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Udaisagar Lake

Udai Sagar Lake
LocationUdaipur, Rajasthan
Coordinates24°34′15″N 73°49′17″E / 24.570811°N 73.821351°E / 24.570811; 73.821351
Typereservoir, fresh water, polymictic
Native nameUdaisagar Lake
Basin countriesIndia
Max. length4 km (2.5 mi)
Max. width2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Surface area10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
Max. depth9 m (30 ft)
SettlementsUdaipur

Udaisagar Lake, one of the five prominent lakes of Udaipur,[1] is situated around 13 km in the east of Udaipur. This lake was built by Maharana Udai Singh in 1565. Udai Sagar Lake is around 4 km in length, 2.5 km in width and 9 meters deep at the maximum.[2] It is fed by the Ahar River.[3]

History

In 1559, Maharana Udai Singh constructed a dam on Berach River to ensure adequate supply of water in his kingdom. Udai Sagar Lake was developed as an outcome of this dam. This dam at Udaisagar Lake drains about 479 km2, and covers an area of 10.5 km2.[4]

Threats to the lake

According to a study made on the environmental pollution of Udaisagar,[5] Udai sagar lake's water revealed high phosphate contents, due to discharge of pollutants from surrounding phosphorite mines, chemical factories, distillery, sewage and domestic waste from settlements and hotels. All these pollutants, reaching this lake through the River Ahar, make the water unhygienic for human consumption and unfavorable for survival of aquatic life.

Lake restoration works

The task of restoration and transformation of the Lake Udai Sagar and Goverdhan Sagar is taken up by National Lake Conservation Program (NLCP). Udaipur is the first city in the state where all 4 lakes will be developed under the NLCP.[6]

The key undertakings under this program include:

  • Curbing pollution in the lakes,
  • Restrictions on disposal of waste products and sewerage in the lakes,
  • Restrictions on mining activities in the catchment areas,
  • Conservation of wildlife around the lakes,
  • Protection of birds as well as heritage properties.

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Five Prominent and Most Beautiful Lakes of Udaipur". walkthroughindia.com. WalkThroughIndia. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Udai Sagar Lake". discoveredindia.com. Udai Sagar Lake. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  3. ^ NG 43-14. Army Map Service, Corps of Engineers. 1959. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Lake Udai Sagar". gvw.in. GVW.in. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  5. ^ Das, B. K. (1999). "Environmental pollution of Udaisagar lake and impact of phosphate mine, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India". Environmental Geology. 38 (3): 244–248. doi:10.1007/s002540050421.
  6. ^ "Goverdhan Sagar & Udai Sagar to get makeover under NLCP". Udaipurtimes.com. Udaipurtimes.com. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.