UTC+03:00 – 2011: orange (DST Northern Hemisphere), yellow (all year round), light blue (sea areas)
Time in Europe
: pale colours indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colours indicate where a summer time is observed
Time zones of Africa
: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland.
Mauritius and the Seychelles are to the east and north-east of Madagascar respectively.
Time in the Middle East Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed.
UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03:00. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2019-02-08T23:36:06+03:00.
As standard time (all year round)
Principal cities: Moscow, Istanbul, Riyadh, Baghdad, Nairobi, Addis Ababa
Most of European Russia, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land. From October 26, 2014 Moscow and most other parts of European Russia started using UTC+03:00 again, all year around. Also on September 7, 2016, Turkey started using UTC+03:00 all year round.
Besides the names mentioned above, the name 'Eastern Europe Forward Time' (EEFT) is sometimes used.
Arabia Standard Time
Arabia Standard Time, or AST (indicated by KSA on some Arab TV stations), is used by some countries in the Middle East. As this time zone is predominantly in the equatorial region, there is no significant change in day length throughout the year, so daylight saving time is not observed. Between 1982 and 2007, Iraq observed Arabia Daylight Time (UTC+04:00) but the government abolished DST in March 2008.
Arabia Standard Time is used by the following countries:
As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer only)
Principal cities: Kiev, Bucharest, Athens, Jerusalem
- The westernmost point at UTC+03:00 is the westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov Oblast (27°19' E). the time zone employed there (corresponding to 60°E) is 33°41' E of physical time, i.e. roughly 1 hour and 14 minutes ahead of physical time, making for the largest discrepancy between time used and physical time for UTC+03:00. This is the largest discrepancy overall for UTC+03:00.
- The easternmost point at UTC+03:00 is Cape Zhelaniya, Severny Island, Novaya Zemlya, Russia (69°06' E). the time zone employed there (corresponding to 45°E) is 24°06' W of physical time, i.e. roughly 1 hour and 36 minutes behind physical time, making for the largest discrepancy between time used and physical time for UTC+03:00.
- On February 8, 2011, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev issued a decree cancelling daylight saving time in Russia. Under the decree, all clocks in Russia advanced by 1 hour on March 27, 2011, but did not change back the following October, effectively making Kaliningrad Time UTC+03:00 permanently, and Moscow Time UTC+04:00 permanently, this proved unpopular because of the dark mornings, children walking to school and people going to work in complete darkness. On October 26, 2014, Russia permanently returned to standard time by setting the clocks back by 1 hour effectively making Kaliningrad Time UTC+02:00 permanently and Moscow Time UTC+03:00 permanently.
- Ukraine had UTC+02:00 plus regularly EEST from 1990 till 2011 (in years 1981–1990 Moscow Summer Time) until the Ukrainian parliament added 1 hour "on the territory of Ukraine from March 27, 2011" and canceled daylight saving time on September 20, 2011 de facto making EEST (UTC+03:00) the new standard time. After strong criticism from the mass media, on 18 October 2011 the Ukrainian parliament cancelled its previous decision.