The University of Buenos Aires (Spanish: Universidad de Buenos Aires, UBA) is a public research university in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Established in 1821, it is the premier institution of higher learning in the country and one of the most prestigious universities in the region. It has educated 17 Argentine presidents, produced four of the country's five Nobel Prize laureates, and is responsible for approximately 40% of the country's research output. According to the QS World University Rankings (2019), the UBA places number 73 globally, making it the highest ranked university in Latin America and the top Spanish language university in the world.
The University of Buenos Aires enrolls more than 328,000 students and is organized into 13 independent faculties. It administers 6 hospitals, 16 museums, 13 scientific institutes, 6 interdisciplinary commissions, 5 high schools, the Ricardo Rojas Cultural Center, the Cosmos Cinema, the University of Buenos Aires Symphony Orchestra, and Eudeba (Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires), the country's largest university press.
The UBA's academic strength and regional leadership make it attractive to many international students, especially at the postgraduate level. Just over 4 percent of undergraduates are foreigners, while 15 percent of postgraduate students come from abroad. The Faculty of Economic Sciences has the highest rate of international postgraduate students at 30 percent, in line with its reputation as a "top business school with significant international influence."
Undergraduate programs at the University of Buenos Aires are free of charge for everyone, regardless of nationality. Tuition from postgraduate programs helps fund the UBA's social mission to provide free university education for all.
Common Basic Cycle
Entry to any of the available programs of study in the university is open to anyone with a secondary school degree; in most cases, students who have successfully completed high school must pass a first year called CBC, which stands for Common Basic Cycle (Ciclo Básico Común). This program designed to ensure a standardized academic background for all students seeking undergraduate degrees at the UBA.
Only upon completion of this first year may the student enter the chosen school; until then, they must attend courses in different buildings, and have up to 3 years to finish the 6 or 7 subjects (which vary depending on the program of study chosen) assigned in two groups of 3 or 4. Each subject is of one semester duration (March–July or August–November). If someone passes all 6 subjects in their respective semester, the CBC will take only one year. Potential students of economics, instead, take a 2-year common cycle, the "CBG" (General Basic Cycle), comprising 12 subjects.
School of Exact and Natural Sciences
School of Law
School of Economic Sciences
School of Architecture, Design and Urbanism
School of Social Sciences
School of Medicine
School of Psychology
School of Engineering, Paseo Colón branch
School of Engineering, Las Heras branch
The faculties that comprise the university are:
Of these, only the last two have their buildings located in then centralized Ciudad Universitaria (literally, "university city"), a campus-like location in Núñez, in northern Buenos Aires along the banks of the Río de la Plata. The others are scattered around the city in buildings of various sizes, with some having more than one building.
The Faculty of Economic Sciences is the largest of the UBA's constituent colleges, with over 36,000 students. In recent years, the Faculty of Medicine has attracted the most new students, with 17,004 new enrollees in 2018 compared to the 7,584 new students the Faculty of Economic Sciences added that same year.
In addition to these 13 faculty and the CBC, the UBA also administers 5 high schools: Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires, Escuela Superior de Comercio Carlos Pellegrini, Instituto Libre de Segunda Enseñanza, Escuela de Educación Técnica Profesional en Producción Agropecuaria y Agroalimentaria, and Escuela de Educación Técnica de Villa Lugano.
- Luis Agote, physician
- Diana Agrest, Argentine born American architect and theorist
- Viviana Alder, marine microbiologist, Argentine Antarctic researcher
- Teodosio Cesar Brea, lawyer and founder of Allende & Brea
- Alejandro Bulgheroni, oil billionaire
- Juan Cabral, film director
- Luis Caffarelli, mathematician
- Alberto Calderón, mathematician
- Enrique Chaneton, ecologist
- Primarosa Chieri, geneticist
- Julio Cortázar, writer
- Augusto Claudio Cuello, Professor and Charles E. Frosst/Merck Chair in Pharmacology and Therapeutics at McGill University
- Che Guevara, revolutionary leader and physician
- Esther Hermitte, anthropologist
- Salvador Maciá, physician and politician
- Jose Pedro Montero De Candia, 27th President of Paraguay
- Luis Moreno-Ocampo, lawyer, jurist and Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court
- Patricio Pouchulu, architect and educator
- Alberto Prebisch, architect
- Raul Prebisch, economist
- Elena Presser, artist
- Teresa Ratto, physician
- Juan Rosai, physician, Italian-born American surgical pathologist
- José Luis Murature, foreign minister of Argentina
- Irene Schloss, plankton biologist, Argentine Antarctic researcher
- Clorindo Testa, architect and painter
- Richard Tomlinson, former British spy
- Claudio Vekstein, architect specialized in public architecture
- Rafael Viñoly, Uruguayan architect
- Inés Mónica Weinberg de Roca, lawyer, former Judge at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
- Graciela Boente , mathematician
The following former students and professors of the university have received the Nobel Prize:
- Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936.
- Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980.
- Bernardo Houssay, Physiology, 1947.
- Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970.
- César Milstein, Medicine, 1984.
The following Presidents of Argentina have earned their degrees at the university:
- José Evaristo Uriburu (1896-1898, National Autonomist Party), lawyer.
- Carlos Pellegrini (1890–1892, National Autonomist Party), lawyer.
- Luis Sáenz Peña (1892–1895, National Autonomist Party), lawyer.
- Manuel Quintana (1904–1906, National Autonomist Party), lawyer.
- Roque Sáenz Peña (1910–1914, National Autonomist Party), lawyer.
- Victorino de la Plaza (1914–1916, National Autonomist Party), lawyer.
- Hipólito Yrigoyen (1916–1922 and 1928–1930, Radical Civic Union), lawyer.
- Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear (1922–1928, Radical Civic Union), lawyer.
- Agustín Pedro Justo (1932–1938, "Concordancia" alliance), engineer.
- Roberto Marcelino Ortiz (1938–1942, "Concordancia" alliance), lawyer.
- Ramón Castillo (1942–1943, "Concordancia" alliance), lawyer.
- Arturo Frondizi (1958–1962, Intransigent Radical Civic Union), lawyer.
- Arturo Umberto Illia (1963–1966, People's Radical Civic Union), physician.
- Raúl Alfonsín (1983–1989, Radical Civic Union), lawyer.
- Adolfo Rodríguez Saá (2001, Justicialist Party), lawyer.
- Eduardo Duhalde (2002–2003, Justicialist Party), lawyer.
- Dr. Antonio Sáenz 13-06-1821 to 25-07-1825.
- Dr. José Valentín Gómez 10-04-1826 to 23-08-1830.
- Dr. Santiago Figueredo 23-08-1830 to 22-02-1832.
- Dr. Paulino Gari 13-12-1832 to 11-1849.
- Dr. Miguel García 11-1849 to 26-06-1852.
- Dr. José Barros Pazos 01 -07-1852 to 5-05-1857.
- Dr. Antonio Cruz Obligado 9-05-1857 to 03-1861.
- Dr. Juan María Gutiérrez 1-04-1861 to 3-10-1873.
- Dr. Vicente Fidel López 15-02-1874 to 12-06-1877.
- Dr. Manuel Quintana 12-06-1877 to 26-01-1881.
- Dr. Eufemio Uballes 1-03-1906 to 1-03-1922.
- Dr. José Arce 1-03-1922 to 1-03-1926.
- Dr. Ricardo Rojas 2-03-1926 to 1-03-1930.
- Dr. Enrique Butty 1-03-1930 to 11-12-1930.
- Dr. Benito Nazar Anchorena (interventor) 16-12-1930 to 1-06-1931.
- Dr. Mariano Castex 1-06-1931 to 9-03-1932.
- Dr. Ángel Gallardo 11-05-1932 to 9-04-1934.
- Dr. Vicente Gallo 11-05-1934 to 11-05-1941.
- Dr. Coroliano Alberini 12-05-1941 to 16-10-1941.
- Dr. Carlos Saavedra Lamas 17-10-1941 to 30-07-1943.
- Dr. Alfredo Labougle (vice-rector) 31-07-1942 to 1-11-1943.
- Dr. Emilio Ravignani (interventor) 2-11-1943 to 4-11-1943.
- Dr. Tomás Casares (interventor) 4-11-1943 to 9-03-1944.
- Dr. David Arias (interventor) 10-03-1944 to 18-05-1944.
- Dr. Carlos Obligado (interventor) 19-05-1944 to 31-08-1944.
- Dr. Nicolás Matienzo (gen. secretary at charge) 1-09-1944 to 30-10-1944.
- Dr. Carlos Waldorp (interventor) 30-10-1944 to 16-02-1945.
- Dr. Antonio Benítez (national commissioner) 17-02-1945 to 14-03-1945.
- Dr. Salvador Oría (vice-rector) 15-03-1945 to 26-04-1945.
- Dr. Horacio Rivarola 27-04-1945 to 2-05-1946.
- Dr. Nicolás Matienzo (gen. secretary at charge) 2-05-1946 to 2-05-1946.
- Dr. Oscar Ivanissevich (interventor) 4-05-1946 to 5-06-1949.
- Dr. Fernando Bustos (vice-rector interventor) 6-08-1946 to 2-09-1946.
- Dr. Agustín Nores Martínez (by the interventor's delegation) 3-09-1946 to 20-09-1946.
- Dr. Fernando Bustos (vice-rector interventor) 21-09-1946 to 24-01-1947.
- Ing. Agr. Carlos Emery (vice-rector interventor) 3-02-1947 to 19-08-1947.
- Arq. Julio Otaola (vice-rector interventor) 20-08-1947 to 5-06-1949.
- Arq. Julio Otaola 6-06-1949 to 12-06-1952.
- Dr. Carlos Bancalari 13-06-1952 to 16-10-1953.
- Dr. José Fernández Moreno (vice-rector) 17-10-1953 to 3-11-1953.
- Dr. Jorge Alberto Taiana 4-11-1953 to 3-06-1955.
- Dr. Ernesto Crámer 4-06-1955 to 31-07-1955.
- Dr. Ernesto Cholvis 1-08-1955 to 26-09-1955.
- Provisory Government Board (FUBA) 27-09-1955 to 30-09-1955.
- Dr. José Luis Romero
1-10-1955 to 31-12-1955.
- Ing. José Babini 1-01-1956 to 19-02-1956.
- Dr. Alejandro Ceballos 5-05-1956 to 27-12-1957.
- Dr. Risieri Frondizi 27-12-1957 to 28-12-1962.
- Dr. Julio Olivera 28-12-1962 to 18-03-1965.
- Ing. Hilario Fernández Long 26-03-1965 to 29-07-1966.
- Dr. Luis Botet 11-08-1966 to 7-02-1968.
- Dr. Raúl Devoto 7-02-1968 to 24-07-1969.
- Dr. Andrés Santas 25-07-1969 to 21-07-1971.
- Dr. Bernabé Quartino 22-07-1971 to 29-01-1973.
- Dr. Carlos Alberto Durrieu 29-01-1973 to 30-05-1973.
- Dr. Rodolfo Puiggrós (interventor) 29-05-1973 to 2-10-1973.
- Ing. Enrique Martínez (interventor) 7-09-1973 to 2-10-1973.
- Lic. Ernesto Villanueva 4-10-1973 to 28-03-1974.
- Dr. Vicente Solano Lima 28-03-1974 to 25-07-1974.
- Dr. Raúl Federico Laguzzi 25-07-1974 to 17-09-1974.
- Dr. Alberto Ottalagano (interventor) 17-09-1974 to 26-12-1974.
- Eduardo Mangiante 27-08-1975 to 12-02-1976.
- Dr. José Alocén 12-02-1976 to 24-03-1976.
- Cap.Navío De Edmundo E. Said 29-03-1976 to 6-08-1976.
- Ing. Alberto Costantini 6-08-1976 to 14-09-1976.
- Dr. Sol Rabasa 14-09-1976 to 25-02-1977.
- Dr. Luis Carlos Cabral 25-02-1977 to 31-08-1978.
- Dr. Alberto V. Donnes 31-08-1978 to 23-11-1978.
- Dr. Lucas Lennon 24-11-1978 to 20-11-1981.
- Dr. Alberto V. Donnes 20-11-1981 to 28-12-1981.
- Dr. Alberto Rodríguez Varela 28-12-1981 to 23-12-1982.
- Dr. Carlos Segovia Fernández 27-12-1982 to 23-12-1983.
- Dr. Francisco Delich 26-12-1983 to 19-03-1985.
- Dr. Oscar Julio Shuberoff 19-03-1985 to 06-05-2002.
- Dr. Guillermo Jaim Etcheverry 07-05-2002 to 07-05-2006.
- Arq.Berardo Dujovne (acting) 08-05-2006 to 15-05-2006.
- Dr. Alfredo Buzzi (acting) 16-05-2006 to 29-05-2006.
- Dr. Alberto Boveris (acting) 29-05-2006 to 31-05-2006
- Med. Vet.Aníbal Franco (vice-rector) 31-05-2006 to 12-12-2006.
- Dr. Alfredo Buzzi (acting) 12-12-2006 to 18-12-2006.
- Méd. Vet. Rubén E. Hallú 18-12-2006 to 4-12-2013.
- Prof. Dr. Alberto Edgardo Barbieri 5-12-2013 to 2018.
Gallery of notable alumni
Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Nobel Peace Prize, 1936.
Bernardo Houssay, Nobel Prize in Medicine, 1947.
Luis Federico Leloir, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1970.
César Milstein, Nobel Prize in Medicine, 1984.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Marxist leader.
Carlos Pellegrini, president 1890-1892.
Luis Sáenz Peña, president 1892-1895.
Manuel Quintana, president 1904-1906.
Victorino de la Plaza, president 1914-1916
Ramón S. Castillo, president 1942-1943
Arturo Frondizi, president 1958-1962
Arturo Umberto Illia, president 1963-1966
Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, president 2001
Eduardo Duhalde, president 2002-2003