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Turkish general election, 2019

Turkish presidential election, 2019
← 2014 On or before 3 November 2019 2024 →

Turkey provinces blank gray.svg
The 81 voting Provinces of Turkey

Incumbent President

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
AK Party

General elections are scheduled to be held in Turkey on 3 November 2019 to elect both the President and Grand National Assembly. Following the approval of constitutional changes in a referendum held in 2017, the elected President will be both the head of state and head of government of Turkey, taking over the latter role from the to-be-abolished office of the Prime Minister.[1]

Incumbent president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is widely expected to be the Justice and Development Party (AKP) candidate.[2] Besides Erdoğan, Meral Akşener is seen as a likely candidate,[3] while Tuna Bekleviç has formally declared his candidacy. [4][5][6]

Electoral process

The President of Turkey is elected using the two-round system; If no candidate wins a simple majority (50%+1 vote) in the first round on 3 November 2019, a run-off will take place two weeks later on 17 November between the two top candidates. Prospective presidential candidates must be at least 40 years old and must have completed higher education. Any political party that has won 5% of the vote in the previous parliamentary election can put forward a candidate, although parties that have not met this threshold can form alliances and field joint candidates as long as their total vote share exceeds 5%. Independents can run if they collect 100,000 signatures from the electorate.[7] An estimate released in July 2017 predicted that collecting 100,000 signatures to stand for election could exceed ₺15 million (US$4.2 million) in costs, if each individual signature would require certification by a notary.[8]

Based on the results of the previous general election results in November 2015, only the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Republican People's Party (CHP), Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) and Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) are eligible to field candidates for the presidential election. The remaining parties combined received under 3% of the vote and are thus unable to field either a joint candidate or a candidate in their own right.

The 600 members of the Grand National Assembly will be elected from 85 multi-member constituencies, based on the country's provinces. The elections will be held using proportional representation with an electoral threshold of 10%. Seats will be allocated using the d'Hondt method. In order to win seats, parties must be officially organised in 40 or more provinces and in at least a third of districts in those provinces, and must nominate two candidates in 40 or more provinces.[9]

Opinion polls

Presidential election

Electoral system

Nomination process

Justice and Development Party

Republican People's Party

As of February 2018, the Republican People's Party (CHP) has yet to formally announce its presidential candidate. In the 2014 presidential election, the party supported the candidacy of the independent Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, along with 13 other opposition groups. Following İhsanoğlu's defeat at the hands of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, there were calls from within the CHP to nominate a party member in 2019 elections, as opposed to another independent. Party leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu was re-elected to his position at the CHP's 2018 party convention, boosting speculations that he could run for president, despite his previous declining to do so; he hinted at a possible run in December 2018.[10] At the convention, he defeated challenger Muharrem İnce, who is also seen as a potential presidential candidate. In addition, names such as Deniz Baykal (former CHP leader), Yılmaz Büyükerşen (mayor of Eskişehir), and Metin Feyzioğlu (Turkish Bars Association president) have been mentioned as possible contenders.[11][12][13]

Nationalist Movement Party

In the 2014 presidential election, the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) opted to support the candidacy of Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, who was also backed by main opposition Republican People's Party and 12 minor parties. İhsanoğlu ultimately lost the election to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, then-Prime Minister of Turkey and candidate of the Justice and Development Party.[14] Following the 2015 parliamentary elections and the failed 15 July 2016 military coup, the MHP moved closer to President Erdoğan and his AKP, and supported the latter's push for the ultimately successful 2017 referendum to switch Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system. In the aftermath of the referendum, there were speculations surrounding the MHP's choice of candidate for the next presidential election, scheduled for November 2019. While former MHP deputy Sinan Oğan declared his pre-candidacy for the presidency in 2017,[15] party leader Devlet Bahçeli announced on 8 January 2018 that the MHP would support a potential re-election bid for Erdoğan, and that they would seek to enter formal talks with the AKP on co-operation in both presidential and parliamentary elections.[16][17] On 20 February 2018, the Nationalist Movement party formally entered into the People's Alliance coalition with the AKP.[18]

Peoples' Democratic Party

İyi Party

Minor parties

In 2017, the Felicity Party (SP) preliminarily announced that they would bring forward a candidate by gathering 100,000 signatures in order to bypass the 5% threshold. In January 2018, SP leader Temel Karamollaoğlu replied that former President Abdullah Gül could be their potential candidate. During a convention on January 17, 2018, Karamollaoğlu pointed out that there is "no rule of law left" in Turkey due to President Erdoğan's increasing authoritarianism, in addition to ruling out an alleged alliance with the CHP on the same day. Although SP is against the AKP roadmap, Erdoğan held several talks with the SP in February 2018 to allegedly convince the party executive into endorsement, as he successfully did with the Great Unity Party (BBP). On February 14, 2018, Karamollaoğlu reaffirmed his anti-alliance stance and confirmed that the SP will definitively have their own presidential candidate.

Presidential candidates

Candidate Other offices Home province Status
Meral Akşener
Meral Akşener (cropped).jpg Deputy Speaker of the TBMM
Minister of the Interior
Leader of the İyi Party
Kocaeli Province Speculated[19]
Tuna Beklevic
European Affairs Ministry consultant
Leader of the Hayır Partisi[20]
(February–April 2017)
Edirne Province Declared[21]
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg 12th President of Turkey
25th Prime Minister of Turkey (2003–2014)
Leader of the AKP
(2001–2014 and 2017–present)
Rize Province Speculated[22]

Parliamentary election

Turkish parliamentary election, 2019
← Nov 2015 On or before 3 November 2019

All 600 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
301 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  Portrait of Binali Yıldırım (cropped).jpg Kılıçdaroğlu (cropped).jpg Sezai Temelli Pervin Buldan.png
Leader Binali Yıldırım* Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu Sezai Temelli
Pervin Buldan
Party AK Party CHP HDP
Alliance Cumhur None None
Leader since 21 May 2017 22 May 2010 11 February 2018 (both)
Leader's seat İzmir (I) İzmir (II) Noneİstanbul (III)
Last election 317 seats, 49.50% 134 seats, 25.32% 59 seats, 10.76%
Current seats 316 131 50

  Devlet Bahçeli VOA 2015 (cropped).jpg Meral Akşener İYİ Party 1 (cropped).jpg
Leader Devlet Bahçeli Meral Akşener
Alliance Cumhur None
Leader since 6 July 1997 25 October 2017
Leader's seat Osmaniye None
Last election 40 seats, 11.90% New party
Current seats 36 5

Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in Turkey on or before 3 November 2019. With the passage of a series of constitutional amendments in the 2017 referendum, the number of MPs will be increased from the previous 550 to 600. These representatives will be elected by the constituents of the 85 electoral districts of Turkey by party-list proportional representation.

Electoral system

Contesting parties

Coalition Parties Ideology Leader
People's Alliance AKP Justice and Development Party
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
Social conservatism Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
MHP Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
Turkish nationalism Devlet Bahçeli
NONE CHP Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Kemalism Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
HDP Peoples' Democratic Party
Halkların Demokratik Partisi
Minority rights Pervin Buldan
Sezai Temelli
İYİ İyi Party
İyi Parti
National conservatism Meral Akşener
SP Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
Islamism Temel Karamollaoğlu
BBP Great Unity Party
Büyük Birlik Partisi
Turkish nationalism Mustafa Destici
VATAN Patriotic Party
Vatan Partisi
Left-wing nationalism Doğu Perinçek

MPs standing down


  1. ^ "Turkey referendum: Erdoğan wins vote amid dispute over ballots – as it happened | World news". The Guardian. 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  2. ^ "Erdoğan, 2019'da Cumhurbaşkanlığına Yeniden Aday Olacak". 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  3. ^ Malsin, Jared. "Turkey's 'Iron Lady' Meral Aksener Is Getting Ready to Challenge Erdogan". Time. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "2019'daki cumhurbaşkanlığı seçimi için ilk aday çıktı: Tuna Bekleviç". CNN Türk (in Turkish). Retrieved 2018-01-03. 
  5. ^ Sputnik. "AK Partili bakanların eski danışmanı Bekleviç, Cumhurbaşkanlığı adaylığını açıkladı". (in Turkish). Retrieved 2018-01-03. 
  6. ^ "Tuna Bekleviç cumhurbaşkanlığı seçimlerine aday: Muhalefetle çalışmaya hazırız". euronews (in Turkish). 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2018-01-03. 
  7. ^ "Anayasa değişikliği maddeleri tam metni | Yeni anayasa maddeleri nelerdir? | Son Dakika Türkiye Haberleri". Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  8. ^ Sputnik (2017-07-23). "'Cumhurbaşkanlığına aday göstermenin bedeli 15 milyon lirayı bulabilir' - Sputnik Türkiye". Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  9. ^ Electoral system IPU
  10. ^ "CHP leader signals nomination for 2019 presidency bid". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  11. ^ "Deniz Baykal 2019'da aday olacak mı? | TV CNN TÜRK". 2017-05-30. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  12. ^ "Yılmaz Büyükerşen 2019 Cumhurbaşkanlığı Seçimleri'ne aday olacak mı?". 2017-10-16. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  13. ^ "Emre Kongar: Yüzde 49'un adayı Metin Feyzioğlu olmalı". Retrieved 19 February 2018. 
  14. ^ Tattersall, Nick. "Erdogan's presidential win starts race for new Turkish government". Reuters. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  15. ^ "Sinan Oğan: Şartlar oluşursa 2019'da Cumhurbaşkanlığı'na aday". Retrieved 19 February 2018. 
  16. ^ Demirtaş, Serkan. "MHP to support Erdoğan in 2019 presidential election, calls on AKP for alliance". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  17. ^ "AKP welcomes MHP's support for Erdoğan's presidential run". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  18. ^ "Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan AKP-MHP ittifakının ismini açıkladı: Cumhur İttifakı". Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  19. ^ "Meral Aksener, Turkey's Iron Lady and Challenger of Erdogan". Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  20. ^ "Korku iklimi!" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2018-03-03. 
  21. ^ "Tuna 2019 - Main Page". Tuna Bekleviç. Retrieved 2017-11-07. 
  22. ^ "Erdoğan'dan bomba 2019 açıklaması!". 2017-10-04. Retrieved 2017-10-23.