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University of Duisburg-Essen

University of Duisburg-Essen
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Uni Duisburg.png
Motto Offen im Denken
Motto in English
Open-minded
Type Public
Established 1654, re-established on 1 January 2003
Budget € 483 million[1]
Chancellor Rainer Ambrosy
Rector Ulrich Radtke[de]
Academic staff
4,062[1]
Administrative staff
1,581[1]
Students 43,043 (2017)[2]
Location Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Campus Urban/Suburban
Colours Blue and White         
Affiliations Aurora, UAMR - University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr,[3] DAAD, DFG, IRUN
Website www.uni-due.de
The Founder Duke of the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Duisburg City
University

The University of Duisburg-Essen (German: Universität Duisburg-Essen) is a public university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr.[3] It was founded in 1654 and re-established on 1 January 2003 as a merger of the Gerhard Mercator University of Duisburg and the University of Essen.[4] Until 1994 the name of the Gerhard Mercator University was Comprehensive University of Duisburg.

With its 12 departments and more than 43,000 students,[5] the University of Duisburg-Essen is among the 10 largest German universities. Since 2014 research income has risen by 150 percent.[6]

History

Origins; The University of Duisburg (1555) Its origins date back to the 1555 decision of Duke Wilhelm V von Jülich-Kleve-Berg to create a university for the unified duchies at the Lower Rhine. To this end, it was necessary to obtain a permission of the emperor and the pope. Although the permission of the pope was granted in 1564 and of the emperor in 1566, the university was founded about ninety years later in 1654, after the acquisition of the duchy of Kleve by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. It opened on 14 October 1655 by Johannes Claudberg as their first rector.[7] The university had four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Law and Arts. During its period of activity it was one of the central and leading universities of the western provinces of Prussia.

Only a few decades later the university was in competition with the much better equipped Dutch universities. Since only about one third of the population in the western provinces of Prussia were member of the reformed church, most Lutheran and Catholic citizens in the second half of the 18th century, sent their sons to other universities.

The university declined rapidly and was on 18 October 1818[8] due to a Cabinet Order of Friedrich Wilhelm III. officially closed. At the same time, the University of Bonn was founded. Large parts of the Duisburg University Library were relocated to Bonn and then formed the basis of the newly formed Bonn Library. Also the sceptre of the University of Duisburg was given to the University of Bonn, and is available until today.

In 1891 the Rheinisch-Westfälische Hüttenschule was settled from Bochum to Duisburg, which was later developed to the Königlich-Preußischen Maschinenbau- und Hüttenschule, and was renamed in 1938 to Public School of Engineering.

After a decision of the federal state government in 1960 the teacher training college of Kettwig was settled to Duisburg and was named Pedagogical University Ruhr. In 1968, the university was founded again in Duisburg, related to the old one, bearing the name: Comprehensive University of Duisburg. Initially only small, the university was developed rapidly in the 1970s up to about 15,000 students. In 1972 the Pedagogical University Ruhr and the Public School of Engineering, which was renamed in 1971 to University of applied sciences Duisburg. Other schools were also relocated to Duisburg. The University of Duisburg was then called Comprehensive University of Duisburg. In 1994 the university was renamed Gerhard Mercator University.

In 2003, Gerhard Mercator University merged with the University of Essen to form the University of Duisburg-Essen, which is today one of the largest universities in Germany with about 30,000 students.

Recent developments

In March 2007 the three universities of Bochum, Dortmund and Duisburg-Essen founded the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr, which now includes more than 120,00 students and 1,300 professors[9] and is modelled on the University of California system.

In May 2018 the three members of the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr launched the Research Academy Ruhr (RAR), an inter- and university overarching program for the development and support of young scientists. The program is funded by the State of North Rhine- Westfalia (NRW) and the Mercator Research Center Ruhr (MERCUR) with €800,000 over the next four years and an additional €1 million being added by the three participating members of the University Alliance.[10]

Faculties and Institutions

Main faculties

The University of Duisburg-Essen today has twelve faculties, listed below:

Central scientific institutes

The NRW School of Governance

The NRW School of Governance is a central institution within the Institute for Political Science and was founded in 2006 under the direction of Karl-Rudolf Korte.

It aims, through appropriate research and teaching, to promote the scientifically sound understanding of political processes (in North Rhine-Westphalia) by educating and training students in three main programs

  1. Masters program: "Political Management, Public Policy and Public Administration"
  2. Part-time masters program: "Public Policy"[12]
  3. Doctoral School: Scholarship and Excellence Programs at the Department of Political Science

and through various other education modules.

History

On 8 November 2006, the NRW School of Governance was officially opened in a ceremony by the then Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Jürgen Rüttgers.

In May 2016 the school celebrated its 10th anniversary[13], which was attended by President of the Bundestag Prof. Dr. Norbert Lammert.[14]

Professorships and personal

At the NRW School of Governance there are two "core professorships". Christoph Bieber is the holder of the Welker Endowed Professorship for Ethics in Political Management and Society,[15] which focuses on ethical issues in the political decision-making process as well as questions about responsibility, trust, credibility and transparency in politics, the public and society.

The chair of the public policy and state politics professorship is Andreas Blätte.[16]

Karl-Rudolf Korte is the Director of the NRW School of Governance.

Other teachers
  • Ulrike Berendt - Subjects: Family, Family Policy and Social Change, Urban and Regional Development, Policy Analysis
  • Nicolai Dose - Subjects: State Control, Administrative Science, Governance, Policy Analysis, Political System of the Federal Republic of Germany, Environmental Policy.
  • Achim Goerres - Subjects: Participation research, attitude research, demographic change, elite and party research
  • Michael Kaeding - Subjects: Micromanagement of European Institutions, Implementation of EU Law in the Member States, Classical and Alternative Forms of European Decision Making, Europeanization of Political Systems, the EU on the International Stage
  • Andreas Kost - Subjects: Local Politics, Political Participation, Bureaucracy and Organization
  • Manfred Mai - Subjects: Control theories, Technology / Technology Assessment, Policy Advice, Media
  • Peter Mambrey - Subjects: Socio-technical system design, Social science technology research, New media
  • Susanne Pickel - Subjects: Political Cultural Research, Democracy Research, Comparative Election Research
  • Lothar Zechlin - Subjects: Public Law, Administrative Sciences, University Management and Policy.

Associated institutes

  • paluno, The Ruhr Institute for Software Technology
  • German Textile Research Centre North-west (DTNW)
  • Development Centre for Ship Technology and Transport Systems (DST)
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Research Institute (FIP)
  • Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology (IUTA)
  • Institute for Labor/ Labour and Qualification (IAQ)
  • Institute of Mobile and Satellite Communication Technology (IMST)
  • Institute for Prevention and Health Promotion (IPG)
  • Institute of Science and Ethics (IWE)
  • IWW Water Centre (IWW)
  • Rhine-Ruhr Institute for Social Research and Political Consulting (RISP)
  • Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute for German-Jewish History (StI)
  • Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT)

People

Rectors

  • 01.2003–09.2003 – Heiner Kleffner, Founding commissioner and head of section
  • 10.2003–12.2006 – Lothar Zechlin, Founding rector
  • 01.2007–03.2008 – Lothar Zechlin, 1. rector
  • since 04.2008 – Ulrich Radtke, 2. rector

Students and alumni

Mercator-Professorship Award

The University of Duisburg-Essen awards the Mercator-Professur to individuals who are well known for their social and scientific engagement. So far, recipients of the Mercator-Professur have been:

Professors include Jette Joop, Kai Krause and Bruce Ames.

Rankings

University rankings
Global
Times World[17] 197

By 2016 the university was ranked in the Top 250 of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[18]

In the same year Duisburg-Essen University was ranked number 17 in the World's top 100 universities under 50 years old, also by Times Higher Education.

In May 2018 the Centrum für Hochschulentwicklung (CHE - Center for Higher Education Development) rankings placed the university in the top ranks in different categories and fields, like the Physics department for seminar and lecture content and Biology, Computer Science, Math, Medicine and Sports for excellent programs and support in the early stages of starting at Essen-Duisburg.[19]

In the European Commission funded U-Multirank system the university as a whole was ranked as “excellent” in the research categories “External research income”, “Top cited publications”, “Post-doc positions”, in the knowledge transfer categories “Income from private sources”, “Spin-offs” and “Publications cited in patents”. In the category international orientation Essen-Duisburg was rated “excellent” for their “International academic staff”.[20]

Points of interest

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Facts and Figures" (PDF). University of Duisburg-Essen. Retrieved 2017-06-18. 
  2. ^ "Entwicklung der Zahl der Studierenden seit SS 96". Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-21. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  4. ^ 14, Ministerium des Innern des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, Referat. "Ausgabe 2002 Nr. 37 vom 30.12.2002 Seite 637 bis 654 NRW". recht.nrw.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  5. ^ "University of Duisburg-Essen". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  6. ^ "University of Duisburg-Essen". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  7. ^ Schindling, Anton (1991). Die Territorien des Reichs im Zeitalter der Reformation und Konfessionalisierung : Land und Konfession 1500 – 1650. p. 98.  line feed character in |title= at position 20 (help)
  8. ^ "History of the Faculty". www.uni-due.de. Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  9. ^ "University Alliance". www.metropole.ruhr. Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  10. ^ Online, FOCUS. "Universität Duisburg-Essen : UA Ruhr bündelt Nachwuchsförderung in der Research Academy Ruhr". FOCUS Online (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  11. ^ "https://www.uni-due.de/cenide/ican/index_en". Retrieved 2016-10-20.  External link in |title= (help)
  12. ^ NRW School of Governance. "Master of Public Policy (MPP)". nrwschool.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-13. 
  13. ^ Mader, Kristina. "Die Uni Duisburg-Essen zieht positive Bilanz" (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  14. ^ Governance, NRW School of. "10 Jahre NRW School of Governance – Wissenschaftliches Symposium und Festakt mit Bundestagspräsident Prof. Dr. Norbert Lammert › NRW School of Governance". nrwschool.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  15. ^ "Christoph Bieber". www.schader-stiftung.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  16. ^ Governance, NRW School of. "Prof. Dr. Andreas Blätte › NRW School of Governance". nrwschool.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  17. ^ World University Rankings 2018
  18. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  19. ^ Online, FOCUS. "Universität Duisburg-Essen : UDE-Studiengänge im CHE-Ranking". FOCUS Online (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  20. ^ "U-Multirank | Universities compared. Your way". www.umultirank.org. Retrieved 2018-05-09. 

Further reading

  • 30 Jahre Universität Essen (Essener Universitätsreden, Heft 10, Akademisches Jahr 2001/02), Universität Essen 2002 (Beiträge aus der Vortragsreihe „Wurzeln der Universität“)
  • Claus Bussmann, Holger Heith: Chronik 1972-1997. Chronik der ersten 25 Lebensjahre der Gerhard-Mercator-Universität/GH Duisburg, die als Gesamthochschule Duisburg das Licht der Welt erblickte, Duisburg 1997, ISBN 3-00-001433-0
  • Dieter Geuenich, Irmgard Hantsche (Hrsg.): Zur Geschichte der Universität Duisburg 1655-1818 (Duisburger Forschungen 53), Duisburg 2007
  • Helmut Schrey: Die Universität Duisburg. Geschichte und Gegenwart. Traditionen, Personen, Probleme, Duisburg 1982, ISBN 3-87096-166-X

External links