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Tymandus or Tymandos (Ancient Greek: Τύμανδος) also known as Mandos, Mandas Kiri, or Yassi Veran, was a Roman and Byzantine-era city in northern Pisidia (now southern Turkey). A number of monuments from Roman times remain in the area.
Bownmann and Garnsey have argued that Tymandus was actually a village, not a town and that the granting of municipal status was unusual. They argue the wording of the grant is for the granting of municipal status rather than being an actual city. Levick, however, argues that Tymandus had in the 2nd century been a mere village, but by the time of the municipal grant had grown significantly, so that the grant merely reflected a recognition of this change.
Pont has postulated that the granting of the municipal status was to placate a particularly vocal community.
^William Smith, LLD. London. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, illustrated by numerous engravings on wood. (Walton and Maberly, Upper Gower Street and Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row; John Murray, Albemarle Street. 1854).
^Allan Chester Johnson, Paul Robinson Coleman-Norton, Frank Card Bourne, Clyde Pharr, Ancient Roman Statutes: A Translation with Introduction, Commentary, Glossary, and Index(The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 1961)p 222.
^Johnson, Coleman-Norton & Bourne, Ancient Roman Statutes, Austin, 1961, pp. 221-222, n270.
^A. H. M. Jones, The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces [Oxford 1937], p142.
^LA Curchin 2014, The end of local magistrates in the Roman Empire.
^James S Reid, The Municipalities of the Roman Empire (CUP, 1913), p360.
^James S Reid, The Municipalities of the Roman Empire (CUP, 1913), p441.