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United States Senate elections, 1964

United States Senate elections, 1964
United States
← 1962 November 3, 1964 1966 →

33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate,
plus 2 mid-term vacancies

51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Michael Joseph Mansfield.jpg EverettDirksen.jpg
Leader Mike Mansfield Everett Dirksen
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Montana Illinois
Seats before 66 34
Seats after 68 32
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 30,217,130 22,654,661
Percentage 56.3% 42.2%
Swing Increase 5.9% Decrease 6.8%
Seats up 26 9
Races won 28 7

Us 1964 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
     Democratic hold      Republican hold

Majority Leader before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

The United States Senate elections, 1964 coincided with the election of President Lyndon B. Johnson by an overwhelming majority, to a full term. His Democratic Party picked up a net two seats from the Republicans. As of 2016, this is the last time either party has had a two-thirds majority in the Senate, which would have hypothetically allowed the Senate Democrats to override a veto, convict and expel certain officials, or invoke cloture without any votes from Republicans. The Senate election coincided with Democratic gains in the House in the same year.

Notably, of the 34 seats up for election this year, 25 of were held by Democrats, who managed to retain 24 of them. A party defending two-thirds of the seats up for election would not make net gains in the Senate again until 2012. Coincidentally, it would be the same Senate class, class 1.

Retirements

There were no net party changes from retirements.

Republicans replaced by Republicans

  1. Arizona: Barry Goldwater retired to run for President. He was replaced by Paul Fannin (R)

Democrats replaced by Democrats

  1. Tennessee (Class 2): Appointee Herbert S. Walters (D) was replaced by Ross Bass (D)

Incumbents who lost elections

Democrats had a two-seat net gain from beating incumbents.

Democrats lost to Republicans

  1. California: Appointee Pierre Salinger (D) lost to George Murphy (R).

Democrats lost to Democrats

  1. Oklahoma (Class 2): Appointee J. Howard Edmondson (D) lost nomination to Fred R. Harris (D), who won the general election.

Republicans lost to Democrats

  1. Maryland: James Glenn Beall (R) lost to Joseph D. Tydings (D).
  2. New Mexico: Edwin L. Mechem (R) lost to Joseph M. Montoya (D).
  3. New York: Kenneth B. Keating (R) lost to Robert F. Kennedy (D).

Other races

In a close race in Nevada, Democratic incumbent Howard Cannon won re-election over Republican Lieutenant Governor Paul Laxalt by fewer than 100 votes. Laxalt joined Cannon in the Senate when he won Nevada's other seat in 1974.

Subsequent gains

  1. Michigan: Patrick V. McNamara (D) died April 30, 1966, and was replaced May 11, 1966 by appointee Robert P. Griffin (R).

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Ran
D46
Ran
D47
Ran
D48
Ran
D49
Ran
D50
Ran
Majority → D51
Ran
D60
Ran
D59
Ran
D58
Ran
D57
Ran
D56
Ran
D55
Ran
D54
Ran
D53
Ran
D52
Ran
D61
Ran
D62
Ran
D63
Ran
D64
Ran
D65
Ran
D66
Ran
R34
Retired
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26
Ran
R27
Ran
R28
Ran
R29
Ran
R30
Ran
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the general elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43
Re-elected
D44
Re-elected
D45
Re-elected
D46
Re-elected
D47
Re-elected
D48
Re-elected
D49
Re-elected
D50
Re-elected
Majority → D51
Re-elected
D60
Re-elected
D59
Re-elected
D58
Re-elected
D57
Re-elected
D56
Re-elected
D55
Re-elected
D54
Re-elected
D53
Re-elected
D52
Re-elected
D61
Re-elected
D62
Re-elected
D63
Re-elected
D64
Re-elected
D65
Re-elected
D66
Gain
D67
Gain
D68
Gain
R32
Gain
R31
Hold
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26
Re-elected
R27
Re-elected
R28
Re-elected
R29
Re-elected
R30
Re-elected
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the November special elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
D60 D59 D58 D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
D61 D62 D63 D64 D65 D66
Hold
D67
Hold
D68
Gain, same as general
R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
V# Vacant

Race summary

Special elections during the 88th Congress

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1964 or before January 3, 1965; ordered by election date, then state.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New Mexico
(Class 1)
Edwin L. Mechem Republican 1962 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 3, 1964.
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Joseph Montoya (Democratic) 54.7%
Edwin L. Mechem (Republican) 45.3%
Oklahoma
(Class 2)
J. Howard Edmondson Democratic 1963 (Appointed) Appointee lost nomination to finish term.
New senator elected November 3, 1964.
Democratic hold.
Fred R. Harris (Democratic) 51.2%
Bud Wilkinson (Republican) 48.8%
Tennessee
(Class 2)
Herbert S. Walters Democratic 1963 (Appointed) Appointee retired.
New senator elected November 3, 1964.
Democratic hold.
Ross Bass (Democratic) 52.1%
Howard H. Baker, Jr. (Republican) 47.4%

Elections leading to the next Congress

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1965; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Barry Goldwater Republican 1952
1958
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Paul Fannin (Republican) 51.4%
Roy Elson (Democratic) 48.6%
California Pierre Salinger Democratic 1964 (Appointed) Appointee lost election to next term.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
George Murphy (Republican) 51.5%
Pierre Salinger (Democratic) 48.5%
Connecticut Thomas J. Dodd Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas J. Dodd (Democratic) 64.6%
John Davis Lodge (Republican) 35.3%
Delaware John J. Williams Republican 1946
1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. John J. Williams (Republican) 51.7%
Elbert N. Carvel (Democratic) 48.3%
Hollon (Socialist Labor) 0.03%
Florida Spessard Holland Democratic 1946 (Appointed)
1946
1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Spessard Holland (Democratic) 63.9%
Claude R. Kirk, Jr. (Republican) 36.0%
Hawaii Hiram L. Fong Republican 1959 Incumbent re-elected. Hiram L. Fong (Republican) 53.0%
Thomas P. Gill (Democratic) 46.4%
Lawrence Domine (Independent) 0.6%
Indiana Vance Hartke Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Vance Hartke (Democratic) 54.3%
D. Russell Bontrager (Republican) 45.3%
J. Ralston Miller (Prohibition) 0.3%
Casimer Kanczuzewski (Socialist Labor) 0.06%
Maine Edmund S. Muskie Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Edmund S. Muskie (Democratic) 66.6%
Clifford McIntire (Republican) 33.4%
Maryland James Glenn Beall Republican 1952
1958
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Joseph D. Tydings (Democratic) 62.8%
James Glenn Beall (Republican) 37.2%
Massachusetts Ted Kennedy Democratic 1962 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Ted Kennedy (Democratic) 74.3%
Howard Whitmore, Jr. (Republican) 25.4%
Lawrence Gilfedder (Socialist Labor) 0.2%
Grace F. Luder (Prohibition) 0.1%
Michigan Philip A. Hart Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Philip A. Hart (Democratic) 64.4%
Elly M. Peterson (Republican) 35.3%
Ernest C. Smith (Freedom Now) 0.1%
Evelyn Sell (Socialist Workers) 0.09%
James Sim (Socialist Labor) 0.05%
Minnesota Eugene McCarthy Democratic-Farmer-Labor[1] 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Eugene McCarthy (Democratic) 60.3%
Wheelock Whitney (Republican) 39.3%
William Braatz (Industrial Government) 0.3%
Everett E. Luoma (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
Mississippi John C. Stennis Democratic 1947 (Special)
1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. John C. Stennis (Democratic) unopposed
Missouri Stuart Symington Democratic 1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Stuart Symington (Democratic) 66.6%
Jean P. Bradshaw (Republican) 33.4%
Montana Mike Mansfield Democratic 1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Mike Mansfield (Democratic) 64.5%
Alex Blewett (Republican) 35.5%
Nebraska Roman L. Hruska Republican 1954 (Special)
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Roman L. Hruska (Republican) 61.4%
Raymond W. Arndt (Democratic) 38.6%
Nevada Howard W. Cannon Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Howard W. Cannon (Democratic) 50.0%
Paul Laxalt (Republican) 50.0%
New Jersey Harrison A. Williams, Jr. Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Harrison A. Williams, Jr. (Democratic) 61.9%
Bernard M. Shanley (Republican) 37.3%
New Mexico Edwin L. Mechem Republican 1962 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see above.
Joseph M. Montoya (Democratic) 54.7%
Edwin L. Mechem (Republican) 45.3%
New York Kenneth B. Keating Republican 1958 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Robert F. Kennedy (Democratic) 53.5%
Kenneth B. Keating (Republican) 43.4%
North Dakota Quentin N. Burdick Democratic 1960 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) 57.6%
Thomas S. Kleppe (Republican) 42.4%
Ohio Stephen M. Young Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Stephen M. Young (Democratic) 50.2%
Robert A. Taft, Jr. (Republican) 49.8%
Pennsylvania Hugh Scott Republican 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Hugh Scott (Republican) 50.6%
Genevieve Blatt (Democratic) 49.1%
Rhode Island John O. Pastore Democratic 1950 (Special)
1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. John O. Pastore (Democratic) 82.7%
Ronald R. Lagueux (Republican)
Tennessee Albert Gore, Sr. Democratic 1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Albert Gore, Sr. (Democratic) 53.6%
Dan H. Kuykendall (Republican) 46.4%
Texas Ralph Yarborough Democratic 1957 (Special)
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Ralph Yarborough (Democratic) 56.2%
George H. W. Bush (Republican) 43.6%
Utah Frank E. Moss Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Frank E. Moss (Democratic) 57.3%
Ernest L. Wilkinson (Republican) 42.7%
Vermont Winston L. Prouty Republican 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Winston L. Prouty (Republican) 53.5%
Frederick J. Fayette (Democratic) 46.5%
Virginia Harry F. Byrd Democratic 1933 (Appointed)
1933 (Special)
1934
1940
1946
1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Harry F. Byrd (Democratic) 63.8%
Richard A. May (Republican) 19.0%
James W. Respess (Independent) 10.3%
Washington Henry M. Jackson Democratic 1952
1958
Incumbent re-elected. Henry M. Jackson (Democratic) 72.2%
Lloyd J. Andrews (Republican) 27.8%
West Virginia Robert C. Byrd Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Robert C. Byrd (Democratic) 67.7%
Cooper P. Benedict (Republican) 32.3%
Wisconsin William Proxmire Democratic 1957 (Special)
1958
Incumbent re-elected. William Proxmire (Democratic) 53.3%
Wilbur N. Renk (Republican) 46.6%
Wyoming Gale McGee Democratic 1958 Incumbent re-elected. Gale McGee (Democratic) 54.0%
John S. Wold (Republican) 46.0%

Arizona

Arizona election
Arizona
← 1958
1970 →
  Paul Fannin.jpg No image.png
Nominee Paul Fannin Roy Elson
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 241,089 227,712
Percentage 51.43% 48.57%

1964 Arizona.png
Red: counties won by Fannin, Blue: counties won by Elson.

U.S. Senator before election

Barry Goldwater
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Paul Fannin
Republican

Incumbent Barry Goldwater decided not to run for re-election to a third term, instead running for President of the United States as the Republican Party nominee against Lyndon B. Johnson.[2] Governor of Arizona Paul Fannin ran unopposed in the Republican primary, and defeated Democratic nominee Roy Elson, who was a staff member for U.S. Senator Carl Hayden until Hayden's retirement in 1969. Despite a landslide loss throughout the country, and Goldwater only able to obtain 50.45% of the vote in his home state of Arizona, Fannin managed to prevail in the state's Senate election.

Democratic primary results[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Roy Elson 76,697 41.41%
Democratic Renz L. Jennings 64,331 34.73%
Democratic Howard V. Peterson 22,424 12.11%
Democratic George Gavin 10,291 5.56%
Democratic Raymond G. Neely 6,022 3.25%
Democratic Robert P. Ketterer 5,460 2.95%
Total votes 185,225 100.00
United States Senate election in Arizona, 1964[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Paul Fannin 241,089 51.43%
Democratic Roy Elson 227,712 48.57%
Majority 13,377 2.86%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

California

Connecticut

Connecticut election
Connecticut
← 1958
1970 →
  Thomasjdodd.jpg John Davis Lodge.jpg
Nominee Thomas J. Dodd John Davis Lodge
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 781,008 426,939
Percentage 64.66% 35.34%

U.S. Senator before election

Thomas J. Dodd
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Thomas J. Dodd
Democratic

Democrat Thomas J. Dodd was re-elected and served a second term. John Davis Lodge, grandson of Henry Cabot Lodge was defeated by almost 30%.

United States Senate election in Connecticut, 1964[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Thomas J. Dodd 781,008 64.66%
Republican John Davis Lodge 426,939 35.34%
Majority 354,069 29.32%
Turnout 1,207,947
Democratic hold

Delaware

Florida

Hawaii

Indiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Massachusetts election
Massachusetts
← 1962
1970 →
  Ted Kennedy, 1967 (cropped).jpg No image.png
Nominee Ted Kennedy Howard J. Whitmore Jr.
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,716,907 587,663
Percentage 74.26% 25.42%

Massachusetts Election Results by County, all Democratic.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Ted Kennedy
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Ted Kennedy
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Ted Kennedy defeated his challengers. Much of the campaign-appearance burden on behalf of Ted Kennedy fell on his wife, Joan, because of Ted's serious back injury in a plane crash.

Candidates:

General election[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Edward M. Kennedy (Incumbent) 1,716,907 74.26 +21.3
Republican Howard J. Whitmore, Jr. 587,663 25.42 -19.08
Socialist Labor Lawrence Gilfedder 4,745 0.21 -0.03
Prohibition Grace F. Luder 2,700 0.12 +0.05

Michigan

Minnesota

Minnesota election
Minnesota
← 1958
1970 →
  EugeneMcCarthy.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Eugene J. McCarthy Wheelock Whitney, Jr.
Party DFL Republican
Popular vote 931,363 605,933
Percentage 60.34% 39.26%

U.S. Senator before election

Eugene J. McCarthy
DFL

Elected U.S. Senator

Eugene J. McCarthy
DFL

Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Eugene McCarthy defeated Republican challenger Wheelock Whitney, Jr., to win a second term.

Democratic primary election results[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
DFL Eugene J. McCarthy (Incumbent) 245,068 90.47%
DFL R. H. Underdahl 14,562 5.38%
DFL Joseph Nowak 11,267 4.16%
Republican primary election results[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wheelock Whitney, Jr. 161,363 100.00%
General election results[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
DFL Eugene J. McCarthy (Incumbent) 931,363 60.34%
Republican Wheelock Whitney, Jr. 605,933 39.26%
Industrial Government William Braatz 3,947 0.26%
Socialist Workers Everett E. Luoma 2,357 0.15%

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Montana election
Montana
← 1958
1970 →
  Michael Joseph Mansfield.jpg No image.png
Nominee Mike Mansfield Alex Blewett
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 180,643 99,367
Percentage 64.51% 35.49%

U.S. Senator before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Mike Mansfield, who was first elected to the Senate in 1952 and was re-elected in 1958, ran for re-election. Mansfield won the Democratic primary in a landslide, and advanced to the general election, where he faced Alex Blewett, the Majority Leader of the Montana House of Representatives and the Republican nominee. Though Mansfield's margin was significantly reduced from 1958, he still overwhelmingly defeated Blewett and won his third term in the Senate.

Democratic Party primary results[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Mike Mansfield (Incumbent) 109,904 85.51
Democratic Joseph P. Monaghan 18,630 14.49
Total votes 128,534 100.00
Republican Primary results[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Alex Blewett 31,934 59.37
Republican Lyman Brewster 12,375 23.01
Republican Antoinette F. Rosell 9,480 17.62
Total votes 53,789 100.00
United States Senate election in Montana, 1964[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Mike Mansfield (Incumbent) 180,643 64.51% -11.71%
Republican Alex Blewett 99,367 35.49% +11.71%
Majority 81,276 29.03% -23.41%
Turnout 280,010
Democratic hold Swing

Nebraska

Nevada

Nevada election
Nevada
← 1958
1970 →
  Howard Cannon.jpg Paul Laxalt (colorized).jpg
Nominee Howard Cannon Paul Laxalt
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 67,336 67,288
Percentage 50.02% 49.98%

U.S. Senator before election

Howard Cannon
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Howard Cannon
Democratic

Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Howard Cannon won re-election to a second term by a slim margin of only 48 votes.

General election results[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Howard Cannon
(Incumbent)
67,336 50.02 -7.66
Republican Paul Laxalt,
(Lieutenant Governor of Nevada and former Ormsby County District Attorney)
67,288 49.98 +7.66
Majority 48 0.04 -15.32
Turnout 134,624
Democratic hold Swing

New Jersey

New Mexico

New Mexico election
New Mexico
← 1958
1970 →
  Joseph M Montoya.jpg Edwin Mechem.jpg
Nominee Joseph Montoya Edwin L. Mechem
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 178,209 147,562
Percentage 54.7% 45.3%

U.S. Senator before election

Edwin L. Mechem
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Joseph Montoya
Democratic

Incumbent Republican Edwin L. Mechem sought re-election to a full term, but was defeated by Democrat Joseph Montoya.

Montoya was Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico (1947–1951 and 1955–1957) and a four-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1957–1964).

General election results[15][14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph Montoya 178,209 54.70
Republican Edwin L. Mechem (Incumbent) 147,562 45.30
Majority 30,647 9.41%
Total votes 325,771 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican

New Mexico (Special)

Montoya was also elected to finish the term ending January 3, 1965.

New York

New York election
New York (state)
← 1958
1970 →
  Robert F. Kennedy 1964.jpeg Senator Kenneth Keating.jpg
Nominee Robert F. Kennedy Kenneth Keating
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 3,823,749 3,104,056
Percentage 53.5% 43.4%

NewYorkSenatorial1964.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Kenneth Keating
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Robert F. Kennedy
Democratic

Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Kenneth Keating ran for re-election to a second term, but was defeated by Robert F. Kennedy.

The Socialist Labor state convention met on March 29 and nominated John Emanuel.[16] The Republican state convention met on August 31, and re-nominated the incumbent U.S. Senator Kenneth B. Keating.[17] The Conservative state convention met on August 31 at Saratoga Springs, New York, and nominated Prof. Henry Paolucci.[18] The Democratic state convention met on September 1, and nominated U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy on the first ballot with 968 votes against 153 for Congressman Samuel S. Stratton.[19] The Liberal Party met on September 1, and endorsed the Democratic nominee, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.[20] The Socialist Workers Party filed a petition to nominate candidates on September 7. Richard Garza was nominated.[21]

John English, a Nassau County leader who helped John F. Kennedy during the 1960 presidential election, encouraged Robert Kennedy to oppose Keating. At the time, Samuel S. Stratton, a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 35th congressional district, was considered the most likely Democratic candidate. At first, Kennedy resisted. After President Kennedy's assassination, Robert Kennedy remained as Attorney General for Lyndon B. Johnson. However, Johnson and Kennedy feuded. Kennedy decided to run for the Senate in New York in August, and resigned from the Cabinet on September 3, 1964. While many reform Democrats resisted Kennedy, support from Robert F. Wagner, Jr., and party bosses like Charles A. Buckley, of The Bronx, and Peter J. Crotty,[22] of Buffalo, helped Kennedy win the nomination at the party convention.[23]

During the campaign, Kennedy was frequently met by large crowds. Keating accused Kennedy of being a carpetbagger. Kennedy responded to these charges in a televised town meeting by saying, "If the senator of the state of New York is going be selected on who's lived here the longest, then I think people are going vote for my opponent. If it's going be selected on who's got the best New York accent, then I think I'm probably out too. But I think if it's going be selected on the basis of who can make the best United States senator, I think I'm still in the contest."[24]

The Democratic/Liberal candidate was elected. Campaign help from President Lyndon B. Johnson, as well as the Democratic landslide after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, helped carry Kennedy into office, as Kennedy polled about 1.1 million votes less in New York than Johnson did. The incumbent Keating was defeated.

1964 state election result
Ticket U.S. Senator
Democratic Robert F. Kennedy 3,539,746
Liberal Robert F. Kennedy 284,646
Republican Kenneth B. Keating 3,104,056
Conservative Henry Paolucci[25] 212,216
Socialist Labor John Emanuel[26] 7,358
Socialist Workers Richard Garza[27] 4,202
For Total Votes, the Democratic and Liberal votes for Kennedy are combined.

North Dakota

Senator Quentin Burdick

Incumbent Dem-NPL Senator Quentin Burdick sought and received re-election to his second term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas S. Kleppe, who later became the United States Secretary of the Interior.[14]

Only Burdick filed as a Dem-NPLer, and the endorsed Republican candidate was Thomas S. Kleppe, who would go on to serve two terms as a Representative for North Dakota's second congressional district from 1967 to 1971. Burdick and Kleppe won the primary elections for their respective parties.

1964 United States Senate election, North Dakota
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Quentin Burdick (Incumbent) 149,264 57.64
Republican Thomas S. Kleppe 109,681 42.36
Turnout 219,560

Ohio

Oklahoma (Special)

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania election
Pennsylvania
← 1958
1970 →
  SenHughScott.jpg No image.png
Nominee Hugh Scott Genevieve Blatt
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 2,429,858 2,359,223
Percentage 50.6% 49.1%

Pennsylvania Senatorial Election Results by County, 1964.svg
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Hugh Scott
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Hugh Scott
Republican

Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Hugh Scott successfully sought re-election to another term, defeating Democratic nominee Genevieve Blatt.

General election results[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Hugh Scott,
incumbent U.S. Senator
2,429,858 50.59% -0.62%
Democratic Genevieve Blatt,
Pennsylvania Secretary of Internal Affairs
2,359,223 49.12% +0.74%
Socialist Workers Morris Chertov 7,317 0.15% +0.01%
Socialist Labor George S. Taylor 6,881 0.14% -0.12%
N/A Other 473 0.00% N/A
Totals 4,803,752 100.00%

Rhode Island

Tennessee

Tennessee (Special)

Texas

Texas election
Texas
← 1958
1970 →
  RalphYarborough.jpg George HW Bush 90th congress.jpg
Nominee Ralph Yarborough George H. W. Bush
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,463,958 1,134,337
Percentage 56.2% 43.6%

U.S. Senator before election

Ralph Yarborough
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Ralph Yarborough
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Ralph Yarborough defeated future President of the United States George H. W. Bush.

Although Yarborough won this election, he would lose the Democratic Primary six years later, in 1970, to Lloyd Bentsen. Bush later went on to win an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1966; he was elected vice president of the United States in 1980 and was elected president in 1988.

Utah

Vermont

Vermont election
Vermont
← 1958
1970 →
  WinstonProuty.jpg No image.png
Nominee Winston L. Prouty Frederick J. Fayette
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 87,879 76,457
Percentage 53.4% 46.5%

U.S. Senator before election

Winston L. Prouty
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Winston L. Prouty
Republican

Incumbent Republican Winston L. Prouty successfully ran for re-election, defeating Democratic candidate Frederick J. Fayette.

Republican primary results[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Winston L. Prouty (Incumbent) 43,648 99.9
Republican Other 63 0.1
Total votes 43,711 100
Democratic primary results[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Frederick J. Fayette 12,388 71.1
Democratic William H. Meyer 4,913 28.2
Democratic Other 134 0.7
Total votes 17,435 100
United States Senate election in Vermont, 1964[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Winston L. Prouty 83,302 50.7
Independent Winston L. Prouty 4,516 2.7
N/A Winston L. Prouty 61 0.0
Total Winston L. Prouty (Incumbent) 87,879 53.4
Democratic Frederick J. Fayette 76,457 46.5
N/A Other 14 0.0
Total votes 164,350 100

Virginia

Virginia election
Virginia
← 1958
1966 →
  Harry F. Byrd.jpg No image.svg No image.png
Nominee Harry F. Byrd Richard A. May James W. Respess
Party Democratic Republican Independent
Popular vote 592,270 176,624 95,526
Percentage 63.8% 19.0% 10.3%

U.S. Senator before election

Harry F. Byrd
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Harry F. Byrd
Democratic

Incumbent Harry F. Byrd was re-elected to a sixth term, defeating Republican Richard A. May and independent James W. Respess.

United States Senate election in Virginia, 1964[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Harry F. Byrd (Incumbent) 592,270 63.80% -5.52%
Republican Richard A. May 176,624 19.03% +19.03%
Independent James W. Respess 95,526 10.29%
Independent J.B. Brayman 30,594 3.30%
Independent Milton L. Green 12,110 1.30%
Independent Robert E. Poole, Jr. 10,774 1.16%
Independent Willie T. Wright 10,424 1.12%
Write-ins 51 0.01%
Majority 415,646 44.77% +1.72%
Turnout 928,373
Democratic hold

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

See also

References

  1. ^ The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party is affiliated nationally with the Democratic Party (United States).
  2. ^ Dean, John W. and Goldwater, Barry M., Jr. (2008). Pure Goldwater (1st ed.). New York, N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0230611338. 
  3. ^ [www.ourcampaigns.com]
  4. ^ [www.ourcampaigns.com]
  5. ^ [www.ourcampaigns.com]
  6. ^ Howard J. Whitmore, Jr. at ourcampaigns.com
  7. ^ Lawrence Gilfedder at ourcampaigns.com
  8. ^ Grace F. Luder at ourcampaigns.com
  9. ^ Race details at ourcampaigns.com
  10. ^ [www.ourcampaigns.com]
  11. ^ [www.leg.state.mn.us]
  12. ^ [www.ourcampaigns.com]
  13. ^ a b "Report of the Official Canvass of the Vote Cast at the Primary Election Held in the State of Montana, June 2, 1964". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 3, 1964" (PDF). Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  15. ^ "NM US Senate". OurCampaigns. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 
  16. ^ Senate Candidate Chosen in NYT on March 30, 1964 (subscription required)
  17. ^ KEATING CHOSEN BY REPUBLICANS IN SHOW OF UNITY; Fino and Other Dissidents Yield to Party Chiefs at State Convention Here in NYT on September 1, 1964 (subscription required)
  18. ^ PAOLUCCI NAMED BY CONSERVATIVES in NYT on September 1, 1964 (subscription required)
  19. ^ KENNEDY SWAMPS STRATTON TO WIN STATE NOMINATION; Democrats Name Attorney General, 968 to 153, at a Noisy Convention Here; NOMINEE ANSWERS FOES; He Says New York's First Senator Was an Able Man From Massachusetts; Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, a sudden new power in New York politics, won the Democratic nomination for Senator yesterday at one of the most boisterous state conventions ever held here. in NYT on September 2, 1964 (subscription required)
  20. ^ KENNEDY NAMED BY LIBERAL PARTY; Opposition to Candidacy Is Angry but Scattered; The Liberal party's state convention listened to some angry but scattered opposition last night and then enthusiastically nominated Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy for United States Senator. in NYT on September 2, 1964 (subscription required)
  21. ^ Socialist Workers' Petitions Names Negro for President in NYT on September 8, 1964 (subscription required)
  22. ^ Peter J. Crotty (ca. 1910-1992), lawyer, of Buffalo, President of the Buffalo City Council 1948-51, Peter J. Crotty, Democratic Force In Western New York, Dies at 82 in NYT on March 4, 1992
  23. ^ The Carpetbagger, 1964 in NYT on February 23, 1999
  24. ^ [www.cnn.com]
  25. ^ Dr. Henry Paolucci (1921-1999), Professor of Comparative Literature and Ancient Greek and Roman History at Iona College, later Professor of Government and Politics at St. John's University, Henry Paolucci, 77, Scholar and a Leader in Conservative Party Obit in NYT on January 6, 1999
  26. ^ John Emanuel (b. ca. 1908 in Greece), "fur worker," ran also for Comptroller in 1954; and for Lieutenant Governor in 1958 and 1962
  27. ^ Richard Garza (b. ca. 1928 The Bronx), "restaurant worker and seaman," ran also for Mayor of New York in 1961; and for Governor in 1962
  28. ^ a b "Primary Election Results" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  29. ^ "General Election Results - U.S. Senator - 1914-2014" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 

External links