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|Motto||Offen im Denken|
Motto in English
|Established||1654, re-established on 1 January 2003|
|Budget||€ 483 million|
|Location||Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany|
|Colours||Blue and White|
|Affiliations||Aurora, UAMR - University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr, DAAD, DFG, IRUN|
The University of Duisburg-Essen (German: Universität Duisburg-Essen) is a public university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr. It was founded in 1654 and re-established on 1 January 2003 as a merger of the Gerhard Mercator University of Duisburg and the University of Essen. Until 1994 the name of the Gerhard Mercator University was Comprehensive University of Duisburg.
Origins; The University of Duisburg (1555) Its origins date back to the 1555 decision of Duke Wilhelm V von Jülich-Kleve-Berg to create a university for the unified duchies at the Lower Rhine. To this end, it was necessary to obtain a permission of the emperor and the pope. Although the permission of the pope was granted in 1564 and of the emperor in 1566, the university was founded about ninety years later in 1654, after the acquisition of the duchy of Kleve by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. It opened on 14 October 1655 by Johannes Claudberg as their first rector. The university had four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Law and Arts. During its period of activity it was one of the central and leading universities of the western provinces of Prussia.
Only a few decades later the university was in competition with the much better equipped Dutch universities. Since only about one third of the population in the western provinces of Prussia were member of the reformed church, most Lutheran and Catholic citizens in the second half of the 18th century, sent their sons to other universities.
The university declined rapidly and was on 18 October 1818 due to a Cabinet Order of Friedrich Wilhelm III. officially closed. At the same time, the University of Bonn was founded. Large parts of the Duisburg University Library were relocated to Bonn and then formed the basis of the newly formed Bonn Library. Also the sceptre of the University of Duisburg was given to the University of Bonn, and is available until today.
In 1891 the Rheinisch-Westfälische Hüttenschule was settled from Bochum to Duisburg, which was later developed to the Königlich-Preußischen Maschinenbau- und Hüttenschule, and was renamed in 1938 to Public School of Engineering.
After a decision of the federal state government in 1960 the teacher training college of Kettwig was settled to Duisburg and was named Pedagogical University Ruhr. In 1968, the university was founded again in Duisburg, related to the old one, bearing the name: Comprehensive University of Duisburg. Initially only small, the university was developed rapidly in the 1970s up to about 15,000 students. In 1972 the Pedagogical University Ruhr and the Public School of Engineering, which was renamed in 1971 to University of applied sciences Duisburg. Other schools were also relocated to Duisburg. The University of Duisburg was then called Comprehensive University of Duisburg. In 1994 the university was renamed Gerhard Mercator University.
In 2003, Gerhard Mercator University merged with the University of Essen to form the University of Duisburg-Essen, which is today one of the largest universities in Germany with about 30,000 students.
In March 2007 the three universities of Bochum, Dortmund and Duisburg-Essen founded the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr, which now includes more than 120,00 students and 1,300 professors and is modelled on the University of California system.
In May 2018 the three members of the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr launched the Research Academy Ruhr (RAR), an inter- and university overarching program for the development and support of young scientists. The program is funded by the State of North Rhine- Westfalia (NRW) and the Mercator Research Center Ruhr (MERCUR) with €800,000 over the next four years and an additional €1 million being added by the three participating members of the University Alliance.
The University of Duisburg-Essen today has twelve faculties, listed below:
The NRW School of Governance is a central institution within the Institute for Political Science and was founded in 2006 under the direction of Karl-Rudolf Korte.
It aims, through appropriate research and teaching, to promote the scientifically sound understanding of political processes (in North Rhine-Westphalia) by educating and training students in three main programs
and through various other education modules.
On 8 November 2006, the NRW School of Governance was officially opened in a ceremony by the then Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Jürgen Rüttgers.
At the NRW School of Governance there are two "core professorships". Christoph Bieber is the holder of the Welker Endowed Professorship for Ethics in Political Management and Society, which focuses on ethical issues in the political decision-making process as well as questions about responsibility, trust, credibility and transparency in politics, the public and society.
The chair of the public policy and state politics professorship is Andreas Blätte.
Karl-Rudolf Korte is the Director of the NRW School of Governance.
The University of Duisburg-Essen awards the Mercator-Professur to individuals who are well known for their social and scientific engagement. So far, recipients of the Mercator-Professur have been:
In the same year Duisburg-Essen University was ranked number 17 in the World's top 100 universities under 50 years old, also by Times Higher Education.
In May 2018 the Centrum für Hochschulentwicklung (CHE - Center for Higher Education Development) rankings placed the university in the top ranks in different categories and fields, like the Physics department for seminar and lecture content and Biology, Computer Science, Math, Medicine and Sports for excellent programs and support in the early stages of starting at Essen-Duisburg.
In the European Commission funded U-Multirank system the university as a whole was ranked as “excellent” in the research categories “External research income”, “Top cited publications”, “Post-doc positions”, in the knowledge transfer categories “Income from private sources”, “Spin-offs” and “Publications cited in patents”. In the category international orientation Essen-Duisburg was rated “excellent” for their “International academic staff”.
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