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United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command

United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne)
Civil Affairs & Psychological Operations Command shoulder sleeve insignia.png
U.S. Army Civil Affairs & Psychological Operations Command (Airborne) shoulder sleeve insignia.
Active1990–present
CountryUnited States United States
Branch United States Army
TypeSeal of the United States Army Reserve.svg U.S. Army Reserve
RoleUSA - Civil Affairs.png Civil Affairs and
USA - Psych Ops Branch Insignia.png PSYOP
Garrison/HQFort Bragg, North Carolina
Commanders
Current
commander
MG Darrell Guthrie
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia of the command
USACAPOC DUI.png
Unit flash of the command
USACAPOC Beret Flash.png
Combat service identification badge
United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command CSIB.png

The United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne), USACAPOC(A), or CAPOC was founded in 1985 and is headquartered at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.[1] . USACAPOC(A) is composed mostly of U.S. Army Reserve Soldiers in units throughout the United States. The size of the Command is nearly 13,500 Soldiers[2], which is 82% of the Department of Defense's Civil Affairs forces and 83% of Psychological Operations forces[3]. The current Commanding General is Major General Darrell J. Guthrie, who assumed command in October 2017.

Historically, USACAPOC(A) was one of four major subordinate commands composing the U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC). However, in May 2006, the reserve component of USACAPOC(A) was transferred to the U.S. Army Reserve Command. The Army's active duty Special Operations Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations units, along with the Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Force Modernization/Branch Proponents, continue to fall under the U.S. Army Special Operations Command and United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, respectively. The Active Component Civil Affairs Brigade—the 95th Civil Affairs Brigade—and the two active component Psychological Operations Groups—the 4th Psychological Operations Group and the 8th Psychological Operations Group—fall under USASOC.[4]

U.S. Army Reserve Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations constitute 5% of the U.S. Army Reserve's total force, but account for approximately 20% of Army Reserve deployments. The command's Soldiers bring civilian expertise and education that is typically not found among active-duty soldiers. The projects these elements coordinate are worldwide, but more recently have focused on the Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Horn of Africa regions.[citation needed]

Information Operations Units

The Information Operations (IO) mission is the integrated employment, during military operations, of information related capabilities (IRCs) in concert with other lines of operation to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp the decision making of adversaries and potential adversaries while protecting our own. The 151st Theater Information Operations Group (151st TIOG) was realigned under the command of USACAPOC(A) in October 2015.

Information Operations units are the field commander's capability to synchronize and de-conflict IRCs in the commander's information environment. The Soldiers consist of teams which interface and provide IO expertise to the staff.[5] 151st TIOG IO practitioners are particularly suited for this mission as U.S. Army Reserve Soldiers with civilian occupations such as law enforcement, engineering, medicine, law, finance, public administration and civil service, etc; and, civilian education such as Project Management Professional (PMP), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D), Juris Doctor (J.D.), Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Public Administration (MPA), etc.[6][7]

Information Operations Soldiers are integral to U.S. missions across Northwest Africa, East Africa, Europe, Middle East, and various other locations.

Information Operations units
Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
151st Theater Information Operations Group (151st TIOG)
151st TIOG DUI.png
Colonel Marlene Markotan Fort Totten, New York The 151st TIOG has two Information Operations Field Support Battalions

Civil Affairs Units

The primary mission of Civil Affairs is to conduct civil-military operations. Civil Affairs soldiers are responsible for executing five core Civil Affairs tasks, Civil Information Management, Foreign Humanitarian Assistance, Nation Assistance, Population and Resource Control, and Support to Civil Administration. Some sub tasks to these core tasks include identifying non-governmental and international organizations operating in the battlespace, handling refugees, civilians on the battlefield, and determining protected targets such as schools, churches/temples/mosques, hospitals, etc.

Civil Affairs units are the field commander's link to the civil authorities in that commander's area of operations. The soldiers make up teams which interface and provide expertise to the host nation government. USACAPOC(A)'s Civil Affairs soldiers are particularly suited for this mission since they are Army Reserve soldiers with civilian occupations such as law enforcement, engineering, medicine, law, banking, public administration, etc.

Civil Affairs Soldiers have been integral to U.S. peacekeeping operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, the Horn of Africa, Bosnia and Kosovo, among others. Tactical Civil Affairs teams meet with local officials, conduct assessments and determine the need for critical infrastructure projects such as roads, schools, power plants, clinics, sewer lines, etc., and check up on the status of the project after construction by a local company has begun.

Civil Affairs units
Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
350th Civil Affairs Command (350th CACOM)
350 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Jeffrey C. Coggin Pensacola, Florida The 350th CACOM is the only CACOM Headquarters that is both a Brigade and a CACOM Headquarters.
351st Civil Affairs Command (351st CACOM)
351 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Christopher W. Stockel Mountain View, California
352nd Civil Affairs Command (352nd CACOM)
352 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Jeffrey W. Jurasek Fort George G. Meade, Maryland
353rd Civil Affairs Command (353rd CACOM)
353 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Robert S. Cooley, Jr Fort Wadsworth, Staten Island, New York

Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Units

CAPOC pamphlet disseminated in Iraq. The text translates as, "This is your future al-Zarqawi," and depicts al-Qaeda terrorist al-Zarqawi caught in a rat trap. The arm holding up the trap has the Iraqi flag on it.

Psychological operations are a vital part of the broad range of U.S. political, military, economic and ideological activities used by the U.S. government to secure national objectives. PSYOP is the dissemination of information to foreign audiences in support of U.S. policy and national objectives.

Used during peacetime, contingencies and declared war, these activities are not forms of force, but are force multipliers that use nonviolent means in often violent environments. Persuading rather than compelling physically, they rely on logic, fear, desire, or other mental factors to promote specific emotions, attitudes, or behaviors. The ultimate objective of U.S. military psychological operations is to convince enemy, neutral, and friendly nations and forces to take action favorable to the U.S. and its allies.

Psychological operations support national security objectives at the tactical, operational and strategic levels of operations. Strategic psychological operations advance broad or long-term objectives. Global in nature, they may be directed toward large audiences or at key communicators.

Operational psychological operations are conducted on a smaller scale. They are employed by theater commanders to target groups within the theater of operations. Their purpose can range from gaining support for U.S. operations to preparing the battlefield for combat.

Tactical psychological operations are more limited, used by commanders to secure immediate and near-term goals. In this environment, these force-enhancing activities serve as a means to lower the morale and efficiency of enemy forces.

Both tactical and theater-level psychological operations may be used to enhance peacetime military activities of conventional forces operating in foreign countries. Cultural awareness packages attune U.S. forces before departing overseas. In theater, media programs publicize the positive aspects of combined military exercises and deployments.

In addition to supporting commanders, PSYOP units provide interagency support to other U.S. government agencies. In operations ranging from humanitarian assistance to drug interdiction, psychological operations enhance the impact of those agencies' actions. Their activities can be used to spread information about ongoing programs and to gain support from the local populace.

Psychological operations units in the U.S. Army Reserve are language and culturally oriented. Seventy one percent of the Department of Defense's PSYOP capability rests within USACAPOC (A)'s 2nd and 7th Psychological Operations Groups located in Ohio and California respectively.

Psychological Operations units
Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
2nd Psychological Operations Group
2 POG-100px.jpg
Colonel Jesse Manning Twinsburg, Ohio
7th Psychological Operations Group
7 POG-100px.jpg
Colonel Matthew Gebhard Mountain View, California

1st Training Brigade Civil Affairs/Psychological Operations (CAPO)

The 1st Training Brigade (Civil Affairs/Psychological Operations) - (CAPO) trains the command's troops.[8]

Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
1st Training Brigade (CAPO)
USACAPOC DUI.png
Colonel Justin Stieglitz[9] Fort Bragg, North Carolina

References

  1. ^ Pike, John. "Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  2. ^ Brooks, Drew (21 October 2017). "Guthrie takes command of USACAPOC". The Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  3. ^ "About Us". U.S. Army Civil Affairs & Psychological Operations Command (Airborne). Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Our Commands: U.S. Army Reserve Command: About Us". U.S. Army Reserve. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  5. ^ Unknown, Unknown. "FTSTESTS". [www.dvidshub.net]. Retrieved 12 April 2019. External link in |publisher= (help)
  6. ^ Moyer, Jonathan. "Soldiers, looking to reclass? The information operations career field needs you". www.armytimes.com. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  7. ^ Bridgers, James. "America's Army Reserve". [www.csis.org]. Retrieved 12 April 2019. External link in |publisher= (help)
  8. ^ [www.usar.army.mil]
  9. ^ 1st CA and PO Training Brigade USACAPOC (A) Welcomes New Commander, Defense Visual Information Distribution Service, by SGT Juan F. Jimenez (210th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment), dated 7 April 2018, last accessed 17 June 2018

External links