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Ukrainian Association of the Blind

The Ukrainian Association of the Blind (Ukrainian: Українське товариство сліпих), known by the acronym UTOS (УТОС), is a Ukrainian public organization for the visually impaired. The UTOS was founded on June 4, 1933, by the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee, and the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR, in order to establish a Ukrainian society for the blind. Now various companies produce a UASB range of household goods and garden equipment from polymers, as well as low-voltage electrical products and equipment for production and engineering facilities.

History

The Ukrainian Society for the Blind formed on June 4, 1933. That year, the Central Executive Committee and Council of People's Commissars of the USSR decided to create Ukrainian Society for the Blind. By this time in Ukraine, there were 12 local organizations of visually impaired people, uniting more than 100 people. Chairman of the Organizing Bureau was approved by Abram Moyseyovych Edelman.

In 1934, 470 blind people were already working in 12 workshops of UTOS. They produced goods in an amount of 5.3 million rubles, derived from waste materials. In the same year, there was published the first issue of a children's magazine in Braille, Yunyy pioneer (Shkolnik since 1969). In 1935, 2411 disabled people had been given employment in 78 such workshops, operated in Ukraine. There was founded the magazine in Braille Pratsya slipykh, the predecessor of the magazine Zaklik.

In 1941, the business UTOS employed more than 2700 people with visual handicaps. Society had 38 hostels, 33 clubs, 37 libraries. In 1956, the enterprise district and urban societies blind renamed training production plants (TPP). In 1991, the number of members of the company was 58,000. Operates 190 primary organizations (79 industrial and 111 local).

In 1992, in Lviv, and the fund raised signage - NGO that at the stage of emergence of a market economy in Ukraine has set itself the goal of social protection of the Visually Impaired . Recruited the first group of blind students to Henichesk medical school.

In 1993, International Biographical Centre in Cambridge (UK) awarded GO Tseytlin title " Man of the Year 1992" . The system is widely marked the 75th anniversary of the birth and the 50th = anniversary of the death of the Hero of the Soviet Union Yakov Batyuk.

In 1994, and amateur groups UTOS took an active part in the festival disabled Ukraine "Inspiration ". A Training and Information Center computer Blind . Despite serious financial and economic difficulties which are experienced in this period, society, the system successfully developing sport amateur . At the IPC Swimming World Championships in Valletta, Ukraine's team of UTOS won several silver and bronze medals.

In 1995, and in collective enterprises and organizations UTOS continued discussing new edition of the Charter of the Company. On May 22–23, 1996, the 23rd Congress of UTOS was held in Yevpatoria, Crimea. It was attended by over 190 delegates. Congress approved amendments to the Articles of Association, adopted the concept and main directions of its activities for the next period. Chairman of the Central Board of the Company elected Vladislav Bilchych.

In 1997, and on the basis of national service training executives and professionals UTOS was a psychological and practical rehabilitation of the first group of totally blind people, mostly young people with disabilities, from all regions of Ukraine. In Ryksyvani (Italy) took place European Championships in athletics and swimming among the visually impaired. From this prestigious event brought utosivtsi 4 gold, 10 silver, and 9 bronze medals. At the initiative of blind Ph.D., Georgy Tseytlin founded the association Window to the World.

In 1998, the Blind Rehabilitation Center of UTOS was opened in Kiev. In 1999, and Community Association celebrated the 10th anniversary of the publication of the first issue of the newspaper "Ray" and the 65th anniversary - of " pupil ." VIII Plenum of the Central Bank UTOS discussed "Status of rehabilitation work in the system and ways to improve " and identified new ways, forms and methods of work are very important.

In 2000, and ninth plenum of the Central Bank UTOS, considered the question, " The work of associations, enterprises and organizations UTOS in 1999 and the priorities of the Society in 2000", stated the release utosivskoho the beginning of the crisis, increase in output. UTOS community celebrated the 65th anniversary of the journal = "The Call ". Blind athletes competing in three sports successfully performed at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney. They have won 13 medals - 2 gold, 5 silver and 6 bronze. The best Ukrainian Paralympians were granted the Order of Merit of the 2nd and 3rd degrees by the decree of the President of Ukraine.

On May 22–23, 2001, the 24th Congress of UTOS took place. He has made amendments to the Articles of Association, adopted the Regulation on the central government and the Central Auditing Commission UTOS. Congress approved the Concept of the Guidelines of the Ukrainian Society for the Blind of social work and rehabilitation, social protection and social integration of visually impaired people in the 2001 – 2005 years. The piper ensemble of Kamianets-Podilskyi Training And Production Enterprise represented Khmelnytskyi Oblast during a concert of popular talents on the main stage of Palace "Ukraine", devoted to the 10th anniversary of Ukraine's independence. The Republican Library, named after Nikolay Ostrovsky, then celebrated the 65th anniversary of its creation.

In 2002, there is direct hotline in which the question of visually impaired people responsible head of Securities Blind VM Bilchych . International Committee of the registration champions and international champions handed the club totally blind artist from Kharkov Dmitry Didorenko just three awards: a special diploma club medal and the prestigious statuette of Nike. At the 2002 Winter Paralympics in Salt Lake City, Ukrainian blind skiers won three medals, two silver by Oleh Munts, and a bronze by Vitaliy Lukyanenko.

On May 23–24, 2006, the 25th Congress of UTOS was held in Yevpatoria, Crimea. The congress approved the concept of reforming UTOS and adopted programme of its main activities for 2006–2010.[1]

Objectives and goals

The state-sponsored association is involved in the social, employment, medical and vocational rehabilitation of the disabled citizens of Ukraine, who can not compete in the labor market. It provides employment, healthcare, and social protection for the visually impaired. The organization is focused locally, as well as in areas where there is a need to organize training and company production[clarification needed]. Blind people in the association receive the full range of social protection, the ability to find opportunities to live and to work. Destination of selected features of blind people to perform a particular job. Help the state goes on direct financing of projects, and indirectly by providing tax benefits to companies creating public procurement system Blind.

References

  1. ^ "Історія УТОС – Українське товариство сліпих" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2019-08-19.