Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (India)
16th Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Mata Prasad Pandey, SP
Since 13 April, 2012
Deputy Speaker
Vacant
Leader of the House
Akhilesh Yadav, SP
Since 15 March 2012
Leader of Opposition
Gaya Charan Dinkar, BSP
Since 25 June 2016
Structure
Seats 403
Uttar pradesh legislative assembly
Political groups
SP (229)
BSP (79)
BJP (41)
INC (29)
RLD (8)
IND (8)
PP (4)
QED (2)
TMC (1)
AD (1)
IMC (1)
NCP (1) and
Vacant (1)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
8 February to 3 March, 2012
Meeting place
Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg
Vidhan Bhawan, Lucknow
Website
[www.uplegisassembly.gov.in]

The Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश विधान सभा) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has a total of 404 members including one Anglo-Indian member who is nominated by the Governor. Till 1967, it had a strength of 431 members including one nominated Anglo-Indian member. According to the recommendation of the Delimitation Commission, which is appointed after every Census, it was revised to 426. After reorganization of the State on 9 November 2000, the strength of the Legislative Assembly has become 404 including one nominated member to represent the Anglo-Indian community.[1] The Term of the Vidhan Sabha is five years unless dissolved earlier. The election for it is held on the principle of "one adult one vote".

History

Pre-independence

The Legislative Assembly for the United Provinces was constituted for the first time on 1 April 1937 in accordance with the Government of India Act, 1935. The strength of the Assembly as stipulated under the Act of 1935 was 228 and its term was five years. Sri Purushottam Das Tandon and Sri Abdul Hakim were elected the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker respectively on 31 July 1937.[2]

Post-independence

After Independence, the Legislative Assembly met for the first time on 3 November 1947. At its meeting on November 4, 1947, the Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution for the use of Hindi for the transaction of all its business and proceedings and accordingly all the business of the House was thereafter transacted in Hindi.

On February 25, 1948, the Assembly passed a resolution requesting the Governor to submit to the Governor General the request of the Assembly to the effect that the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad and the Oudh Chief Court be amalgamated.

Another important Resolution passed by the House on October 18, 1948 congratulated the Government of India, the military commanders and the soldiers on their successful police action against the Hyderabad State.[3]

Post-republichood

The first session of the U. P. Legislature (a provisional legislature) under the new Constitution, began on February 2, 1950 with an address by the Governor to both the Houses assembled together in the Assembly Hall. Prior to the commencement of the session, the Governor administered the oath to Hon'ble Sri P. D. Tandon and Hon'ble Sri Chandra Bhal respectively in their respective chambers, thereafter all other members present took oath or made affirmation, as required by the Constitution, in their respective Houses.

An important legislative measure passed in 1950 was the U. P. Language (Bills and Acts) Act, 1950, which provided that the language to be used in Bills and Acts shall be Hindi in Devanagri script. In 1951, the U. P. Official Language Act was passed adopting Hindi in Devanagri script as the language to be used for official purpose of the State.

On 11 August 1950 the Hon'ble Speaker Sri Purshottam Das Tandon resigned from his office. On 21 December 1950 the Deputy Speaker, Hon'ble Sri Nafisul Hasan was elected the Speaker. Hasan replied to the congratulatory speeches on the occasion, he declared that unlike his predecessor, he would not be taking part in politics as long as he remained the Speaker.

Sri Hargovind Pant was elected the Deputy Speaker on January 4, 1951.[4]

After the first elections

The newly elected Assembly of Uttar Pradesh met on May 19, 1952. On May 20, 1952, Hon'ble Sri Atma Ram Govind Kher was elected the Speaker. Govind Kher speaking on the occasion, said that of the two different conventions set by his two predecessors in office in the matter of taking part in politics he would like to follow neither but would strive to follow a middle course in this regard. He said that he would not take part in active politics nor hold any office in the Congress Party to which he belonged, but at the same time he would continue to be a member of that party and take part in non-controversial activities, particularly relating to social and developmental work.[5]

Summary of results (1951 - date)

Summary of results for Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections in UP from 1951 to date has been consolidated; see: Elections in Uttar Pradesh

Elections to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly were held in:

  1. 1951[6]
  2. 1957[7]
  3. 1962[8]
  4. 1967[9]
  5. 1969[10]
  6. 1974[11]
  7. 1977[12] Janata Party: 352, Congress: 47
  8. 1980[13] Congress: 309, Janata (Socialist) of Charan Singh: 59, BJP: 11
  9. 1985[14]
  10. 1989[15] Total: 425. JD: 208, INC: 94, BJP: 57
  11. 1991[16] Total: 425. BJP: 221, JD : 92, INC: 46, JP: 34, BSP: 12
  12. 1993[17] Total: 425. SP: 109, BSP: 67, BJP: 177, Cong: 28, Janta Dal: 27
  13. 1996[18] Total: 425. SP: 110, BSP: 67, BJP: 174, Cong: 33
  14. 2002[19] Total: 403. SP: 143, BSP: 98, BJP: 88, Cong: 25
  15. 2007[20] Total: 403. SP: 97, BSP: 206, BJP: 51, Cong: 22
  16. 2012[21] Total: 403. SP: 224, BSP: 80, BJP: 47, Cong: 28

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly terms

Following are the dates of constitution and dissolution of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. First sitting date and date of completion of term for each Vidhan Sabha can be different from the constitution and dissolution dates (respectively).[22]

Vidhan Sabha Constitution Dissolution Days
1st 20-May-1952 31-Mar-1957 1,776
2nd 01-Apr-1957 06-Mar-1962 1,800
3rd 07-Mar-1962 09-Mar-1967 1,828
4th 10-Mar-1967 15-Apr-1968 402
5th 26-Feb-1969 04-Mar-1974 1,832
6th 04-Mar-1974 30-Apr-1977 1,153
7th 23-Jun-1977 17-Feb-1980 969
8th 09-Jun-1980 10-Mar-1985 1,735
9th 10-Mar-1985 29-Nov-1989 1,725
10th 02-Dec-1989 04-Apr-1991 488
11th 22-Jun-1991 06-Dec-1992 533
12th 04-Dec-1993 28-Oct-1995 693
13th 17-Oct-1996 07-Mar-2002 1,967
14th 26-Feb-2002 13-May-2007 1,902
15th 13-May-2007 09-Mar-2012 1,762
16th 08-Mar-2012 -

Political parties

e • d Summary of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2012 result
Party Seats contested Seats won Seat change Vote share Swing
Samajwadi Party 232 Increase 135
Bahujan Samaj Party 80 Decrease 126
Bharatiya Janata Party 47 Decrease 4
Indian National Congress+Rashtriya Lok Dal+Nationalist Congress Party 38 Increase 5
Independents 14
Total - 403 -
Turnout: 59.5%
Source: Election Commission of India

Members of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly

The main section for this topic is on the page Sixteenth Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh, in the section List of constituencies and elected members.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ It stayed at 403 + 1 in the delimitation of 2008 which incorporated the 2001 census data. "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. 
  2. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  3. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  4. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  5. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1967 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1969 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1974 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1977 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1980 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1985 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1991 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1993 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  18. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1996 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  20. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2007 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 
  22. ^ "Vidhan Sabha terms". U.P. Assembly website. Retrieved Jan 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

References

External links