus on 1 January 2005.
Varkaus is twinned with:
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