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|Latin: Schola Marpurgensis|
|Established||July 1, 1527|
|Budget||€ 335.6 million|
|Location||Marburg, Hesse, Germany|
|Affiliations||Compostela Group of Universities|
The Philipps University of Marburg (German: Philipps-Universität Marburg) was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, which makes it one of Germany's oldest universities and the oldest Protestant university in the world. It is now a public university of the state of Hesse, without religious affiliation. The University of Marburg has about 25,000 students and 7,500 employees, making Marburg, a town of 72,000 inhabitants, the proverbial "university town",[original research?] with university buildings dotted in or around the centre. About 12% of the students are international, the highest percentage in Hesse. It offers an International summer university programme and has a lively ERASMUS programme.
Marburg is home to one of Germany's most traditional medical faculties. The German physicians' union is called Marburger Bund.
In 1609, the University of Marburg established the world's first professorship in chemistry. In 2012 it opened the first German participative chemistry museum, called Chemicum. Its experimental course programme is aimed at encouraging young people to pursue careers in science.
20 professors were expelled in 1933, among them Wilhelm Röpke who emigrated and Hermann Jacobsohn who committed suicide.
The university is most famous for its life sciences research, but is also home to one of the few centers that conduct research on the middle east, the CNMS (center for near and middle eastern studies). The departments of psychology and geography enjoy an outstanding reputation and reached Excellence Group status in the Europe-wide CHE Excellence Ranking 2009.
The strong research is also illustrated by its participation in several SFBs (Sonderforschungsbereiche). These collaborative research centres are financed by the German Science Foundation DFG. They encourage researchers to cross the boundaries of disciplines, institutes, departments and faculties within the participating university. The current SFB at Philipps-University Marburg are:
Natural scientists who studied or taught at the University of Marburg:
Other notable students and faculty include:
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