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Turks in Croatia

Turks of Croatia
Total population
367 (2011 census)[1]
est. 2,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
City of Zagreb106
Primorje-Gorski Kotar County88
Istria County54
Split-Dalmatia County43
Brod-Posavina County18
Turkish, Croatian
Sunni Islam

Turks of Croatia (Croatian: Turci u Hrvatskoj; Turkish: Hırvatistan Türkleri) are one among 22 recognised national minorities in Croatia. According to the 2011 census, there were 367 Turks living in Croatia, most of which most lived in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County and later in the City of Zagreb.

Turks compose approximately 0.001% of the total population. The majority of Croatian Turks are Sunni Muslims, and make up 0.5% of Croatia's Muslim population (56,777 Muslims in total).


During the Croatian-Ottoman Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, small parts of eastern Croatia were briefly incorporated into the Ottoman Empire and settled by Turks. However, the majority of these retreated to other parts of Rumelia or Anatolia after the end of Ottoman rule. Many ethnic Turks in Croatia today are from more recent immigrations from the mid-20th century onwards.


In the Independent State of Croatia, the Croatian Muslim Printing House issued a magazine in Turkish language intended for the Turkish public, the European turkologists and those in the Independent State of Croatia who spoke Turkish language. The magazine was called The East and the West: the Cultural, Economic, Social and Political Magazine (Turkish: Doğu ve Batı. Kültür, iktisat, sosyal ve siyasi mecmuası). It was issued between 6 April 1943 and 15 August 1944. It was the first magazine in Turkish language on the territory of the present-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and second on the territory of the former Yugoslavia.[3]


Official name of Croatia Year Number of Turks
- 1931 186
 PR Croatia 1948 13
1953 276
1961 2,710
 SR Croatia 1971 221
1981 279
 Croatia 1991 320
2001 300
2011 367
(Croatian Bureau of Statistics)[1][4]


Cities with significant Turkish minority:

  • Umag (29 or 0,22%)
  • Trogir (16 or 0,12%)
  • Rijeka (42 or 0,03%)
  • Slavonski Brod (18 or 0,03%)
  • Zagreb (106 or 0,01%)
  • Split (16 or 0,01%)

Notable people

See also



  1. ^ a b "Stanovništvo prema narodnosti, popisi 1971. - 2011" (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  2. ^ Zaman. "Altepe'den Hırvat Müslümanlara moral". Retrieved 2011-09-09.
  3. ^ Vlašić & 5 December 2013.
  4. ^ Population of Croatia 1931-2001